According to the distribution of modes of transport in Turkey's foreign trade value by sea transport we examine the basis of the percentage of xnumx's, the 62 percent by road, by air, we see that the 23 percent. The rail transport, which we mentioned at every point, only has a percentage of 14.
As UTİKAD, we emphasize that this ratio should be increased in all platforms we have been talking about for a long time. Because when we look at the logistics sector in the world, we know that railway transportation will have an effective role in the 'intermodal transportation'.
However, I would like to share with you the distinction adopted by UTIKAD regarding the transportation terminology before specifying why intermodal transport is important. In 2001, the term taşımacılık Multimodal taşımacılık, ”intermodal“, ”combined transport al and“ road-rail transport Transport were defined in the document, Terminology on Combined Transport a published by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, but existing definitions in the document were confusing. .
All three terms were used interchangeably in the relevant departments of logistics companies. A study was carried out by the UTIKAD Railway and Intermodal Working Group, which suggested that these definitions should be updated, and instead, the proposed definitions were communicated to the UN Economic Commission for Europe as well as to the General Directorate of Dangerous Goods and Combined Transport Regulation of the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure.
In the proposed definition; While tır Combined Transport al is positioned as the top title, multimodal and intermodal transportation has taken place as subheadings. The difference between the two terms is by UTIKAD; Tır It is called as multimodal if the product inside the transport container is handled, if the container / container or the vehicle in which the product is placed is called intermodal if it is handled while switching between transportation modes geçiş. According to these definitions; 'Multimode / Multimodal Transportation is a transport system using two or more modes of transport, where the loads are handled directly in mode changes.' 'Intermodal Transport' is the transportation system where two or more transportation modes are used with the same transport vehicle or container, the vehicles or containers in which the cargoes are placed and the cargoes are not handled.
After making the right definition at this point, it is important to underline that intermodal transportation has much greater advantages in terms of the sector. Considering the advantages of intermodal transportation in terms of the sector, it is seen that the reduction of handling costs, minimization of the damages due to decreasing handling movements and thus increasing the competitiveness are the main factors.
Energy and fuel efficiency and intermodal transport are more environmentally friendly. Reducing the traffic density on highways is one of the most important advantages of our national borders. In addition to this, Turkey can optimize the national and international markets and to assist in transport prices in the international transport corridor to be one of the logistic base in intermodal transport is to the forefront.
In 2018, there has been a very important development that demonstrates the necessity of supporting intermodal transport. The opening of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line, which we believe will open the way for the Turkish logistics sector, has turned its eyes into intermodal transport. The completion of ICTA is not only important for the Turkish logistics sector, but also for the foreign trade activities of the country. This line has also played an important role in the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, although it has been included in the minds of China as a line that will ensure uninterrupted transport from China to China under the Belt and Road Project. At the same time the BTK (Baku-Tbilisi-Kars) with our southern ports via maritime links will be established in North Africa, Viking Black Sea and Baltic Sea Train connection lines are emerging as important for Turkey. Speed and claimed that Turkey's export center provides a competitive advantage in terms of cost through this line will be further strengthened.
In addition to these developments, when we look at the investments of the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure, we see that the railways have the biggest share. Scheduled to open at the beginning of March Halkalı-Gebze Marmaray line will open new pages in front of the sector hope. The rebuilding of our country with iron nets will make a big difference not only in passenger transportation but also in freight transportation.
At this point, as UIKAD, we should always support the sector with the incentives for constructing correctly constructed logistic centers and increasing intermodal transport. UTIKAD's worldwide accepted, environmentalist and economic transport mode will continue to work in the coming periods.
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UTİKAD Chairman of the Board