Sinciang District is a representative of our national culture in a major development and development move. geography homeland of Turks in this region, not to the Turkish-Chinese decomposition, and cooperation for mutual development in the Asian Century Turkey should be served as a bridge between the Chinese government.
China's 152 'Generation and Road Initiative (BRI)', 21, will bring the country together in commercial, industrial and socio-cultural fields. It is a major initiative that will fundamentally transform and change the geopolitics of the century, especially within the framework of heart-to-edge generation relations. The initiative is only six years old but it has gone a long way. 7 on September 2013 was announced by President Xi Jingping before the 'Belt (Silk Road Economic Belt)' initiative in Kazakhstan. A month later, this time in Indonesia, the 'Sea Silk Road' initiative was originally announced to connect the South Asian coastal states. However, this route soon extended to Latin America with the Mediterranean, African coast and Pacific Ocean states.
FIVE MAIN GOALS OF THE INITIATIVE
According to Xi Jingping, the initiative has five main objectives: political co-ordination; Talent development; Facilitation and freedom of trade; Financial cooperation; Peoples rapprochement. The initiative will serve not only globalization but also poverty alleviation. China will integrate the poor western part of the world, while the rich coastal region will be able to share surplus production through trade with the 152 country.
With this initiative, China aims to use foreign exchange reserves effectively, economic reform, deep integration with the global economy and energy security. Of course, their main goal is industrial development and sustainability.
OBOR INITIATIVE AND MARSHALL ASSISTANCE
It is impossible for such a large economic project to have no geopolitical consequences. Port, rail and road infrastructure investments will inevitably affect the geo strategy. Through these projects, China's political sphere of influence will surely expand and this will create geopolitical breaks. Although some Western scholars have compared the OBOR initiative to Marshall Aid, both are actually incomparably separate projects. While the US loan to recover Europe burned down during World War II was $ 130 billion, the Belt and Road Initiative only invested $ 4 billion in the last 230 year. In 2025, the volume of trade in OBOR is expected to be 2,5 trillion dollars.
THE IMPORTANCE OF TURKEY AND PRIORITY WILL INCREASE
Turkey was declared in the year 2013 Belt and Road Initiative 'Central Corridor' Caspian Sea which gave the name 'Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway line is supported through. In this field, an intergovernmental memorandum of understanding has been signed in 2015. The Kars-Edirne High Speed Railway that will strengthen this line will be developed in partnership with China with a budget of roughly 3 billion dollars. This black silk road to cross the line activities (Generation) will increase Turkey's importance and priority. However, this route should affect Turkey's great potential towards the sea, unlike silk should be complementary. The rail can be faster than the maritime. However, it should be kept in mind that in the present circumstances it is still three times more expensive than the seaway and at the same time carries a load that is comparable to a ship. World maritime trade loads around 11 billion tons today. In 2030 these loads will be 25 billion tons. So maritime transport will maintain its undisputed superior position. Turkey, peninsular geography and why you take the necessary share of this growing maritime traffic with unique geostrategic position? The most appropriate method of shipping for this share is container transportation. container transport in Turkey is rapidly developing. The capacity of the Marmara region alone was 6 million TEU. 15 was almost negligible in transit cargoes years ago. Completed the integration of railway roadway for container transit freight increase, hinterland convenient large ports, must integrate into China initiative. Access to Europe, the Balkans, Southern Russia, the Caucasus and the ports that will be integrated into the railway projects that will connect the Third Bridge, Marmaray and Eurasian tunnels, Çanakkale 18 Mart Bridge and 2030 in the east-west and north-south axes of the Anatolian peninsula. will be able to offer the greatest ease.
THE LARGEST AND WIDEEST LOGISTICS CENTER
The Belt and Road Initiative is also important for China's internal dynamics. First, it aims to alleviate the imbalance between the developed seashore and underdeveloped land. In this context, we can say that Sinciang Uyghur Autonomous Region is the most striking region.
