Turkey's first celebrated 144 years of history, the world's second subway tunnels. IETT General Manager Dr. Dr. Tünel at the ceremony held at Karaköy Station. Ahmet Bağış, Assistant General Managers Hasan Özçelik, Hayri Haberdar, Abdullah Kazdal, AK Party Beyoğlu Mayor Candidate Haydar Ali Yıldız, Department Heads, Managers, employees and Tunnel passengers attended.
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Center for the Handicapped (ISEM) At the end of the program celebrated with the concert of Mehteran Group, participants were given salep service. In addition, nostalgic cards were presented to the passengers for the anniversary.
90 seconds journey
The construction of the historic Tünel, the second subway in the world after London, begins with the initiative of French engineer Eugene Henri Gavand. Gavand, who came to Istanbul as a tourist, prepares a railway project that will connect Pera, the heart of the social life, with Galata, the commercial and banking center of the period, and the presence of Sultan Abdülaziz Han. Tunnel, whose operating period is determined as 42 year, is built with build-operate-transfer model and opened in January of 1875. When Tünel, which operates with a steam system, starts the expedition, the wooden wagons with two sides open are illuminated by gas lamps as there is no electricity. In the years of the Second World War, some of the materials are not separated from their passengers for a while. In 1971 it is completely renewed and electrified. The 573 meters distance between Karaköy and Beyoğlu is doubled by 90 in seconds.