Historical Development of Railways up today in Turkey

historical development to this very day the turkey railways
historical development to this very day the turkey railways

The history of the railways that started to be operated commercially in 1830; It has revealed a process that shapes the modern world. When we look at the history of railways in the world, it is possible to see the huge global effects.

The development of the most important networks in Europe, the impact of British technology, the creation of enormous systems in India and much later in China, as well as the construction of transcontinental lines in the United States; how railways develop, become faster, more convenient and safer. It is seen how these developments have changed people's lives and how many other changes have pioneered. It is clear how railways help shape the world we live in and how it accelerates development and change in almost every country. Simply put, railways are the world 19. Between the first quarter and the last quarter of the 19th century, it turned from a situation where people could hardly leave their villages or go beyond the nearest town market, where the continents could be overcome in a few days instead of months.

The train continues with the speed of magnetism, starting with the steam it receives from the steam. The traction of the locomotive increases the speed approaching the aircraft, multiplying the functionality and efficiency of the train. At the point where high-speed train technology arrives, the relationship of locomotives and wagons with rails begins at the starting point of the journey and ends at the end points. Passengers seeking fast and comfortable transport change their preferences and preferences. The advantages of the railways in combined transport increase the superiority of the rails.

Anatolian people also met with the railway in 33 year after 1856 year after the use of steam locomotive for the first time in the world. 23 September The construction of the İzmir Aydın line on 1856 has been a milestone in shaping this geography socially, culturally and economically.

1986 to 2018 Railways
1986 to 2018 Railways

During the 1923-1950 period, in which rail transport was considered as a state policy, a total of 134 kilometers of railway was built, with an average of 3.764 kilometers per year. In this period, railways were considered as a modernization project that encompasses development and development.

The railway move in the early years of the Republic will be incomplete only when considered as a transportation investment. One of the most unique examples of how a mode of transport changes society is this period of the Turkish Railways.

Considering this period, the railroad workshop, school, social facilities, part physicians, sports clubs, printing houses with a great siege; in fact, this encirclement will be seen to provide social change.

At that time, railways were a development move, a mobilization of transportation, a modernization project as well as an unnamed social responsibility project due to the results and indicators we mentioned.

Unfortunately, this rail-based responsibility project was gradually shelved after 1946 and after 1950, with the effect of periodic winds, until the year 2003.

From the 1951 to the end of the 2003 year, where the road-weighted transportation policies brought about by the conjuncture after the Second World War were preceded and a stagnation period was experienced, the railways were completely neglected and only the 945 kilometer railway was built.

In the years 2003-2004; important investment projects were planned to be implemented in the future, and investment strategies were put forward in the railways.

Between the years 2004-2018, total 138 kilometers of railways were constructed, with an average of 1.983 kilometers per year. The construction of the 4.015 kilometer railway is currently underway.

Our country has begun to recoup the importance it attaches to railway transportation and its simultaneous investments especially in the last 16 year. Focusing on our 2023 goals, our efforts now bear fruit.

1856-1920 / 1923 The Ottoman Period; this period was inherited from the Republic of 4.136 kilometers of railway.

Railways locomotive serves as the foundation and development process in the Republic of Turkey, after years of neglect 50 from 2003 years is experiencing its golden age as it was since the first years of the Republic. The importance given to the railroad has shown itself in investment planning in order to achieve 2023 targets. Since 2003, 91,4 Billion TL has been spent in the railway sector.

Turkey which adds speed to the speed of performing high-speed rail projects step by step; Ankara-Eskişehir-İstanbul, Ankara-Kon-ya, Konya-Eskişehir-İstanbul high-speed railway lines have been completed and opened for service.

With the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway and the Marmaray / Bosphorus Tube Crossing, the Modern Silk Railway is launched and the Far Asia-Western European railway corridor is functional.

Marmaray 2013, the world's most unique transportation project, which was built with the latest technology and which is resistant to the highest possible earthquake, changed the known history of Istanbul and was put into service for our people.

Ankara-Istanbul and Konya-Istanbul YHT 2014, which were built using many different construction methods, were put into service. Thus, the major cities of our country are connected to each other by YHT.

Since 2003, 538 km additional conventional lines and 1.213 km high speed train lines have been put into operation and our country's railway network has been increased to 12.710 km.

Railway Line Length (Km)

Conventional Conventional Conventional Yüksek Hızlı Tren Total Line
(+ Station Railway Connection
(Main Lines) Line Total lines length
Lines)
2003 8.697 2.262 10.959 10.959
2004 8.697 2.271 10.968 10.968
2005 8.697 2.276 10.973 10.973
2006 8.697 2.287 10.984 10.984
2007 8.697 2.294 10.991 10.991
2008 8.699 2.306 11.005 11.005
2009 8.686 2.322 11.008 397 11.405
2010 8.722 2.330 11.052 888 11.940
2011 8.770 2.342 11.112 888 12.000
2012 8.770 2.350 11.120 888 12.008
2013 8.846 2.363 11.209 888 12.097
2014 8.903 2.369 11.272 1.213 12.485
2015 8.947 2.372 11.319 1.213 12.532
2016 8.947 2.372 11.319 1.213 12.532
2017 9.023 2.372 11.395 1.213 12.608
2018 Eylül 9.131 2.395 11.497 1.213 12.710

Note: The dismantled and reconstructed 233 km railway line is not included in the total railway line.