Sinciang is an autonomous region in the northwest of the mainland of China. This region, which is adjacent to Central Asian countries, has a homogeneous religious and cultural structure and also has very rich natural resources. Therefore, it is one of the most important regions in China's economic geography. On the other hand, ethnic and religious centered problem areas exist between Uighur Muslims and Han Chinese. In recent years, the Chinese central government has made huge investments in the development of the Sinciang Uyghur autonomous region. This situation caused the migration of Han Chinese people living in the surrounding regions to the region due to new job opportunities and thus increased ethnic tension.
PAKISTAN-CHINA ECONOMIC CORRIDOR
Today, Sinciang Province stands out as the gateway to West Asia and Central Asia among the most important centers of China's generation and road initiative. Sinciang of the road transport from the region, including Turkey, extend to Europe. This is the largest and largest logistics center in the belt and road initiative. For example, the South Sinciang railway line starts from Kashgar and provides connections through the Pakistan-China economic corridor (CPEC). The Sinciang Autonomous Region has developed with huge investments since 2016. There was only $ 50 billion investment in Korla region. Region (CPEC) China is the gateway to Central Asia as the gateway to the Pakistani economic corridor, which combines the maritime silk route with Central Asia. It is a big logistics center or port within a kind of land. Nowadays, CPEC has become one of the most important goals of imperialism, which will reduce China's dependence on the Strait of Malacca and create a geopolitical game-changing effect. Functional effectiveness of CPEC will be undermined by problem areas with high potential for conflict in the region, especially the Kashmir problem. Let us hope that India under the influence of China and Pakistan under the influence of Russia will not fall into this trap that will serve US interests in the region.
On the other hand, Sinciang District, which is in a great development and development move, is a representative of our national culture. geography homeland of Turks in this region, Turkey - not to decompose China, for mutual development and cooperation in the Asian Century Turkey it should be served as a bridge between the Chinese government.
USED EVERY TERM BY US
The problems faced by the Sinciang District and ethnic Uyghur people in the region have been used by the USA in every period to deal with China's abuse and domestic problems. Unfortunately, this problem area for many years in Turkey - Turkish relations in the development of China has kept its place as the most important obstacle. Unfortunately, the Turkish institution in the area of Atlantic influence and attraction has been able to honor these provocations, which were confused and encouraged by US intelligence agencies. This type of incitement played an important role in China's decision to close its consulate in Izmir in February 2019.
'TURKEY' One China 's policy is'
In this context, the successful results of the President's visit to China at the beginning of July 2019 began to bear fruit. During this visit, the President made the following comments on the Uyghur issue:
"Turkey," depends on only one China 'policy. We know the importance our Chinese friends attach to this and we take our steps with this sensitivity. But Turkey from the Balkans to Central Asia, there are countries and communities in Africa is far from the kinship and brotherhood in South East Asia. Although the borders of our country are 780 thousand square kilometers, the geography of the heart is much wider. Turkey's to follow the developments occurring in these lands is quite natural. Sinciang Uygur Autonomous Region is a geography where our nation has deep cultural, historical and human ties. We have tens of thousands of Uighur citizens living in different cities of our country for years. We want our fellow citizens in the Sinciang Uygur Autonomous Region to live in peace, tranquility, prosperity and freedom as an integral part of China. Therefore, we take care to work in cooperation with the Chinese authorities. ”
Turkey, the area under the mortgage provocation in our relations with China should not have sleep problems Sinciang. The Turkish-Chinese rapprochement, which has reached a strategic level since 2010, will make a major contribution to world peace and the Asian century. The following statement by the President after his meeting with Xi Jingping is important for the future:
"Turkey-China relations in all areas we agree on a long-term approach and a strategic perspective to reinforce the point. Thousands year relationship with ancient civilizations connected by the Silk Road on the board I believe that Turkey and China have great potential for strengthening cooperation. 'One China' policy is of strategic importance for Turkey. This time my visit to China is taking place at a time of mounting challenges for global peace and stability. strengthening of Turkey-China relations, it will also provide a large and diverse contributions to regional and global stability. "
Source: AMİRAL CEM GÜRDENİZ- Bright