The Association of International Transport and Logistics Service Producers met with members of the press. EMIKA Emre Eldener, Vice Chairman Turgut Erkeskin and Cihan Yusufi, Board Members Ayşem Ulusoy, Berna Akyıldız, Cihan Özkal, Ekin Tırman, Nil Tunaşar, Rıdvan Haliloğlu, Serkan Eren and General Manager Cavit Uğur attended.
Emre Eldener, Chairman of the Board of Directors of UTIKAD, evaluated the logistics sector in line with international indexes. President Eldener, as well as Turkey's foreign trade target, developments that have occurred in the sector in 2018, 2019 in UTIKAD's initiatives and shared their expectations regarding the logistics industry.
In 2018, Emre Eldener, Chairman of the Board of Directors of UTIKAD, stated that there is a significant decline in the volume of imports of foreign trade. Dile Our imports in foreign trade fell to $ 170 billion and import export figures almost equaled. . It is very pleasing that we have reached the highest rates ever in export figures. Turkey has the largest export destination and NGOs, exporters, manufacturers, focused on trying to get better results in all organs of the public. The upcoming 4-5 is expected to reach much higher figures over the years. This situation is very promising. Bu
THE SIZE OF THE LOGISTICS SECTOR 372 BILLION TL
He continued, lüğü The size of the Turkish logistics sector was 2017 billion in 300. According to PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers), the size of the sector is 2018 billion in 372. This figure corresponds to 12 percent of GDP. This shows that the logistics sector is a sine qua non for Turkey's economy.
When the transport method according to the value of goods In the 2018 examined 65 percent of transport by sea, transport by airline percent 12, 22 percent of transport by road, while transport by rail was recorded rate 1 percent. However, looking at the transportation method made in terms of tonnage percentages 89 sea transportation, overland transportation 9 percent, air transport and rail transport 1 percent took place as 1 percent.
Imports and exports total container handling decreased significantly on TEU basis compared to the previous year. In the 2007 years 2017 from xnumx'y observed while xnumx't percent increase over the figures for the last two months of the year, we add value in the 10 60 years there was an impending recession. The most important reason for this was the decline in imports. This decline in imports significantly affected the number of maritime imports. 2018 percent of exports of container handling port in Turkey, 2015 percent of imports, transit percent of 24, 48 So we see that while coasting. Turkey, the number of containers due to its geographic location and port infrastructure in particular has the potential for much higher figures in the transit transport interests. With the simplifications to be made in the customs processes, we can use Turkish ports as a very serious transfer port in third countries.
After 2012, there has been a significant decrease in the tonnage of railways. This decline actually shows us our losses in the Middle East. Due to the closed lines, railways are less preferred for European transports. However, I think this will change in the coming period.
In terms of Turkey's railway it is seen as an important potential and our infrastructure we're improving with each passing day. It is possible to reach with extremely suitable numbers. Because this is a target that the public puts itself at. On the other hand, the rail is the most cost-effective way to transport after sea.
On the highway, the 2018 of 22 and the 34 of imports are XNUMX. These foreign plates have a significant share in Turkish road transport. In our exports, our cost per ton is very low compared to imports. Sell cheap goods, buy expensive goods. Imports fell and we are carrying empty vehicles due to the decline in imports from Europe. Therefore, we need to give importance to the export of high value-added goods.
We are in a considerable place in airline cargo transportation with serious breakthroughs of Turkish Airlines. Even THY's goal is to become one of the five most important cargo transportation companies in the world in the short term. It is a target that can be realized with the launch of Istanbul Airport. I believe that the declining tonnage figures in 2019 will increase again in the last year. X
TURKEY LOGISTICS PERFORMANCE INDEX 47. CUT
Emre Eldener,, 2007 in 34 according to yıl Logistics Performance Index (LPI). in Turkey, which in the year 2012 27. but after this year there was a decline. In the 2018 47 Turkey. ranks. 2012 years was that Turkey is the best but at the moment we're behind it too. It's not impossible if it's back to the way it was. The public has also made it a state policy for a re-emergence and set our place in LPI as the key performance criterion. This means total struggle related to the fall back.
At the beginning of the factors that bring us down to the LPI customs criteria are coming. Factors such as blockages in the customs and costs are effective in this. However, studies on the problems in customs processes are continuing. We are good as infrastructure, but unfortunately, there are regressions in the international shipment criteria. The quality of logistics services is also one of the declining titles. There is an increase in the criteria of traceability and traceability of the shipments. We attribute this to the industry's rapid adaptation to technology and the correct assessment of the advantages of technology.
