The 100th anniversary of the Republic in a little time, several huge projects coming to life in Turkey. While some of them are completed and put into operation, some of them continue their activities.
giant projects having a life in Turkey transportation field in recent years.
Turkey is a bridge between Asia and Europe, regional and intercontinental trade also attracts the attention of the world.
makes a great breakthrough in the economy on the one hand, the giant transportation projects in Turkey, on the other hand creating new jobs with many people doing the job.
Turkey's industry, trade and tourism in the world to connect and activities completed passes to some of the giant project is underway in some others.
Here are the giant projects:
ISTANBUL NEW AIRPORT
The foundation of the 3rd airport in Istanbul was laid on June 9, 2014 with the participation of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who was then the Prime Minister.
2013 3 is one of the largest in the history of the Republic. Cengiz, Mapa, Limak, Kolin, Kalyon Joint Venture Group (OGG), which is composed of IGA investors with build-operate-transfer system, has won the airport tender with a record price such as 22 billion euro.
The first stage of the airport, which will cost 10 billion euros, will be opened at 29 October 2018.
On the European side of the Black Sea coast, Istanbul's 3. airport, Tayakadın and Akpinar villages 2 and a half billion cubic meters of filling area is made on an area of 76.5 million square meters.
165 where 3 passenger bridge will be located. The airport will be equipped with 500 aircraft capacity. 3 to be equipped with high technology systems. airport, 4 terminal building, 8 control tower, 6 track and 16 taxiway, 70 will be located in the parking lot for a thousand vehicles.
4 will consist of 3. the airport will serve 200 million passengers. In the first instance, 80 will serve an annual passenger capacity of 1 million passengers and 120 will have more than one thousand people.
Kanal İstanbul is a waterway project planned to be built in Istanbul. In 2011, the Prime Minister, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was reflected in the press as the "crazy project", but the project's name, content and location were kept confidential for a long time.
At the press conference held at the Haliç Congress Center in Sütlüce on April 27, 2011, basic information about the project was announced.
The Kanal Istanbul route to be built in Istanbul was announced at a press conference on January 15, 2018.
Kanal Istanbul map and route
The channel will start from Karaburun in the Black Sea part of Istanbul and pass over Terkos, Durusu, Dursunköy, Sazlıdere dam and connect to Marmara from Küçükçekmece. The points that draw attention in the channel Istanbul map are that 2 dams are on the route of this project. With the channel, both Terkos and Sazlıdere dams will be connected to the channel. Küçükçekmece Lake will also be included in Kanal Istanbul.
The size of the fuel tankers and ships to be crossed
The 275-meter-tall, 48-meter-wide fuel tanker is expected to carry 145 thousand detveve tons (DWT), the 340-meter-tall and 48,2-meter-wide container ship to carry 120 DWT.
160 ship will pass by day
The 150-160 aboard the crazy project is scheduled to host four times the size of the Panama Canal.
From the Kanal Istanbul project, an annual income of 8 billion dollars will be provided to the Treasury. The Panama Canal uses an average of 40 ships each day, with an average annual return of up to $ 1,5 billion. In the Suez Canal, which is one of the similar crossing routes, it is seen that the annual earnings are 54 billion dollars, considering that 4 vessels pass through the day.
1,5 million job opportunities
After the completion of the project, a new job in the region will be 1,5 million. 50 million foreign visitors are expected to come to Istanbul in the year, thus, 20-30 billion dollars annually will generate tourism revenue. The 2023 vision, the crazy project is expected to bring 5 billion dollars in the first 100 year with all revenue items.
One of the three major projects that the Ottoman State plans to realize
The idea of connecting the Black Sea and Marmara with an artificial throat has come to the agenda 16 times since the 6th century.
One of the three major projects planned by the Ottoman State in the mid-1500s was to connect the Sakarya River and Sapanca Lake to the Black Sea and Marmara. It was brought to the agenda in the period of Suleiman the Magnificent in 3. Although two great architects of the period, Mimar Sinan and Nicola Parisi, started preparations, the implementation of this project was canceled due to the wars.
