Designed and manufactured in Turkey is thought to be the first automobile Anadol. However, Anadol's design was made by the British Reliant company (Reliant FW5) and produced under license from Otosan. The chassis, engines and transmissions of Anadol were obtained from Ford.
The first Turkish car in terms of design and engineering is Devrim. Before the Revolution (in 1953), there have been studies that we can call “trial adlandır on the manufacture of automobiles, although the Revolution can be viewed as the first Turkish structure and even the first Turkish type automobile.
In Turkey, the first series production car Anadol Although it is claimed to be the rightful owner of this title is 200 Nobel is a small car. The vehicle, produced under license in many countries, Turkey, the UK and Chile Nobel, Germany and Fuldamobil in South Africa, Sweden Fram King Fulda, Bambi In Argentina, the Bambino in the Netherlands, in Greece, Attica, in India Hans Vahaar is on the road with its brands. Installation of this small car production began in 1958 in Turkey has been discontinued in 1961. In the world, it remained in production between 1950-1969.
Founded in 1928 by Vehbi Koç Otokoç, in 1946, was the representative of the Ford Motor Company, in 1954, then it began talks with representatives of Ford to produce a car in Turkey. In 1956, Vehbi Koç received a letter from the then prime minister Adnan Menderes and went to Bernar Nahum and Kenan İnal and Henry Ford II. These contacts worked and it was decided to cooperate. In 1959, the Koç Group founded Otosan. The assembly of Ford trucks started at Otosan.
Fiberglass idea and automobile production
In 1963, while Bernar Nahum and Rahmi Koç were at the Izmir Fair, an Israeli-made fiberglass vehicle attracted their attention. This method, which is much cheaper than sheet metal production, encouraged Vehbi Koç to start producing domestic automobiles. Designed by Koç Holding and Ford, Anadol's design belongs to the British Reliant company and the chassis and engines supplied from Ford were used in the vehicle. The production of Anadol began on 19 December 1966, was exhibited for the first time on 1 January 1967 and started to be sold on 28 February 1967.
Anadol name and production
The name of Anadol comes from the word Anadolu and it was selected from among the Anadolu, Anadol and Koç players who came to the finals as a result of the name contest and Otosan Otomobil Sanayi A.Ş. started to be produced in the factory in Istanbul. Anadol's emblem symbolizes one of the deer statues of the Hittites. The production of Anadol, which continued from 1966 to 1984, was discontinued in 1984 and instead of Ford Taunus, which was discontinued in the world under the license of Ford Motor Company, the production of Otosan 500 and 600D turntables continued until 1991. Today, under the license of Ford Motor Company, Otosan continues to produce Ford light commercial vehicles at its new facilities in Gölcük and exports Ford Motor Company licensed cars to many countries, particularly the European Union.
Vehicle specifications and sale
Although the production of Anadol started on 19 December 1966, the approval of the “Qualification Certificate gerekli and the Yönetmelik Regulation on the production, modification and installation of vehicles montaj required for sales and traffic registration were received from the Chamber of Mechanical Engineers on 28 February 1967 and therefore, Anadol sales started after this date.
Anadol's first models were designed by British Reliant and Ogle Design. All models are made of glass fiber and polyester bodywork Anadol'da Ford engines were used as the engine. The first engine used is the 1200 cc Kent engine of Ford's Cortina.
Anadol, which was put on sale in December 1966, sold 1984 units until production ceased in 87.  A small number of specimens are now considered classical, protected and used by enthusiasts. In addition, it is still used in small cities of Anatolia, where it is named after its cut and van made forms. In addition, the British have made efforts to produce the same Anadol in New Zealand and nowadays Anadol is used on an island belonging to New Zealand.
This technology was being used around the world, as the hull was fiberglass, spreading negative rumors for its hood, causing rumors that it was eaten by oxen, goats and donkeys.
Anadol / A1 (1966-1975)
Anadol A1 was developed by the British Reliant Company on the order of Otosan Otomobil Sanayi A.Ş. under the code “FW5 ve and production started on 19 December 1966. A1 was designed by Tom Karen of Ogle Design UK. The first production of A1 was Ford Cortina's 1200 Kent engine of 1959 cc, and in 1968 it was replaced with a more powerful 1300 cc Ford Crossflow engine. In 1969, the instrument panel was renewed and the steering wheel became more ergonomic. In 1971, the cabin ceiling was covered with vinyl as the fashion of that day. This design remained as the MkI type until April 1972. The A1971 model developed for the Mediterranean Games held in Izmir in 1 was called “Anadol Akdeniz ve and production of this model was started in 1972. In this model called MkII, the round shape of the headlamps has been replaced by rectangular headlamps and the gear block and bumpers have been renewed. In the new design, the bumpers have become an extension of the body, the front grille has been changed, the headlights and signals have been rectangular, and the signal and stop lamps have a triangular shape. The interior of the cabin has undergone a serious change, the dashboard and dashboard, seats have been changed and the quality of the materials used has been improved. This standard, which was used in Anadol's Coupé from 1972, remained the same until the end of A1 production (1975).
