📩 21/01/2020 17:31
The development of the Turkish logistics industry in recent years often draws a positive picture for us as sector representatives. However, as it is known, it is not possible to evaluate our sector independently of the dynamics of the world. Both political developments in different geographies and fluctuations in world trade affect the logistics industry. Nevertheless, when we look at the developments over the years, the logistics sector gets a high share from the public investments and it grows and grows every year with the contribution of the private sector. In 2019, we left behind a year that was challenging as the sector but new steps were taken for the future. I would like to evaluate 2019 with some figures and developments.
We know that our industry has a 12% share in the country's GDP. GDP increased by 2018% at the end of 19 compared to the previous year and reached 3 trillion 700 billion 989 million TL. The logistics sector, which is considered to have a 12% share within the said size, reached approximately 2018 billion TL by the end of 444. It is estimated that the companies that provide logistics services directly to this size and foreign trade / production companies contribute half by half.
Logistics sector of growth performance is evaluated at the end of 2019 will be different from Turkey's GDP growth. Published by the World Bank in Turkey in November 2019 in Turkey to monitor the economy's GDP growth is estimated to be located. Although this table is not pleasant, we will be able to see the growth performance of the logistics sector in parallel with the GDP when 2019 data of the GDP are announced by TURKSTAT.
When we evaluate the logistics sector by differentiating modes of transportation, we see that the seaway has the highest share in terms of value and weight, as it has been for years. In this context, at the end of the third quarter of 2019, the share of seaway in imports on the basis of value is 65%, the share of the highway is 19%, the share of the airline is 15% and the share of the railway is 0,80%. In export transportation, the share of the sea is 62%, the share of the road is 29%, the share of the airline is 8% and the share of the railway is 0,58%.
On the basis of weight, at the end of the third quarter of 2019, the seaway has a rate of 95%, highway 4% and railway 0,53%. The weight of the import cargo transported by air is very small and corresponds to a 0,05% ratio. In export transportation, seaway has a share of 80%, highway is 19%, rail and airline has a share of less than 1%.
While leaving 2019 behind, I would like to share with you the developments affecting the industry. Within the scope of China's Belt and Road Initiative, the efforts for our country to get larger shares from the transportation corridors are one of the important developments for our sector. In parallel with this development, the share of rail transport and therefore transit loads through our ports will also increase. For this reason, our country will be made of seamless rail transport through the east-west axis should give priority to infrastructural arrangements, in a shorter time compared to neighboring countries via Turkey of transit cargo and more economical moved able front that opens the legislation should be performed. With Istanbul Airport, a period in which we can benefit from the position of our country more effectively has started. Turkey's air cargo capacity on behalf of both the current international scale transfer center that will be opened in both long-term use of the airport in Istanbul, additional capacity will provide a great advantage.
As UTİKAD, we continue our efforts to improve and develop the logistics sector. In this context, we follow up-to-date developments in order to create a sustainable logistics system that offers safe, accessible, economical, alternative, efficient, fast, competitive, environmentally friendly, uninterrupted, balanced, efficient supply and modern services based on value chain management, global good practice. We transfer the samples to our members. absolutely essential to developing intermodal transport in Turkey at the point of the creation of this system. So what have we done for this? We conveyed the opinions of UTİKAD regarding the Combined Transport Regulation Draft to the Ministry and aimed the final benefit of the sector.
We express the current problems of the sector in every platform we represent the sector and emphasize our opinions on its solution. One of these issues is the subject of Authorization Documents requested from the companies that want to carry out their transportation activities. The fact that the fees for the requested documents are high is a negative situation for our industry. High document fees affect working conditions and competitive environment deeply. In this regard, we express our objections and justifications on every platform. Of course, we are committed to documented and reliable transportation, but we believe that it is imperative to both reduce the number and variety of documents and to improve document fees.
As UTİKAD, we prepared 2020 reports in 2 for our sector to draw a road map for the future. Professor of Dokuz Eylül University Maritime Faculty. Dr. Okan Tuna and annexed to cooperate la prepared Logistics Trends and Prospects Survey and UTIKAD Director of Industrial Relations, prepared by Alperen Güler Turkey Logistics Industry Report believe we can take steps safer and more efficient our members and industry stakeholders through 2019. I hope that 2020 will be a healthy, peaceful and profitable year that will open new horizons to the Turkish logistics industry and its valuable stakeholders.
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UTİKAD Chairman of the Board