THE WIDE BRIDGE OF THE WORLD: YAVUZ SULTAN SELİM BRIDGE
On the 560th anniversary of Istanbul's conquest, Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, whose foundation was laid on 29 May 2013 with the ceremony attended by Abdullah Gül and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, tied the two sides of the Bosphorus for the third time.
In 26 August 2016, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim, 11. Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, which was opened with the participation of President Abdullah Gül and the heads of state and government of many countries, cost 3 billion dollars.
During the construction phase of the project, about 7 thousand people were employed, about 500 people during operation phase.
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge and Northern Marmara Motorway will be operated by IC İçtaş - Astaldi JV for 10 year 2 month 20 daily period. At the end of this period will be delivered to the Ministry of Transport.
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge reduced traffic intensity by 12
With the use of Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge by heavy tonnage vehicles, the total number of vehicles passing through Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in 2017 decreased by 12 percent compared to the previous year.
In the mega city, where the number of registered vehicles exceeds 4 million, the rate of those using the Eurasia Tunnel and Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge has decreased by 15 percent, as the number of people using the 12 July Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge has increased.
Turkey's 153-year dream Marmaray, the proclamation of the Republic 90th anniversary of Abdullah Gul, Japan's Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan Shinzō Abe and at that time, Romanian Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, as well as the 8 minister's contribution from 9 countries was opened 29 October 2013 service .
According to data from the Ministry of Transport, 5,5 billion liras was spent for the opening of Marmaray, and the total cost with the improvement of the suburban lines was 8 billion liras.
The first pickaxe was shot in 2004
Bosphorus Tube Crossing Construction, Tunnels and Stations job was tender, signed a joint venture agreement with the tender in May 2004. In August 2004, Turkey was hit for the first 1,5 centuries-old dream of digging.
13,6, which is one of the most important steps of the Marmaray Project, will be under the sea and 76,6 kilometers will be under the sea. The drilling tunnels which are one of the most important stages of the Project are started on 21 December 2006.
Sultan Abdulmecid's dream come true
The first thought about a railway tunnel that will pass under the Bosphorus was expressed in 1860 by Sultan Abdülmecid. The passage under the Bosphorus was first planned as a tunnel placed on the columns built on the seabed. This idea was evaluated further in the following period and a design was developed in 1902.
This design envisaged a railway tunnel under the Bosphorus but a tunnel placed on the seabed was mentioned in the design. Since then, many different ideas and thoughts have been tried and new technologies have turned into design. The desire for a railroad public transport connection passing under the Bosphorus increased gradually in the early 1980s and the first comprehensive feasibility study was carried out in 1987.
As a result of the studies, the route determined in today's project was determined as the best route. The project, which was outlined in 1987, was discussed in the coming years and in 1995 it was decided to carry out more detailed studies and studies and to update the feasibility studies, including passenger demand forecasts in 1987.
Trip between Europe-Asia 4 minutes
Combining the European and Asian side under the Bosphorus, Marmaray, Gebze and Halkalı consists of three sections. 185 minutes with Gebze Halkalı The journey time between the two cities was reduced to 105 with the introduction of the improved suburban railway system within the scope of the Marmaray Project.
It was 37 minutes between Bostancı and Bakırköy, and 12 minutes between Söğütlüçeşme and Yenikapı. Trains traveled between Üsküdar Station in the Asian part of the Bosphorus and Sirkeci on the European side in 4 minutes. Thus, the journey time between Europe and Asia has decreased to 4 minutes under the Bosphorus.
Number of passengers increased every year
In 2014 it was opened about 44 million passengers moved. 2015 million in 61, 2016 million in 63 and 2017 64 in the year of the XNUMX carried passengers close to million.
