Turkey-Poland Trade Relations and Investments Rail System

Polish economy and evaluation of rail system investments
Polish economy and evaluation of rail system investments

24-27 September 2019 between the TRACON Rail Turkey-Poland exhibition and trade relations during a visit I made about the activities and assessments made investments in the rail system Gdanski Poland are presented below.

Poland, which is the sixth largest country in the EU, is also the largest member of the European Union's former Eastern Bloc. Country 38,2 million population and 312.685 km2 has a surface area. Since 1990, Poland has pursued an economic liberalization policy and has been the only economy in the EU that has not been affected by the recession during the 2007-2008 economic crisis. The Polish economy is showing a rising graph in the EU over the past 26 year. With this growth, the GDP per capita in purchasing power parity increased by an average of 6%, and with the most impressive yield in Central Europe in the last two decades, it has been the only country that has managed to double its GDP since 1990.

The state of the country's economy in 2018:

GDP (Nominal): 586 billion USD
Real GDP growth rate: 5,4%
Population: 38,2 million
Population growth rate: %0
GDP per capita (Nominal): 13.811 USD
Inflation rate: 1,7%
Unemployment rate: 6,1%
Total Exports: 261 billion USD
Total imports: 268 billion USD
Ranking in the world economy: 24

The biggest component of the economy is the service business with the 62.3 rate. This is followed by industry with 34,2% and agriculture with 3,5%.

Poland's main export items include components for road vehicles, parts and accessories, passenger cars, furniture, monitors and projectors. The main export partners are Germany, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom and France.

Among the main import items of Poland passenger cars, crude oil, components for road vehicles, parts and accessories, medicines. The main import partners are Germany, China, Russia and the Netherlands.

The trade volume between Turkey and Poland (Millions of dollars):

Years 2016 2017 2018
our exports 2.651 3.072 3.348
our imports 3.244 3.446 3.102
Total trade volume 5.894 6.518 6.450
Balance -593 -374 +246

The main products we export to Poland are automobiles, parts for road vehicles, tractors, motor vehicles for bulk passenger transport, refrigerators and textiles.

The main products we import from Poland are parts for road vehicles, diesel and semi-diesel engines, automobiles and beef products.

Between the years 2002-2018, the Turkish investments in Poland were 78 million Dollars and the Polish investments in our country were around 36 million Dollars.


Poland is a country that serves its citizens through a wide rail network. In most cities, the main railway station is close to the city center and is plannedly integrated into the local transport system. The railway infrastructure is operated by the Polish State Railways, which is part of the state-run PKP Group. While the eastern part of the country is less developed in terms of railway network, the railway network is much more dense in western and northern Poland. The capital, Warsaw, has the Warsaw Metro, the country's only fast transport system.

The total railway length in Poland is 18.510 km and most of the line is electrified with 3kV DC. The railway is operated by the public and private sectors and the lion's share in the enterprise is in PKP (Polish State Railways). Established in 2001, PKP Group is an 69.422 employee and has a net income of 2017 million dollars in 16.3. PKP Group has 9 companies.

Company name Task
Polskie College Państwowe SA Management company. Manages and supervises the activities of other companies.
PKP Intercity It is a company that transports passengers between major cities and countries.
PKP Szybka College Miejska Gdańsk Główny yolcu is the company that transports passengers on the Rumia line.
PKP Cargo Cargo transportation company.
PKP Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa It is the company that transports cargo on the wide line (1520 mm) in the south of the country.
PKP Telekomunikacja Kolejowa Railway telecommunications company.
PKP Energetyka The company is responsible for the electrification maintenance and repair works of the railway line.
PKP Informatyka It is an information technology company.
PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe The company is responsible for maintenance of infrastructure and superstructure.

In recent years, the economic importance of rail transport in Poland has been increasing. In 2017, PKP carried 4 million passengers, up 304% over the previous year. Freight transport also increased by 8% in comparison to the previous year and reached 240 million tons.

Poland planned to invest 2023 billion dollars for the railway until 16.5. The EU financed 60 of this planned amount. The 7.8 billion dollar investment is still underway and the 1.5 billion dollar investment has been completed recently. 2 billion dollar investment is still at the tender stage.

The investment program is planned to modernize the 9000 km line, to make transportation faster and more reliable with modern signaling systems, and to improve access to the ports in Gdansk, Gdynia, Szczecin and Swinoujscie with the development of intermodal transportation.

PKP plans to modernize the 2023 train station by the end of 200. The cost of this is around 370 million dollars. Since the renewal of the infrastructure and superstructure also requires the renewal of vehicles, PKP Intercity has invested approximately US $ billion in the 1.7 billion investment program, including the purchase of the 185 wagon and the modernization of the 700 wagon, the purchase of the 19 train set, and the modernization of the 14 train set, the 118 electric and diesel locomotive .

There is a need for vehicles for operators who operate regional trains other than PKP. For example, in 2017, the College Mazowieckie (Masovian Railway) went to tender for the 71 set in Warsaw. The value of the tender 550 was the biggest tender in the history of regional railways with a million dollars. The tender winner was Stadler Rail. Stadler Rail has an 10 manufacturing facility with 700 employees in eastern Poland for years. This tender contract was signed in January of 2018. Stadler's bid was higher than the other bids, but the tender included the 15 criteria and the effect of the price was 50%. Alstom also has facilities for 2900 employees in Katowice and Warsaw. Bombardier employs more than 2000 in its facilities and offices in Katowice, Lodz, Warsaw, Wroclaw. Polish vehicle manufacturers include PESA, Newag, Cegielski, Solaris. also BozankayaPanorama's tram system manufacturer, Medcom, a manufacturer of drawframe systems in Poland, employs 230 and% 25 is composed of designers and engineers.

Planned Rail System Lines and Turkish Companies Won Rail System Tenders

Warsaw Underground Line II (Warsaw / Poland) : 6.5 km double line subway 7 underground subway station design, construction & art structures and architectural works, rail works signaling and electromechanical works are within the scope of Gülermak Construction's project. The value of the project is about 925 million euros.

Warsaw Metro Line II (Phase II) (Warsaw / Poland): Gülermak Construction's project includes 2.5 km Double Line Metro, 3 Underground Metro station design, construction & art structures, architectural works, rail works, signaling and electromechanical works.

Olsztyn Tramway Tender: DurmazlarPanorama, which will be produced in the tender won by 210 passenger capacity. In the first stage, with the agreement covering the production of 12 trams, 24 will grow further in the future. The cost of the 12 trolley car tender is approximately 20 million euros.

Warsaw Tram Tender: Hyundai Rotem won the 213 low-floor trolley tender in the following period, there are 90 options. The 428.2 million Euro portion of the 66.87 million tender will be financed by the EU. According to the tender, 60% of tram parts will be procured from Poland and the EU. All draw frame equipment will be provided by the Polish company Medcom, and the data collection equipment will be provided by another Polish company ATM. Hyundai Rotem plans to manufacture 40% of the trams at the plant it plans to build in Poland.

Poland is a good market for Turkey. We need to further develop our mutual trade relations.

Dr. Contact Ilhami directly

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