Ankara-Sivas, Ankara-Izmir High Speed ​​and Bursa-Bilecik, Konya-Karaman-Nigde (Ulu-barracks), Yenice-Mersin-Adana and Adana-Osmaniye-Gaziantep High Speed ​​Railway lines are under construction.

Used in railway tracks, scissors, sleepers, fasteners began producing industries have established production in Turkey and has started the implementation phase of the project developed national signal.

Egeray / İzban, which provides intercity transportation services in İzmir, was launched in 2010; this project has been awarded as an exemplary project in the world in cooperation with local government-central government and public institutions.

In addition to the new railway constructions, importance was given to the modernization of the existing fog supply and a road renewal campaign was initiated. Complete maintenance and renovation of the 11.497 km of the 10.789 km conventional line.

Complete Maintenance and Renewal of Railway Line Length (Km)

Complete Maintenance and Renewal of Railway Line Length
Complete Maintenance and Renewal of Railway Line Length

So; By increasing train speeds, line capacity and capability, passenger and freight transportation has become more comfortable, safer and faster.

12 number of 9 logistics centers, which are under construction and project preparation works in regions with high freight transportation potential, have been completed and construction of 5 units is continuing. Our country has come closer to the target of improving the combined transportation by providing the connection of the organized industrial zones to the whole railway network and ports.

In the freight transportation, block train application has been started and freight transport by rail has been transformed into a faster, more efficient and efficient manner. Today, there are national and international block train services.

The towing vehicle fleet has been seriously renovated, YHTs have been added to the vehicle park for the first time, domestic DMU train sets and electric and diesel outline locomotives have been produced and put into service.

Pulling Vehicle Condition (Piece)

TOTAL a diesel-powered a diesel-powered Electric Array Diesel Array
Locomotive
Locomotive Locomotive
M F M F M F M F M F M F
2003 470 371 74 56 74 56 88 74 49 31
2004 457 380 68 50 73 53 87 73 49 32
2005 461 379 68 49 71 53 86 72 49 33
2006 477 397 58 49 67 54 84 76 46 36
2007 472 406 58 48 67 58 83 78 44 35
2008 494 419 55 44 64 52 83 73 44 32
2009 7 6 502 409 48 38 64 56 83 70 52 41
2010 12 11 435 387 109 83 64 52 99 91 55 46
2011 12 11 433 381 109 81 45 40 101 91 56 44
2012 12 10 433 367 109 76 56 46 108 103 67 49
2013 12 10 428 341 109 75 53 45 113 106 77 47
2014 12 10 434 339 106 75 80 72 117 109 80 60
2015 13 13 439 340 108 77 94 58 117 100 80 60
2016 19 17 436 351 107 77 125 100 118 102 80 49
2017 19 19 436 353 107 71 125 118 115 104 87 62
2018 19 19 435 368 104 65 125 115 97 84 88 55

Vehicle Condition (Piece)

PASSENGER WAGONS LOAD WAGONS
The present-Piece Capacity -Person The present-Piece Capacity-Ton
2003 965 55.414 16.070 624405
2004 993 56.860 16.004 625697
2005 996 56.865 16.102 642349
2006 993 55.377 16.320 664328
2007 1.010 56.421 17.041 691634
2008 995 54.822 17.079 682800
2009 990 54.196 17.607 696990
2010 965 53.774 17.773 698836
2011 962 52.866 18.200 761832
2012 944 52.071 18.167 752181
2013 933 50.585 18.607 808215
2014 916 49.962 18.967 837016
2015 913 49.782 18.841 832499
2016 872 49.224 19.570 882928
2017 859 49.252 15.979 810400
2018 August 853 48.767 16.363 882467

The reduction of passenger wagons will continue in the process as the Electric-Diesel train set transportation is started in the regional train and suburban operations, especially in the YHT operation.

Within the scope of the modernization of the existing system, investments in signaling and electrification were also given importance and efforts were made to make all lines electrical and signaled. In 2002, the signaled line length from 2.505 km to 5.534 km; The electrical line length from 2.122 km has been increased to 5.056 km.

Electric-Signal (HHT + Conventional) Line Length (Km) (1 October 2017)

HHT Conventional Line with Electrical Signal
HHT Conventional Line with Electrical Signal

With the legal regulation enabling the liberalization of the railways, the railways were separated as infrastructure and transportation and the private sector was allowed to carry out railway transportation.

39 has been connected to the railway network by the Tekirdağ-Muratlı line for the first time in a provincial center.

The modernization of the stations and stations in the cities has been made as a center of attraction and brought to the historical, cultural and social life of the cities.

In order to increase traffic safety, the level crossings at the intersection of the road and the railway were reduced from 4.520 to 2.909. Improvements are ongoing in the existing level crossings and the number of 1.045 is controlled. Work is underway to turn the 198 level crossing into an overpass.

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