The report, prepared by the Police Academy Presidency, stated that what happened during the epidemic demonstrated that sectoral approaches to security are not sufficient, and that an integrated understanding of security is required in this area.
In the report entitled Kovid-19 Outbreak and Post-Continuity and Changes in International Politics, it was stated that the possible socioeconomic and political effects of the epidemic were discussed at the international level.
It is stated that the extent and extent of the international system will be affected by the epidemic depends on the duration, scale and extent of the epidemic, while focusing on the construction of the post-epidemic while managing the crisis process.
Health Issues Moved Beyond States and Borders
In the report, which was recalled that the acceptance of health issues as a general security threat was possible in the post-Cold War period, it was noted that rapidly developing technology, communication and transportation opportunities carried health issues such as epidemic beyond states and borders.
In the report that Kovid-19 assessed that security understanding and practices can play a reinforcing role in gaining multi-level, biased and dimensional quality, the following statements were included:
The experiences and measures taken as a result of the epidemic showed that sectoral approaches to security are not sufficient and a holistic view is required. The perception of security threats, which started in the field of health, can be changed in a short time by economy, social, political, cyber, food, etc. additional measures were required in the areas. It can be said that the general view that security threats bring opportunities as well as risks is confirmed once again during the epidemic process.
The report noted that two views were evident in the discussions about what kind of an international system would occur after the outbreak, and the following was noted:
First, the problems experienced in the process of struggle can open the door of a new era of nationalization and become the dominant tendency of protectionism and introversion in state behavior. Second, it can reinforce these processes and institutions by reminding the importance of global solidarity and cooperation in the epidemic, which is a global problem in nature. The outbreak has clearly shown how quickly countries can close their borders and return to their own resources in the event of any concrete or perceptual threat.
There are strong arguments that nation-states will be more active
In the report, which pointed out that the confiscation of certain products that were transported by some states and the limited role that liberal economy gave to the nation-states was not on a solid ground, the nation-states with a more active social state model taking into consideration the economic crises caused by the epidemic. Strong arguments are suggested that they will be effective in the international system as active players. expressions were used.
It was stated in the report that the common struggle for the solution of the global epidemic is essential at every stage, and that the possibility of increasing the belief in the necessity of global tools and institutions should not be ignored when the short-term damages of the crisis are overcome.
The report reminded that the debates about the international system came to the fore with the September 11 terrorist attacks, and the outbreak triggered similar debates.
In the report, instead of the radical shifts in the power centers during the Kovid-19 process, it is considered as a closer possibility that there are shakes in international power balances, differentiations in the hierarchy of prestige, changes in rules and norms that regulate the relations between the actors in the system. assessment took place.
If Globalization is One of the Reasons for the Fast Spread of the Virus
In the report, which claims that globalization will evolve from tight integration to a new structure where regional separations have established production and supply chains within itself, if Globalization is one of the reasons for the spread of the virus so rapidly, it is also possible that the sharing of tools and information that will increase our capacity to fight it will be realized at the same speed. should be seen as gain. The expression was used.
The report emphasized the international effects of the epidemic, and pointed out that the ineffectiveness of the superpowers, which claim to be the leader in the international system, especially in the USA, to mobilize international institutions, processes and initiatives during the epidemic caused systemic crisis discussions.