Who is Hacı Bayram-ı Veli?

haci bayram i veli who is
Photo: wikipedia

Hacı Bayram-ı Veli, (b. 1352, Ankara - d. 1430, Ankara), Turkish sufi and poet. He is the disciple of Sheikh Hamid Hâmid'ûd-Dîn-i Veli and founder of Bayramîyye Tarikâtı, one of the demands of Hodja Alâ ad-Din Ali Erdebilî, one of the elders of Safavid Tariqat. His tomb is located next to Hacı Bayram Mosque in Ankara.


His birth name is Numan bin Ahmed, nicknamed "Hacı Bayram". He was born in Zül-Fadl (Solfasol) village on Çubuk Stream in Ankara on 1352 (H. 753). Hacı Bayram-ı Veli grew up in Anatolia in the 14th and 15th centuries. By writing his works in Turkish like his other Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli comrades, he significantly influenced his use of Turkish in Anatolia.

II. In a famous edict he gave, Murad reported that Hacı Bayram-ı Veli's students were exempted from tax and military service in order to be engaged only with knowledge.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed will conquer Istanbul II. Mehmed's father II. It is reported that it was reported to Murad.

One day someone came to the madrasa; “My name is Şüca-i Karamani. My teacher Hamideddin-i Veli has a nod. He invites you to Kayseri. I came to your presence with this task. ” said. When he heard the name of Hamidüddin; “On the head, this invitation must be met. Let's go now. ” He left the management. Together they headed to Kayseri and met with Hamideddin-i Veli, known as Somuncu Baba, on the Feast of the Sacrifice. Then Hamideddin-i Veli; “We celebrate both holidays!” He commanded him and gave him the nickname Bayram and accepted him to be a student. He achieved high degrees in religion and science.

In 1412, Hacı Bayram-ı Veli returned to Ankara after his teacher Şeyh Hâmid Hâmid'ûd-Dîn-i Veli's death in Aksaray and started his activities. This date is considered the establishment of the Bayramiye order.

Return to Ankara

After the death of his teacher, Hamideddin-i Veli, he came to Ankara and settled in the village where he was born. He was busy getting back to demand. SohbetHe healed sick hearts. He would direct his students to more art and agriculture. He also earned his living from agriculture. Famous scholars and true minstrels flocked to the science and knowledge center he opened. Damadı Eşrefoğlu Rumi, Şeyh Akbıyık, Bıçakçı Ömer Sikinî, Göynüklü Uzun Selahaddin, Yazıcızade Ahmed (Bican) and Mehmed (Bican) brothers, whom he accepted as students during his visits to Edirne and Bursa, and Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han's teacher Akşemseddin are the most famous of these.

When Fatih's father Sultan Second Murad Khan invited Hacı Bayram-ı Veli to Edirne, understood his knowledge and spiritual degree, he showed extraordinary respect, made him present in the Old Mosque and sent off to Ankara again.

When Sultan Second Murad Khan asked for advice; He made the long advice of Imam Azam to his student Abu Yusuf: “Know and know everyone's place in Tebean; Treat the notables. Respect the scholars. Respect the old and show love to the young. Come closer to the people, get away from the facets, fall off with the good ones. Don't underestimate anyone and underestimate. Don't flaw in humanity. Don't open your secret to anyone. Do not trust anyone's friendship unless there is a close relationship. Don't chat with stingy and low people. Don't mess with anything you know is bad. Don't oppose anything immediately. If you are asked something, answer it as everyone knows. Teach something from my knowledge to benefit those who visit you and let everyone memorize and apply what you teach. Teach them common things, don't open up fine issues. Give trust to everyone, establish friends. Because friendship provides continuation of knowledge. Sometimes, serve them food. Ensure your needs. Know their value and reputation well and see their flaws. Treat the ring soft. Show indulgence. Don't be tired of anything, pretend you are one of them. ”

His disciples

Hacı Bayram-ı Veli worked to spread Islam until the end of his life. He died in Ankara on 1429 (H. 833). Its tomb is adjacent to Hacı Bayram Mosque, which is known by its name, and it is a visiting place. After his death, the cult was attributed to Akşemsettin over his disciples (Şemsîyye-î Bayramîyye Tarikâtı), ascribed to Bıçakçı Ömer Dede (Şeyh Emir Sikkinî) (Melâmetîyye / Melâmîyye-î Bayramîyye Tarikâtı) [1] and Akbıyye Sultan. î Bayramîyye Tarikâtı) and continued in three different branches. Like Hacı Bayram-ı Veli and Yunus Emre, he was influenced by Hacı Bektaş-i Veli and sang poems of the same style. He used the pseudonym “Bayramî” in his poems.

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