We will try to answer the question of Who is a Machinist and How to Become a Machinist. A mechanic is a person who performs the duties of driving electric, diesel or steam railway locomotives carrying passengers or freight. High Speed Train YHT drivers have to take a more special training. During the voyage, the mechanic manages the train and all responsibility belongs to the mechanic.
DUTIES OF MACHINERY
- Lubricates the mechanical parts of the locomotive and takes necessary safety measures,
- Operates the locomotive and follows the movement orders, timetables, signals from the pointer and other railway personnel along the way and controls the movement of the train,
- Supervises other employees working in the locomotive,
- Carries out small repairs and adjustments during travel,
- After the end of the journey, it keeps a report and fills the related books (incident book, etc.).
TOOLS AND MATERIALS USED
- Locomotive (Steam, Diesel, Electric, Diesel-Electric),
- Motion models,
- Screwdrivers, pliers, key sets, various tools,
- Occurrence book (the book in which problems arise).
SPECIFICATIONS REQUIRED BY THE CAREER
Those who want to be a mechanic;
- Can use eye-hand and feet in coordination,
- Can react to stimuli very quickly,
- Can perceive a lot of things at a time,
- Careful, responsible, cold-blooded,
- Distinguish colors,
- Good physical, mental health,
- They should be people with mechanical abilities who like to deal with machines.
WORKING ENVIRONMENT AND CONDITIONS
The mechanics are obliged to travel because they work in the area of railway transportation. The mechanics must be at work during the day, at the weekend or at the festivities and to sit down and manage the locomotive. In rare cases, train accidents may occur. The dispatcher is in communication with the train chief, the switchman and the locomotive employees.
WORKING AREAS AND WORKING OPPORTUNITIES
Professionals can work mainly in Turkish State Railways and sugar factories, iron and steel factories and in-city rail passenger transport. The increasing population brings along the problem of mass transport. One of the most economical and safe means of mass transportation is the train. In our country, freight or passenger transportation by rail is not at the desired level. Since railway transportation is very important for the development of a country, it is a necessity to make important attacks in this field in our country. The development and modernization of railways means that more mechanics work at the same time.
PLACES OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
The training of the mechanic profession is provided in the in-service training centers affiliated to the General Directorate of TCDD. In addition, graduates of industry vocational high schools are trained with in-service training.
CONDITIONS FOR PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
At least primary school graduates are required for vocational education. In addition, it is necessary to get a sound committee report from TCDD Hospitals.
DURATION AND CONTENT OF EDUCATION
Training of the mechanic profession at the General Directorate of TCDD; 18 for TCDD Vocational High School graduate is 3 year for industrial vocational high school graduates. Those who have graduated from Industrial Vocational High School and who have passed the examination of the assistant mechanic opened by the General Directorate of Turkish State Railways (TCDD) have the opportunity to become a mechanic by participating in in-service training and courses. In order to do this, 3 month internship study is carried out until the theoretical work, as well as the driver's license as an assistant engineer. At the end of the internship, those who are successful in the examination will be given the license of the engineer.
The graduates of the newly graduated TCDD Vocational High School and the industrial vocational high school graduates who are taken by the open exams start their jobs as assistant mechanics. After a period of in-service training, they receive the title of mechanic. Those who receive a diploma (Brove) as a mechanist can continue as a master engineer.
SCHOLARSHIP, CREDIT AND WAGE STATUS
In the in-service training carried out by the General Directorate of TCDD, the salaries of the Civil Servants Law no. 657 for vocational high school graduates are paid monthly. assignment of permanent staff started working as a mechanic or made in the form of contract staff, who made the appointment as special compensation staffed with a gross monthly fee and receive around 2 times the minimum wage. Contracted employees receive monthly wages in amounts ranging from 4 to 5 of the net minimum wage.