The weather got cold, there's a flu pandemic. In particular, experts point out crowded places and public transport. But do you know that there are other dangers in vehicles like metrobus? Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Serdar Kalemci gave important information about tuberculosis microbe.
Tuberculosis, in other words, known as the common tuberculosis, sneak without adversity itself. Tuberculosis microbe acts as the weakest moment of a person. The disease can also occur after 1 months, 10 years later da The microbes can wait for a long time before your body resistance drops. Medical Park Gebze Hospital Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Serdar Kalemci explained how malaria is infected.
CANNOT BE PUNCTURE AND COUPLING
Tuberculosis (tuberculosis) microbe can survive in the air for a long time in sunless environments. Ultraviolet rays from the sun will kill the tuberculosis microbe in a short time. For this reason, the environments where people live in crowd, have poor ventilation, do not enter the sun are the most risky environments for transmission. Crowded transportation vehicles such as metrobus, bus, plane are risky places. Also known as 'thin disease' in our country, tuberculosis can easily be transmitted through breathing like flu. The microbe passes only with droplet infection, other than the towel, fork, knife or food used by the person. When the sick person is talking normally, coughing or sneezing, the droplets that are spread through the environment are transmitted to the body of the other person by breathing.
WHO ARE UNDER RISK?
The microbe begins to damage organs if the person's body resistance is low. Patients with organ transplants, cancer, kidney, liver, heart disease, diabetes, COPD and asthma are the risk group. Malnutrition, obesity, smoking and sleep disorders also weaken immunity. Tuberculosis microbes are transmitted to the body as soon as possible by observing these moments.
However, in the 30 of tuberculosis patients, the tuberculosis microbe can reach the lungs. Only one percent of these patients may have tuberculosis at some time in their lives. Accordingly, the risk of developing TB disease in contact with a patient with tuberculosis is very low compared to the diseases like influenza. On the other hand, in particular, children, the elderly, other people with reduced body resistance or those using drugs that reduce body resistance should be particularly careful.
MAY BE SIGNED OF MASS!
Tuberculosis is most commonly involved in the lung and is seen with the findings of that organ. The most common symptoms of tuberculosis are cough, prolonged sputum, fever, night sweats, fatigue, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite. Patients may not have any complaints. Tuberculosis not only in the lungs, but in all organs can cause disease. For example, a single, large, rigid nodule on the neck may suggest tuberculosis. The complaint of anorexia may also be associated with tuberculosis of the gastrointestinal tract.
DANGER EVEN IF YOUR WORK FRIEND!
The highest risk of disease development is in the first two years. The most risky people in terms of infection are family members and their close colleagues who live in the same environment for a long time with the patient. The patient should walk with a mask at the first 2 week of treatment. The mask can then be removed. People who live together at home must be checked for disease. In order to precisely kill the tuberculosis microbe and prevent it from causing the disease to multiply, at least 4 should be used initially. According to the results of sputum controls, the number of drugs will be reduced after 2 or 3 months.
TREATMENT IS IN LAST 6 MOON
It is important to use the drugs for a long time and regularly, since the tuberculosis microbe grows much slower than other microbes. Total duration of treatment is at least 6 months. During this period, sputum and lung film controls are performed in Tuberculosis Dispensaries. If the patient does not use their drugs regularly, microbes develop resistance to drugs. Treatment is much more difficult in this type of disease, which we call 'resistant tuberculosis'; a large number of drugs need to be used for 18-24 months. For this reason, it is the most effective treatment for drugs to be given to the patient by the healthcare professional or a responsible person. In this way, it is ensured that the patients take the medicines regularly without disruption. All drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis in our country have been met by the Ministry of Health for years and are given to patients free of charge through Tuberculosis Dispensaries. (Source : SPOKESMAN)