Anadol / A2 / SL (1970-1981)
Anadol A2 series, but was Turkey's first 4-door car, all the world's first 4-door with a fiberglass body went down in history as the sedan. Developed in 1969, the prototype A2 was produced and released in 1970.
The A2 series is powered by Ford Cortina's 1300cc Kent engine. Known for the one-piece front seat, these first A2 models were technically the same equipment as the A1 models. A small number of MkI types, the same as the body structure A1972 from 1 and produced as MkII A2 (nose, grille, headlights and signals) remained the same shape until the end of 1975. From 1976 the SL was introduced as the new A2 version. The most important changes in SL were the headlamps and rear stops. A2 has gained a new look with rectangular rear stops and the new dashboard, dashboard and interior materials are completely renewed. In addition, A2 is the first Turkish car to undergo a crash test to improve the safety of the vehicle. Although the A2 was designed as a family car, it made a big commercial success and reached a sales performance of 35.668 units, making it the most sold Anadol model (2 units as A1970 in 1975-20.267, and 2 units as A1976 SL). The A1981 production ended in 15.401 and the A2-1981 was replaced.
Anadol / A4 / STC-16 (1973-1975)
STC-1972, the first prototype of which was developed in 16, was produced only between 1973 and 1975. STC-16 was designed by Eralp Noyan. Thus Designed Revolution in 1961 (automobile) 'after, designed and manufactured and the first series production car title took place in Turkey.
In 1971, Erdoğan Gönül, the General Manager of Otosan and Vehbi Koç's son-in-law, convinced the Otosan management and received approval for mass production. STC-16 aimed to provide high-income users and prestige to Anadol brand in international rallies. Drawn by a team headed by Eralp Noyan, a graduate of the Royal Fine Arts Academy in Belgium, the STC-16 is inspired by the Datsun 240Z, Saab Sonett, Aston Martin, Ginetta & Marcos. . Eralp Noyan, the interior and exterior design characteristics of the vehicle II. Inspired by üretim Supermarine Spitfire olan, the advanced aircraft of World War II, the STC-16 was put on the production line with A4 code, shortened and modified Anadol chassis and suspension system and 1600cc Ford Mexico engine was used. High-performance British Ford Cortina and Capri models were used as transmissions. The dashboards and dashboards of the STC-16 were no different from popular Italian and British sports cars of those years. Apart from the mileage and tachometer, the new details of that time included a resetable distance indicator, Lucas ammeter, Smiths oil, gasoline and temperature gauges. At the end of the project development phase, which lasted 11 months, three STC-3 prototypes were prepared for test drives. Istanbul-Adapazari section of Cengiz Topel airport and E-16 highway were selected as test areas. The first crash tests of the STC-5 were also conducted during this period.
Anadol / A5 / SV-1600 (1973-1982)
At the end of 1600, the SV-1973 landed as the world's first fiber-glass 5-door station wagon with the code A5.
The design of the SV-4 is inspired by Reliant's im Scimicar Sports-station Coupé ”. The 1600cc Ford (I-5) Kent with 1600 main bearings is equipped with a 4-cylinder OHV engine.
Many details of the vehicle have Bertone and Pininfarina design features in the station wagons of the period it was produced. The SV-1600 features a single color exterior paint and front spoiler as an innovation in station cars.
After a while, more luxurious versions were introduced, using two-color exterior paint and new interior design. Since 1976, the SV-1600s have been equipped with aluminum alloy wheels, a new type of steering wheel and new design side mirrors, while the exterior paint is produced in monochrome with black and white stripes on the sides. In the interior design, a detachable seat model has been applied in order to expand the luggage volume.
Anadol / A6 / Insect (1975-1977)
Anadol Böcek was designed by Jan Nahum, who worked in Otosan Research and Development Department in those years. In the following years, Jan Nahum served as General Manager and CEO of companies such as Otokar, Tofaş, FIAT / Italy and Petrol Ofisi. His father, Bernar Nahum, played a very important role in the establishment and production of Anadol A1 model of Otosan Company as a partner of Koç. Claude Nahum from this family has made significant efforts both as an Anadol A1 rally driver and Otosan Anadol Wankel engine project and development. Today, he is the founding partner of Kıraça Group of Companies, which also owns Karsan Otomotiv Sanayi.