1915 ÇANAKKALE BRIDGE
The foundation of the 2022 Çanakkale Bridge, which is planned to open in 1915, was laid on March 18, 2018. When the bridge is completed, it will be the “longest spaced bridge in the world”.
The 1915 Çanakkale Bridge will be built by the "Daelim-Limak-SK E & C-Building Center Turkish-Korea Joint Venture" with the build-operate-state model. The joint venture group received a project cost of 10 billion 354 million TL for the construction of bridges and highways with a total operating period of 5,5 years, 16 months and 2 days, including a 12-year construction period.
The groundbreaking ceremony of the Çanakkale 1915 Bridge, which will be held between the Sütlüce district of Gallipoli and the Şekerkaya district in Lapseki district, was held with the participation of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım.
President Erdoğan announced that the Çanakkale Bridge will be completed 18 months early and opened on 18 March 2022.
Two collar together, his total distance of the edges of the openings will be over 3 kilometers of 860 thousand 5 meter viaduct bridge the gap between the two legs, to celebrate in 100 the 2023th anniversary of the Republic of Turkey was determined to be 2 thousand 23 meters.
The bridge will consist of 3 lanes, 3 arrivals and 6 departures.
AVRASYA TUNNEL, FIRST TWO-STOREY TUNNEL TUNNEL UNDER THE SEA IN THE WORLD
The Eurasia Tunnel, which reduced the distance between the two sides of the Bosphorus to 15 minutes, was opened on Tuesday, December 20, 2016, with a ceremony attended by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
The companies that have completed the 1 billion 245 million dollars Eurasia Tunnel will operate the tunnel for 24 years and 5 months.
The Eurasia Tunnel Project (Istanbul Strait Road Tube Crossing Project) connects Asian and European sides with a highway tunnel that runs beneath the sea floor. The Avrasya Tunnel, which serves in Kazlıçeşme-Göztepe line, where there is a heavy traffic in Istanbul, covers a total of 14,6 kilometers.
The 5,4 kilometer section of the project consists of a two-storey tunnel constructed with a special technology under the sea floor and connection tunnels built with other methods.
In the project, where 95 is composed of Turkish employees, 1800 employees were employed per day. About 500, a leader in its field, took part in the project of domestic and international firms and provided consultancy.
In the project construction, spending thanks to Turkey's economy to 1,5 million worth of business volume of construction work was created in a day. In his first year, he contributed 1,2 billion liras to the economy.
The bridge, which ranks 4th among the largest middle span suspension bridges in the world, was officially opened on June 30, 2016 with a ceremony attended by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım.
Osman Gazi Bridge is the biggest leg of Gebze-Orhangazi-İzmir Highway Project. With the completion of the highway, the journey time will be halved.
39 completed in months
The bridge, whose foundation was laid with a ceremony held at Yalova Altınova Herzegovina on 30 March 2013, was completed in approximately 39 months.
On the bridge, where the first of the 113 decks connecting the two sides of the bay was mounted on January 7, 2016, the last deck was placed on April 21, 2016 with a ceremony attended by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
8 thousand workers worked
252 has employed 35,93 thousand workers in the construction of 1550 meter tower height, 2 meter deck width, 682 meter middle aperture and 8 bin XNUMX meter length.
Osmangazi Bridge, which was curved for the “Herzegovina Lagoon” where bird species live, was one of the important structures showing the importance given to nature and biological diversity.
Thanks to the bridge, which constitutes the biggest leg of the Gebze-Orhangazi-İzmir Highway Project, whose total investment cost is 9 billion dollars, Izmit Bay can be crossed in 4 minutes.
The bridge serves as 3 lanes for 3 departures and 6 arrivals. There is also a service strip on the bridge. When the Gulf Transition Bridge was completed, the Gulf Passed 2 hours, the time of the ferry to 1 hours, the time of the gulf transition was reduced to an average of 6 minutes.
Izmit Bay Transition Bridge 1.1 was realized with a billion dollar investment.
Source: TRT Haber