The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry General Directorate of Forestry (OGM) produced 2019 tons of non-wood forest products from the laurel in 32. An economic contribution of 600 million lira was made to the forest villagers working in this bay production process.
The bay, whose homeland is Anatolia and the Balkans, is one of the characteristic plants of the Mediterranean vegetation. In our country, bay, Aegean, Mediterranean and Black Sea regions spread along the entire coastline and this plant is found at altitudes of about 600-800 meters. In the world, it can be grown in all Mediterranean countries where the Mediterranean climate prevails and on the Black Sea coast of Russia.
The ever-increasing world population leads to an increase and diversification of human needs. The awareness of people about food supply, their desire to be protected from synthetic substances as much as possible increases the demand for ecological or naturally collected products, which is reflected in non-wood forest products. Mediterranean Bay, which is one of the non-wood forest products and important medicinal aromatic plants of our country and also has an important place in our foreign trade, also gets its share from this demand.
In this context, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry launched the "Bay Action Plan" in 2016 in order to ensure sustainable use of leaves and seeds from natural distribution areas of the laurel, to reduce production costs, to decrease the depreciation in production and to increase the income of the forest villagers.
REHABILITATION AND 12.500 KM ROAD WILL BE MADE IN 160 DEKAR AREA
The Ministry, which has set goals within the framework of this action plan to be implemented between 2016 and 2020, will carry out bay rehabilitation works in an area of 12.500 decares during this period. In addition, it will construct a 160 km road network to carry the laurels collected in these areas.
On the other hand, with the action plan, a 1.000-decare bay area will be taken under protection to benefit from its seed, and 5.000 promotional activities will be carried out to increase domestic consumption by training 13 people.
REHABILITATION WORK COMPLETED IN 9.610 DEKAR AREA
As a result of the works carried out within the scope of the action plan, rehabilitation work was completed on an area of 9.610 decares and a 122 km road was built. In addition, 810 decares of bay seeds were taken under protection and 4.000 people received training.
2019 TURKEY EXPORTS MADE 40 MILLION DOLLAR BAY
Located in an important manufacturer in the world it is constantly increasing export revenues as Turkey over the years. 2005 bay export revenues of approximately $ 12 million of Turkey's export revenue in 2019 was $ 40 million. OGM continues to work for the production and protection of laurels. The bay production of OGM, which was 2005 thousand 6 tons in 436, increased to 2019 thousand 32 tons in 600. 4,2 million lira tariff fee was collected from this production.
FROM THE LAUNCH AREAS WAS EXTREMELY AND UNSUFFICIENT BENEFITS
The Minister of Agriculture and Forestry stated that the productive bay areas were destroyed and the leaf yield decreased due to the excessive and unconscious use of the collectors' bay areas. Bekir Pakdemirli, on the other hand, said, "The lack of machine operation opportunities in the areas used, the inadequacy of the road network that will provide access to the interior areas from the bay areas made the preparation of this action plan compulsory."
ADDITIONAL INCOME GATE TO THE FOREST VILLAGE IS OPENING
Stating that one of the important conditions for the transfer of forest resources to future generations in the world and in our country is to offer alternative income sources to the people living in that region. Pakdemirli said, “With this action plan, we are opening additional income gates to our forest villagers. In this context, we have made an economic contribution of 2019 million lira to forest villagers in the production stages of the bay, which was produced in 115. We have prepared and implemented many action plans to date. I have no doubt that this action plan will also reach its goal successfully. Such practices will be the locomotive of rural development. ”
WHERE IS THE LAUREL LEAF USED?
Bay leaf is a plant that is dried and used in meals or syrup making. Bay leaf paste, which has a different flavor, is also preferred for making tomato paste. Bay leaf, which has a high antibacterial property, reduces the cells that cause throat infection.