Rumeli Hisarı (also known as Boğazkesen Hisarı) is the fortress that gave its name to the district where it is located on the Bosphorus in Sarıyer district of Istanbul. It was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet right across the Anatolian Fortress on the Anatolian side to prevent attacks from the north of the Bosphorus before the conquest of Istanbul. This is the narrowest point of the Bosphorus. Rumeli Fortress Concerts have been organized in the venue for many years.
Rumeli Hisarı, in Sarıyer, Istanbul, covers an area of 30 acres. It is a fortress built in the narrowest and flowing part of the Bosphorus, 600 meters across the Anatolian Fortress. Completed in a short time like 90 days, the three big towers of the fortress have the biggest castle horoscopes of the world.
The name of Rumeli Hisarı is Kulle-i Cedide in Fatih foundations; Yenice Hisar in his history; It is known as Boğazkesen Fortress in Kemalpaşazade, Aşıkpaşazade and Nişancı dates.
The construction of the fortress began on April 15, 1452. The construction of each section was given to the control of a pasha by making a work section, and Fatih Sultan Mehmet himself undertook the construction of the section falling to the sea side. Looking from the sea, Saruca Pasha supervised the construction of the tower on the right, Zağanos Pasha for the construction of the tower on the left, and Halil Pasha supervised the construction of the tower on the shore. The towers here carry the names of these pashas. The construction of the fortress was completed on August 31, 1452.
The timber used in the construction of the fortress was obtained from Iznik and Karadeniz Ereğli, stones and lime from different parts of Anatolia and spolies (spoiled pieces) from the ruined Byzantine structures in the environment. According to the architect EH Ayverdi, approximately 300 masters, 700-800 workers, 200 coachmen, boatmen, shippers and other crews worked in the construction of the fortress. The work volume of the work, covering an area of 60,000 square meters, is approximately 57,700 cubic meters.
Rumeli Hisarı has three big and small Zağanos Pasha, Saruca Pasha, Halil Pasha and Zağanos Pasha, and 13 big and small bastions. Along with the ground floors, the Saruca Pasha and Halil Pasha towers have 9 floors and the Zağanos Pasha Tower has 8 floors. The diameter of the Saruca Pasha Tower is 23,30 meters, the wall thickness is 7 meters, and the height is 28 meters. The diameter of the Zağanos Pasha Tower is 26,70 meters, the wall thickness is 5,70 meters, and the height is 21 meters. The diameter of the Halil Pasha Tower is 23,30 meters, the wall thickness is 6,5 meters and the height is 22 meters.
Rumeli Fortress was damaged in 1509 Great Istanbul Earthquake but it was repaired immediately. In the fire that broke out in 1746, the wood was devastated. Hisar again III. It was repaired in Selim (1789-1807) period. When the wooden cones covering the towers of the fortress were demolished, the castle was filled with small wooden houses. In 1953, upon the order of President Celâl Bayar, three Turkish women architects Cahide Tamer Aksel, Selma Emler and Mualla Eyüboğlu Anhegger initiated the necessary works for the repair of the fortress, the wooden houses in the castle were expropriated and destroyed.
Rumeli Fortress was used as a museum and open air theater. There is an open exhibition in the fortress, there is no exhibition hall. The works consisting of balls, cannons and a part of the chain that is said to close the Golden Horn are exhibited in the garden.
Rumeli Hisarı is also a district of Sarıyer district of Istanbul. It is also known as the place where concerts begin in the summer period of every year. There are also many fish restaurants in Rumeli Fortress. Council of state; The Istanbul Administrative Court; The concert at Rumeli Hisarı, confirming that the effects that will occur as a result of the activities to be carried out in the platform and theater area (concert and theater play) at the site of the historical Boğazkesen Masjid in Rumeli Hisarı, can harm the cistern, and this situation will cause negative effects in terms of the structure that presents historically and culturally. legally prohibited it.