An action plan was created in a workshop to raise our place in the Logistics Performance Index. We also provided additional suggestions for the issues identified in that workshop. These;
• Transportation Organizers firms through services of customs brokers, can offer their customers domestic and overseas customs services as a complement to other services
• Changing risk analysis criteria to speed up the process, especially in transit loads
• Establishment of dual education system in logistics sector
• Automatic delivery of summary declaration warehouse approvals via EDI system following the arrival of the cargoes. •
SERVICE EXPORTERS 42 FIRM MEMBER
TIM determined each year by Turkey's 500 is Eldener indicating that UTIKAD member of xnumx's the largest exporter of services, "that five years after a forecast said 42 billion dollars from services exporter and Services Exporters in one of the sectors most will develop within the sectors covered by Union de Transport and logistics sector. Currently, the 150 large service exporter's total service exports are around 500 billion dollars and the 23 billion dollars 2,4 UTİKAD company is providing this. This figure does not fall, then increases. We are also taking an active role in the management of the Service Exporters Association. Ayrıca
COST OF THE TIR TOWERS IN KAPIKULE IS MORE THAN 35 MILLION EURO
The problems in Kapikule are discussed every year, but still can not come to the desired stage indicating that Eldener, this year with the Vice President Fuat Oktay said they have expressed at the meeting and said the following; Biz We always talk to the logistics of the TIR queues at Kapikule. In fact, exporters are the ones who will relax most when the issue is solved. The average waiting time of each vehicle on weekends is two days. The daily delay of a vehicle cost 150 Euro. Kapikule'den 2 thousand 450 vehicles are passing per day. Pending week due to waiting 735 thousand Euro. This results in a cost of more than 35 million euros per year. This is the loss of all of us, the loss of national income. But the issue is beyond that. Customers in Europe cannot be guaranteed on time delivery. The quality of the service received in Kapikule is rendered in Europe. This also leads to customer, investor and competition loss. Bu
3 Mayor Eldener also mentioned the airport planned to be transported in March and stated that the rent received per square meter is 100 Euro and that these wages are very high and the rents should be determined on TL basis and they are in contact with the authorities on this issue.
In her speech, Eldener said, ğı The work done by the Transportation Organizers was taken in a framework with the Transport Organization. The framework for how to do the work was drawn by the public and the legislation to be commissioned in January was determined by 1. However, a single authorization fee fee was requested for the receipt of this document. Then we met with the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure and we would like to enter into force of the Regulation on Transport Affairs Organizer, our small and medium size companies will be postponed due to the difficulties they will face in paying the high authority certificate fee of 150 thousand TL and our demand was postponed for six months. However, we continue to convey our demands to the public to reduce this high document wage to a symbolic figure, which will disrupt the financial balance of thousands of companies. Ancak
PREVIOUSLY TRANSFORMATION SUMMIT WILL BE IN SEPTEMBER
Eldener said that the logistics sector is a sector that is close to the technology. I give veriy he said.
ER WE THINK THAT WE NEED CREATING SYNERGY WITH STAKEHOLDERS “
Emre Eldener underlined that UTIKAD pays great attention to meeting with sector stakeholders in 2018. Em We think that the synergy created with our sector stakeholders has a positive contribution to our country's economy. Especially Chamber Turkey created by customers of the logistics industry and Commodity Exchanges (TOBB), Istanbul Chamber of Commerce (ITO), Foreign Economic Relations Board (DEIK), the Association of Independent Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (MUSIAD) our relationships with institutions such as very important for us. Our exporter because both countries in both world economic downturn, our importers and foreign trade activities conducted our business people arm in arm, shoulder to shoulder, we believe we will overcome, "he said.
EXPECTATIONS IN 2019
Eldener ended his speech by explaining his expectations of 2019 and listed these expectations as follows:
• Improvement of logistics and customs processes to improve LPI criteria
• Transit trade is facilitated and Turkey gets the share it deserves
• New Customs Law is enacted to speed up customs processes and reduce bureaucracy
• Promotion of combined transport
• Ensuring smooth access to Istanbul Airport
• Turkey Completion of Logistics Master Plan study
• Increased utilization of the logistics sector by incentives
• Development of e-commerce
• Adaptation to the industry of the possibilities of the industry 4.0 and Blockchain technology.
After the presentation of Emre Eldener, the Chairman of UTİKAD, the questions of the press were answered. President Eldener and UTIKAD Board members answered in detail in questions related to Kapikule problems, customs processes and the concordaties in logistics sector.