From 1856 to 1923, the 4.136 kilometer railway was inherited from the Ottoman period. During the Republican period, railway investments were accelerated and approximately 3.000 km railway was built. Until 1950, the total 3.764 kilometer railway network was reached. During this period, passenger transport was 42% and freight transport was 68%. After the 1940 year, the progress of the iron networks, which decelerated after the end of the 1950 period, had a long period of pause for more than half a century.
This period of steel rails succumbed to rubber wheels, but also took a few steps towards nationalization. KARAKURT produced in Eskişehir and BOZKURT produced in Sivas went down in history as the first domestic steam locomotive and the Revolution car produced in Eskişehir as the first domestic car.
The 1950 year was a turning point for railways at a time when hopes were lost in the neglected rail and urban rail transport systems from 2003 to 2003.
In this new period, the 2023 targets were set and there were great improvements in the steel rails. TCDD's allowance was increased, abandoned to rot in the dustbin projects deducted from the individual shelf will move the last 15 years railways in Turkey in the future giant projects were implemented and began making very large investments. Since 2003, 60 billion TL has been invested in iron rails and the investments continue in full swing. Turkey, met with the YHT 2009 in the opening service of the Ankara-Eskisehir line, and the world 8, 6 while in Europe. YHT technology using the country rose to the position. We have recaptured the train that we missed after 1950 with High Speed Train investments.
While the initiative of introducing its capital Eskişehir-Konya-Karaman-İstanbul-Sivas-Bursa-İzmir-Erzincan by High Speed Train was successfully carried out, on the other hand, MARMARAY was connected to Asia and Europe. The 150 annual dream, the Silk Road project, has been realized through the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) line. Marmaray project and ICTA up to London from Beijing to ensure uninterrupted rail transport ranging all over the world and was indicative of the evolving face of Turkey's future.
Investments of the ministry of transport increased from 2003% 17 in 2013 to 45% in 46. After Ankara-Eskişehir, Ankara-Konya, Konya-Karaman-Eskişehir and Ankara-İstanbul high-speed train lines; Ankara - Izmir, Ankara - Sivas, Ankara - Bursa YHT lines will be completed soon and our 15 province, which corresponds to XNUMX% of the population of the country, will be connected with each other and the number of long-term commercial, cultural and touristic visits will be increased.
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