Turkey told the transportation and logistics sector of major professional organizations of the International Transportation and Logistics Service Providers Association Chairman Emre Senel Ozdemir Eldener www.yesillojistikciler.com the outstanding problems of the sector. UTIKAD President Eldener, the agenda of the logistics and transportation sector issues as follows: Kapıkule TIR queues, physical control of transit cargo, air cargo CIF application, TIO Regulation, Istanbul Airport, warehouses, import loads, Logistics Performance Index AD
TIR TAILS EFFECT EVERYONE THAT WORKS OUT OF FOREIGN TRADE
What is important topics featured 5 of the logistics industry in Turkey today, according to you?
The first issue; bottlenecks in export customs. Especially in Kapıkule, which is one of the largest land customs in the world, waiting for up to two days negatively affects not only the logistics sector but all exporters, in other words, those dealing with foreign trade. I recently went to Bulgaria by car. You can feel the negativity when you see the TIR tail that starts from the center of Edirne and extends to Kapikule. The same is happening on the Bulgarian side. In other words, our vehicles are delayed in imports. A TIR driver can leave the job if he / she lives twice. Indeed, on the international shipping side, there is a serious problem in finding 15 drivers. This problem needs to be solved. Because we make in terms of Turkey shorten transit time of delivery we are much more competitive. Expectations at border gates delay deliveries and make them expensive. We work with the International Transporters Association (UND). You already have to act as a single voice. However, as UTİKAD, we have raised this issue with the 35-4 ministry and now we think that it is a matter above the ministers, and at the highest level, we also brought up Mr. Vice President Fuat Oktay. We forwarded a file to him on the subject, we explained with examples. We think that a positive path will be taken even if this issue is not solved in the future.
Why the long queues experienced in TR Agility stems Did you think Turkey from Bulgaria did you?
For me, this problem stems from problems on both sides. The queues for the duty-free fuel oil supply, the time taken for the customs treatment, the lack of pump number, the extra security measures due to the recent refugee problem and similar issues, The Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Agriculture and Environment There are many different ministries. In order for the problem to be solved, it is necessary to do the same work on the Bulgarian side, not only the Turkish side. In this respect, Sabancı University conducted many different simulations on the subject. We also shared these with the authorities.
Do you think TIR tails also affect investments?
This problem can affect even the investors to invest in Turkey. Because an investor to a point where delivery times in Europe in any way a part of who can not hold his hand to produce, Turkey may choose instead to invest in the Balkans.
PHYSICAL CONTROL OF TRANSIT LOADS
What are the other issues on your agenda?
The second issue is the installation made our transit through Turkey. In both transits of ports and transits made by port + highway or highway + highway, there is a condition of physical control of goods in general. So although incoming goods will never do so in Turkey to be a transit entry is checked physically by the customs. We believe that it would be better to carry out only paperwork checks if there is no notice. Because Turkey will enter cost of goods and means of physical control delay the process. Because the customs officers themselves need to do this job. Already a limited number of customs officers also have to deal with these jobs and our export gates are delayed our operations. In addition to this, the cost of the cost of the Turkish ports or customs in the world because of the transit transfers means less will be used. So we're probably losing business to Greece's Port of Piraeus, Port Said Port of Egypt. However, in Mersin or Izmir, we can do these transplants very easily. On the other hand, there is a plan for 3 shift work of customs in the export foot. We think that this will come into effect soon and it will be very useful. We are trying to remove barriers to exports.
EK ISTANBUL AIRPORT WILL BRING US OTHER OPPORTUNITIES “
The third is the transition to the new airport. The 29 will take place in December, although the 31 is an opening in October. 31 is interested in UTİKAD members very soon on December. Maybe because we like 95-xnumx's percent of air cargo traffic in Turkey as a member UTIKAD it has handled almost all of the structures. Therefore, we are in direct and direct contact with IGA and airlines. New cargo agency building was built. Location allocations are started, contracts are signed. As of the end of the year, agencies will start to make transactions with their own staff in the offices they rent. Istanbul Airport will bring us other opportunities. Firstly, there is a shortage of slots at Atatürk Airport; In other words, the airport is not allowed to operate because of the maximum capacity. With the commissioning of Istanbul Airport, will search for space and slot facilities. Due to the principle of reciprocity slots to airlines wishing to fly to Turkey places and opportunities that can be offered. In China, for example, Turkish airlines will be given more destinations and more frequent flights. This will increase the supply of the new airport will increase competition and supply and in conjunction with these new airlines flight to Turkey. I think this will be reflected in prices and service. So importers and exporters from this business will certainly be profitable in the medium term. Of course, the time will show, but our predictions are in this direction.
Our fourth subject; There are close to 1000 warehouse in Turkey. It must be given a certain proportion of 580 CA certificate guarantees and customs duties for goods from the warehouse in Turkey. This is either the importer or the warehouse operator. When we look at this, this brings a letter of guarantee letter of TL 3 with a rough calculation to all warehouse companies. However, already in each warehouse opening 100 thousand Euro collateral, in addition 75 thousand euros in the lump-sum collateral. In other words, the security of the warehouses 175 thousand euro is kept in the customs. On the other hand, asking for other collaterals increases the shortage of guarantee letters in financial markets.
Now, on the basis of foreign exchange, we have given TL guarantee. Then our collaterals were eroded by foreign exchange increases. Unable to find collateral, our warehouses remain empty and the importer cannot find a place to lower his property. We have seen this problem to be solved in the draft from the Ministry of Commerce. I think that it will be enacted in the coming period and it will provide great convenience to the warehouses and importers. This means that import transactions will be cheaper at least when they are buying goods from the warehouses.
