First National Locomotives in Turkish Railway History Bozkurt and Karakurt

black Wolf
black Wolf

Karakurt, Turkey is the first Turkish Republic State Railways locomotives produced by the firm of Tulomsas.

In 1958, Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi is organized for new and big targets under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory. This target is to manufacture the first domestic locomotive and in 1961, the honor memorial of the Turkish workers and engineers holds the factory in the factory. This is the first Turkish steam locomotive with 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 and capable of accelerating at 70 km / h.

4 April 1957 Director Adnan MENDERES, who attended the opening ceremony of the Cement Factory in Eskişehir (Çukurhisar), gave an honor to the State Railroad Cer At Workshop in 5 April and visited all the factories of the factories and especially the Apprentice School. were also found in. Then, in order to popularize the ring, train and railway, he visited the youth park of Mehmet Özkan and beğen Efe omot which was to be operated in Ankara Youth Park.

In 1958, Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi is organized for new and big targets under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory. This target is to manufacture the first domestic locomotive and in 1961, the honor memorial of the Turkish workers and engineers holds the factory in the factory. This is the first Turkish steam locomotive with 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 tons and capable of accelerating at 70 km / h.
Features of Karakurt

Type of Locomotive 1 E
Axle Assembly 5 axle
Maximum Speed ​​70 km / h
Rail Clearance 1435 mm
Empty Weight 97 tone
Operating Weight 106,9 tone
Distance from Buffer to Bumper 22900 mm
Wheel Diameter 1450 mm
Guide Wheel Diameter 850 mm
Axle Pressure 19,5 tone
Distance Between Axle 1500 mm
Traction Force 18500 kgf
Cylinder Sill 660 mm
Boiler Vapor Pressure 16 horse
Boiler Power 1915 bg
Brake Type KNORR Steam Brake
Tender Condensation / Water Fuel 20 tone / 29 tone / 11 tone
Production Beginning 1958
Date of Service 1961
Service Period 25 Year

Booth, then the name of the Republic of Turkey State Railways of Sivas Railway Factory TÜDEMSAŞ first Turkish name of the locomotives produced by the company.

The Sivas Cer Atölyesi was reorganized to produce the locomotive and freight wagons by taking the name of Sivas Railway Factory. After this reorganization work, the construction work started in 1959 year and all of them were completed in a very short time by the team consisting of Turkish workers and engineers. In the same period, Karakull (locomotive) Karakurt locomotive was opened by Tülomsaş Company in Eskişehir. The biggest features of this 1961 locomotive is that it is the first domestic Turkish locomotives.

In Sivas, Turkey Railway Machines Industry Inc. in Turkey Railway Machines Industry A.Ş. (TÜDEMSAŞ) with serial number 56202 produced Turkey's first domestic locomotive, Booth, began to serve in railways in 1961. 25 year-long trains on the railway, the locomotive, due to the service life of the institution has been retired.

Placed on the rails established in front of the factory, Bozkurt attracts the attention of the visitors. Visitors before the departure of the locomotive before taking pictures of the moment. There are many ministers, deputies and bureaucrats among those who take a memorial photo.

The steam engine, empty weight, operating, friction weight, tensile force features such as the locomotive was written in front of the factory, the time elapsed from the day it was produced evaluates the following sign with its own feelings:

Im I'm the first locomotive engineer in the Turkish railway station in Sivas. 56202 In November 20, I entered the service of TCDD. Thousands of tons of beautiful land behind me from the east, west, north, south went hundreds of times. Numerous discomforts I have experienced during my service have been improved by railway staff.

At the end of the 25 annual service, I retired on the grounds that I completed my economic and technical life. I have been manufactured, changed and evolved after the name of TUCEMSAS 25 year I served on the rails I have served, painted, they decorate like a bride. I was surrounded by flowers and lawns. I'm happy to watch the wagons, which are produced and repaired, in the chirping of the birds. I am happy, happy, thank you for your interest. Rahat
Bozkurt's Features
Type Steam locomotive
Period 1960
Service Date 1961-1986
Manufacturer
Weight 107 tone
Axle Load 97 tone
Speed ​​70km / s
Motor Type: Steam
Engine Power 1915 bg
Engine Speed ​​18500 k

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