The weather got cold, there's a flu pandemic. In particular, experts point out crowded places and public transport. But do you know that there are other dangers in vehicles like metrobus? Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Serdar Kalemci gave important information about tuberculosis microbe.
Tuberculosis, in other words, known as the common tuberculosis, sneak without adversity itself. Tuberculosis microbe acts as the weakest moment of a person. The disease can also occur after 1 months, 10 years later da The microbes can wait for a long time before your body resistance drops. Medical Park Gebze Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Serdar Kalemci explained how malaria is infected.
CANNOT BE PUNCTURE AND COUPLING
TB (tuberculosis) microbe can stay alive in the air for a long time in the sun. Ultraviolet rays from the sun kill the microbe in a short time. For this reason, people living in crowded places, inadequate to ventilate, the sun does not enter the environment is the most risky environment for transmission. Busy vehicles such as metrobus, bus, airplane are risky places. Tuberculosis, also known as 'thin disease' in our country, can be easily transmitted by respiration, such as influenza. The microbe passes only with the droplet infection, apart from the towels, forks, knives, or food that the person uses. When the patient is normally speaking, coughing, or sneezing, the droplets spread to the environment through the respiratory tract.
WHO ARE UNDER RISK?
The microbe begins to damage organs if the person's body resistance is low. Patients with organ transplants, cancer, kidney, liver, heart disease, diabetes, COPD and asthma are the risk group. Malnutrition, obesity, smoking and sleep disorders also weaken immunity. Tuberculosis microbes are transmitted to the body as soon as possible by observing these moments.
However, in the 30 of tuberculosis patients, the tuberculosis microbe can reach the lungs. Only one percent of these patients may have tuberculosis at some time in their lives. Accordingly, the risk of developing TB disease in contact with a patient with tuberculosis is very low compared to the diseases like influenza. On the other hand, in particular, children, the elderly, other people with reduced body resistance or those using drugs that reduce body resistance should be particularly careful.
MAY BE SIGNED OF MASS!
Tuberculosis is most commonly involved in the lung and is seen with the findings of that organ. The most common symptoms of tuberculosis are cough, prolonged sputum, fever, night sweats, fatigue, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite. Patients may not have any complaints. Tuberculosis not only in the lungs, but in all organs can cause disease. For example, a single, large, rigid nodule on the neck may suggest tuberculosis. The complaint of anorexia may also be associated with tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract.
DANGER EVEN IF YOUR WORK FRIEND!
The highest risk of disease development is in the first two years. The most risky people in terms of infection are family members and their close colleagues who live in the same environment for a long time with the patient. The patient should walk with a mask at the first 2 week of treatment. The mask can then be removed. People who live together at home must be checked for disease. In order to precisely kill the tuberculosis microbe and prevent it from causing the disease to multiply, at least 4 should be used initially. According to the results of sputum controls, the number of drugs will be reduced after 2 or 3 months.
TREATMENT IS IN LAST 6 MOON
Since the tuberculosis microbus grows much more slowly than other microbes, it is important that medicines are used for a long time and regularly. The total duration of treatment is at least 6 months. During this time, tuberculosis and lung film controls are performed in Tuberculosis Dispensaries. If the patient does not use their medicines regularly, microbes develop resistance to drugs. Treatment of this type of disease called 'resistant tuberculosis' is much more difficult; A large number of drugs need to be used 18-24 months. For this reason, it is the most effective treatment method for taking the medicines to the patient by the health personnel or responsible person. In this way, it is ensured that patients receive regular medication without interruption. In our country, all drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis have been met by the Ministry of Health for many years and patients are given free of charge through Tuberculosis Dispensaries. (Source : SPOKESMAN)