CIF SUBJECT OF AIR CARGO
So what's the fifth issue?
Our fifth subject is air cargo CIF. Taxation was made on this price. In other words, the cost of the insurance on the cost of the goods and the cost of freight added to the tax was added. For example; there is a book that airlines use in their own right. This is a reference book for the airlines to use when they load each other. Nobody uses it. For example, in this book, the Shanghai-Istanbul freight is $ 8 per kilo, but in fact we bring goods from Shanghai to Istanbul for 3 per kilo. Customs does not take note of the freight charge we present, looking at the book from the 8 300 2 400 XNUMX is adding dollars. So the customs have collected the tax of an unpaid freight for years. There was a great injustice here. This situation is solved. Now, the freight rate is added to the total cost of the goods and the tax is levied. UTIKAD made really serious work on this subject. Both the Customs Brokers Association and foreign trade companies have received many thanks.
OR 1 PURCHASES TIO REGULATIONS BY JAN 2019 “
Is there anything other than the five points that you count?
Another issue was the legalization of the sector's organizers. This point is also prepared by the organizing regulations of the organizing works organizers. We prepared this by working with the combined transport and general directorate of hazardous materials. It was a draft that the sector generally accepted. He also appeared as a regulation already. 1 came into operation as of November. Here, transport organizers will receive an R certificate. The price of this R document was an incredibly high 438 thousand TL. As a result of the negotiations we made in the ministry, we reduced it to a thousand TL. 150 As of January 1 Transport Regulations (TIO) Regulation will be introduced. Companies that want to work as TIO will also have this document by paying 2019 thousand TL if they do not have R documents in the past and will be legalized in the state.
L MOBILITY STARTED IN ANTREPOLARS “
Importance of imports is also on the agenda. Why do you think that's why?
The decrease in imports is due to the exchange rates and the lack of market. Because people didn't know what they were going to sell out of the warehouse. However, as of last week, goods started to be drawn from the warehouses. Gradually, the market was shaping up and stock didn't go away, so everyone used it. Many warehouses are completely locked due to the density of materials and cannot accept goods. As for the collateral obligation I have already mentioned, the collateral is already full, so the warehouse is also full. Because of what collateral is not able to get the goods nor import is done only in the warehouse costs and everything is standing. Mobility began in the warehouses this week. I'm hoping this will be continuous.
”THE EXPORT FREEDOM IS EXTREMELY IMPROVED AS IT IS NOT IMPORTED“
At present, we are facing another problem especially in road transportation. Export freights rose too much due to the lack of imports. It is our customers that eden As long as I get my property today, I will pay the freight back to you. Ece Or the fact that we could never find the return load, and brought the vehicles empty, we had a significant amount of colleagues. Import-export imbalance is not a general situation of the logistics sector. Under the normal conditions of export, the price they pay for the European cargoes per vehicle is now paying more than the 1000 euro. Exports are expensive and we have nothing to do as transporters. Because it's the market.
It is not possible to make money on highway imports. In the case of exports, you partially compensate imports. In addition, your TL expenses may be reduced for a temporary period of time due to the rise of foreign exchange. But in the end, when the inflation is in question, those gains in the first salary adjustment are eliminated. We have a confidence gap in the market before exchange rates. If I close this gap, I think there will be more shopping.
”We must be in the first 20 of the LOGISTICS PERFORMANCE INDEX“
I want you evaluate Turkey's place in the World Bank Logistics Performance Index. This year 47 described indices in Turkey. ranked. Do you think Turkey should the queue?
We're not where we really need to be. While we were waiting for the first 15, we completed 2018 in 47. We should definitely be in the first 20. Very urgent measures to be taken, by rendering more efficient the logistics process in Turkey, the costs need to be reduced. This is a survey and objectivity can be discussed but the effect is more. We think the investor will look at this index. This is what the government sees. It would be an absolute benefit to be as high as we can be. In order to perform a fair performance index study, we provided suggestions to the people who made the Logistics Performance Index and the government as UTIKAD. I think that in the light of these suggestions, more healthy surveys will be conducted in the coming years.
İM ISTANBUL AIRPORT OFFICE RENTALS RETURN TO TL “
In a conversation, you mentioned the height of office rents at Istanbul Airport.
You will pay monthly rent in 100 euro to the square meter. In the most central locations in Paris, you rent lots of space to 100 euros or 700. We rent an office of 15-20 square meters in any building of an airport. At least we said that we would turn to TL. So far we have not received positive results.
”TWO DAYS OF THE FUTURE OF THE LOGISTICS SUMMIT OF THE FUTURE HAS FILLED İ
Finally, in September, you organized the Future Logistics Summit as UTİKAD. The interest of the logists was quite high. Are you thinking of making the summit a tradition?
Although we were talking about the fire in the markets or something, we organized the Summit of the Logistics of the Future was an organization entered by giving money. We've received great demand. Two days in advance, we've filled the quota. This is an indication of a very serious interest for people in terms of strategy and curiosity. In order to minimize the human error in the sector, we think machines should be more involved. In general, digitalization will be the center of our way of automating the way we do business. We want to make this organization traditional. Because our top sponsors were incredibly satisfied. Presumably, we will do this organization next year.
Kaynak: I yesillojistikciler.co