With the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester railroad in September 1830, steam train services started. Before the steam train was invented, most trains operated with animal force and were used to transport coal and similar loads at short distance.
Connecting Liverpool and Manchester, the 50km railroad made its first expedition of passenger and freight transport with steam locomotives designed by George Stephenson, the winner of the railroad open design competition. The Liverpool-Manchester railroad trains, which can travel 45 km per hour, carried more than 500.000 passengers in the first year and made profits for investors. The railroad carrying cotton from the port of Liverpool to Manchester factories led to the development of the Industrial Revolution of England.