Eskişehir Bar Association President Mustafa Elagöz explained his views about the Channel Istanbul Project and said the project would harm both national security and the environment.
The press release by the Eskişehir Bar Association on the Kanal Istanbul Project was as follows: Bakanlığı The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization announced that the Etki Environmental Impact Assessment ”(EIA) report prepared for the Kanal Istanbul Project was found to be sufficient and opened for public opinion and stated that the period of comment was 10 days.
As Eskişehir Bar Association, we know our views about the Kanal İstanbul Project and enlighten the public in line with our obligation to defend the rule of law, human rights, protect them and to bring these concepts into effect.
Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits, along with the Lausanne Treaty, the founding treaty of the Republic of Turkey. As the Montreux Straits Convention, the sovereign rights we gained under the leadership of the Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk cannot be accepted to be shelved with the claim of economic interests; Our national independence and national security, protected by this Convention, can never be discussed.
Montreux Convention Straits ceased to disarmament status, established Turkey's full sovereignty over the straits. The security of Turkey, be notified of the passage of warships to advance Turkey, as limited by terms of number and tonnage of the last warships through the Straits, passage of the day done, the prohibition of the throat to fly fighter planes over the only submarine of the Black Sea littoral states in order to go to their bases on the Black Sea, pass if they watch at day and water the face of Turkey passes through the throat in case of war has entered the regime's provisions, such as the release of Turkey's discretion, for the sake of economic interests is shown as a basis for the project is not regulations that could be sacrificed.
According to the Wimbledon decision, the treaties governing international channels and the Permanent Court of Justice, a channel joining international maritime vessels is subject to the sovereignty of the coastal state; international status. Based on these regulations in Turkey, the channel is not as close to the transition to adhere to the interests, it is possible to say not discriminate between passing ships. In other words, the right of free passage shall not only cover the merchant ships but also the warships. This was not appreciated; it arises from the necessity imposed by international law in similar cases.
If the Canal Istanbul project is implemented, both the Black Sea coastal states and the states that do not have a Black Sea coast will have the opportunity to pass through the Straits without being subject to the restrictions imposed by Montreux on warships; our national security will be under constant threat. It is not possible to foresee the damages that the Black Sea, which is full of warships, and the transformation of the US into a competition area between Russia and the security and survival of our country.
Moreover, although it is suggested by the project developers that the project will provide economic benefit by bringing in transit revenue through the channels; Since it will not be possible to prevent the ships that will be crossing preferring the straits which are both shorter in kilometers and cheaper in economic terms, this claim is also a groundless claim that has been put forward only to provide public support and is intended to mislead the public, to defend the rule of law and the public interest within the scope of our duty. We feel the need.
In addition to our sovereignty rights and national security, we also need to say something about the impact of the project on ecological balance. It is obvious that underground and surface resources will be lost with the project. If the project is implemented, the salt water that will enter the Terkos Lake will cause harm to the drinking water of more than sixteen million people in Istanbul. In addition, the species living in the Black Sea and Marmara will cause extinction.
Planning of the project in an area of seismic risk and triggering passive fault lines, activating the hazard, Turkey can not be a risk can afford! Human life is far more valuable than economic interests. If the fault lines become active in the implementation of this project, it will also be a violation of the state's obligation to protect human life.
In the EIA Report, it is mentioned that the natural traffic in the Bosphorus will decrease gradually and it is stated that the Bosphorus traffic will be relieved. However, according to the data of the Ministry of Transport, in 2017, in contrast to 42.978 ships crossing in 2019, 30.352 ships were crossing. Therefore, this claim is not true either.
While there is the Bosphorus, the natural wonder of Istanbul, the heart of the world, is there a need for a channel that is unnatural and threatens human life, national security and the future of our country? OF course, NO!
As the Eskişehir Bar Association, we inform the public and the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of our negative opinion on the Kanal Istanbul Project with our legal and scientific reasons. We would like to invite all our people to apply to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization in the short time given to us against this project that threatens our future.