Anadol Insect landed in production line in 6 with the code A1975. The insect was originally developed at the request of the Turkish Armed Forces. Although Volkswagen has similarities with the gg Buggy ”model, it is produced with a different design in terms of concept and characteristic. Otosan, taking into account the increasing tourism potential and increasing number of holiday villages in those years, took into consideration the demand of the vehicle from the public. The open top, without door, the same inclination as the windshield hood, the different instrument panel and console were the most important concept of the vehicle. The hood and glass design on the same slope has inspired the SUVs that emerged in the following years, and the panel and console design adopted later in the period has inspired many European manufacturers in automobile design.
Anadol Insect is produced with 1298cc and 63 HP Ford engine and has high performance due to its light weight and small chassis. Parallel to the pop-art design of the period, asymmetric front and rear view, again asymmetric front panel, rear right 2, left 3 stop lights, 5-angle rear view mirror on the windscreen 225/55/13 size tires, fiber-covered vinyl with unusual seats had a look.
Anadol Insect is available in different versions depending on usage and requirements: Gull wing version for off-road shooting, off-road version, pusher / tractor version and military version.
Anadol Insect production, such as STC-16 coincided with an unlucky period. Designed Term far ahead of both models resulting from the oil crisis did not create demand due to economic troubles in the world and in Turkey and production was suspended.
Between 1975 and 1977, the number of Insect models produced was only 203.
Anadol / A8 / 16 and Saloon 16 (1981-1984)
Production of the 4-door A8-16 series began in 1981. The A8-16 was inspired by the SAAB and Volvo brands. A8-16 design features pioneering details such as wide headlights, oblique nose, blunt and high rear cut.
However, the rear stops, which were slightly outdated compared to 1981 and used in the Insect, did not fit this innovative philosophy. Due to the preliminary design of the vehicle, the A8-16 model is also known as “Baltaburun arasında. The interior design of the cabin also contradicts many traditional Anadol customers. Designed in 1973, the SV-1600's doors, glazing and frames were also used in the A8-16, which, despite its new lines, created a sense of a collection model.
Although the high-performance 1981 Pinto E-Max engine was used in their production in 1982 and 1.6, it was not enough to give the vehicle an allure. As a result, the former Ford (I-1983) Kent, 1984 cylinder OHV, 16 main bearings 4cc engine was used in the Saloon 4 model which was put into production line in 5 and 1600 in order to reduce production costs.
The A8-16 model was produced in the years 1981-1984 only 1.013.
Anadol Pickup Truck (1971-1991)
The first work on Anadol van started in 1970. In fact, the idea of producing the first pickup truck emerged when an Anadol A1 was modified at the Otosan plant to transport material. Bernar Nahum saw this vehicle while he was wandering around the factory and he did not like the appearance of it, but he suggested that such a vehicle could be used in light commercial transportation.
At that time, the development of domestic trade in the first years of industrialization and outward opening, especially small tradesmen in light cargo transportation "pick-up" (interest) began to increase interest. Thereupon, work was started in the fiberglass workshop, and a small piece of monolithic fiberglass body (cabin and chassis) was built first. However, the production and use of this vehicle is not practical due to the production of hair-cased fiber cup van began. Anadol vans started mass production in 1971 and were marketed as Otosan 2 with P500 code and equipped with 1300cc gasoline engine. Since 1980, the 1300cc gasoline engine and the 1200cc Erk diesel engine have been used in production. The 1600 cc Ford OHC gasoline engine, which was also used in the Ford Taunus, was used together with the double-throated Weber carburetor. In addition, the interior of the vehicle has been redesigned, according to the period has been given a very modern console. Although the parts were made of plastic, they could even be considered luxury for a van in those years. Front panel indicators were replaced with Smith instead of Smith, and the numbers on the indicators were changed from yellow to white. Heating control sticks are also placed vertically, not horizontally. The steering wheel has also been renewed and the deer emblem in the middle of the steering wheel has been enlarged. The same emblem is located on the plastic cover in the middle of the rims. 83 After models P2 Otosan 600D was introduced to the market, 4-cylinder, straight, top cam 1900 cc ERK diesel engine is equipped. The form of the front hood was also changed and the groove line on the hood was replaced by a swollen form.
Anadol vans have been produced by small design changes from 1971 to 1991 with 36.892 units.
Many public institutions such as PTT have served with Anadol pick-up for years. However, the demand for Anadol pickup trucks has increased so much that the period in which A2 models have been cut and turned into pickup trucks has started, especially at the point where the demand is not met. Legislation also supported by the modification of the license in this period, thousands of Anadol cars were converted to light truck traffic.
Even today, Hmong vans in almost every corner of Turkey continues to serve.