Since 2007, 6 has been measuring the logistic performance of the countries under different criteria and scoring countries under the name of International Logistics Performance Index. These criteria are customs, infrastructure, international shipment, quality of logistics services, tracking and tracking of shipments and finally delivery of shipments on time.
It described recently for the 2018 Logistics Performance Index, according to data from Turkey ranks 160 among 47 countries. Compared with previous years, Turkey seems to have exhibited the worst performance so far in 2018. So much so that both LPI ranking in both 2016 compared to the decline seen in Turkey can not make progress in any of the 6 points above the criteria we mentioned, it observed that even experienced decline significantly.
First, the overall standings with 34 ordinary 47 order decline is situated behind we observed in Turkey in 2016, Portugal, Thailand, Chile, Slovenia, Estonia, Panama, Vietnam, Iceland, Greece, Oman, India, Cyprus and Indonesia to the data of 2018 according situated in front of Turkey.
Criteria examined when Turkey:
• 2016 with 3,18 in 36 in customs criteria. 2018 with 2,71 points in 58 while it is in. queued,
• 2016 with 3,49 in 31 for infrastructure criteria. 2018 with 3,21 points in 33 while it is in. queued,
• 2016 with 3,41 in 35 for International Shipment criteria. 2018 with 3,06 points in 53 while it is in. queued,
• 2016 with 3,31 in 36 for the Quality of Logistics Services. 2018 with 3,05 points in 51 while it is in. queued,
• 2016 with 3,39 rating in 43 for Submission Tracking and Traceability. 2018 with 3,23 points in 42 while it is in. increased to queue,
• 2016 with 3,75 rating in 40 in the time of shipments. 2018 with 3,63 points in 44 while it is in. retreated to order.
On the basis of points, there is a decrease in all the criteria and only one level of increase is observed despite the decrease on the basis of points in the Tracking and Traceability criterion of the Shipments.
Logistics Performance Index for the first time in 2007, when Turkey ranks 30th of work fell to 2010 in 39 as in 2012, but especially with the improvements made in the customs area 27 order had managed to rise. Since 2014, Turkey's is being observed that draw a steady decline profile 2012 in 12 countries, this time the opposite of that increase performance show, leaving behind direction, ie in 2016, 34 in place while falling behind than 2018 countries in 13 47 shows that ranks .
Customs is meant by customs and other border authorities efficiency of transactions decreased by 22 rows and it is seen that Turkey had decreased significantly in both points in this criteria. LPI has significant drawbacks and disadvantages they experience even more importantly, the work methodology of professional logistics of the countries that trade relations with Turkey, we consider that the efficiency of customs operations carried out in Turkey.
With the International Shipment criterion, which is another criterion where there is a significant decline, it is meant that international shipments can be created at competitive prices. In this criterion, Turkey has again lost a significant score and regressed 18 places. When we interpret it in the light of the LPI methodology, it is possible to say that the logistics professionals of the countries that have commercial relations with Turkey have evaluated that there is no shipping at competitive prices in Turkey. Especially the operability of trade routes such as One Belt One Road. kazanConsidering that there are efforts to reduce the cost of the goods, the fact that the shipments cannot be carried out under competitive conditions may cause Turkey not to get the targeted share from the said trade routes and the cargo to shift to alternative routes.
Another criterion to be examined is the Quality of Logistics Services. This criterion refers to the competence and quality of the logistics services offered in the country. # 2016 in 36, while Turkey has 2018 criteria in question decreased by 15 places in 51. It appears as a criterion that it can be evaluated that the trade corridors can contribute negatively to the search for an alternative for our country.
According to the LPI methodology, there are six sub-criteria:
In summary, the criteria of Quality of Customs, Infrastructure and Logistic Services are considered as the areas subject to administrative regulation and are the INPUT for the services provided in the supply chain. On the other hand, On-Time Delivery, International Shipment and Tracking and Tracking criteria are evaluated as the results in evaluating the performance of service delivery and the inputs provided to the whole of the services provided in the supply chain are outputs.
As a result, when the LP described the results of work in 2016, Turkey's "open development" is needed in many areas of public administration sector both agreed units. Turkey's 2018 LP with a clear direction for the development side, was perhaps restructure the presence of structural problems that need to be surfaced days. Today, what can be done to improve logistics performance is beyond just being limited to infrastructure investments and trade facilitation. Facts such as sustainability, flexibility and technological developments are also the issues that should be emphasized by both public and private sector stakeholders. It is possible to evaluate LPI 2018 results as a report card: contrary to the global tendency of the public administration towards the services offered in the logistics sector, the restrictive and tariff approach, the entry of the logistics sector with the legislation and economic barriers, the presence of public-borne costs and the private sector / public administration for legislative arrangements. Union deficiency is seen to be reflected in the LPI 2018 report card.