Maritime Transport and Communications Ministry has completed the European Union and Turkey funded by the National Transport Master Plan. Turkey's main objectives and taking into account the 2023 2035 vision plan includes strategies and investment for future exports will be up to 1 trillion dollars.
1 Trillion dollar ready for export
The vision of the Master Plan was determined as the transportation sector and infrastructure that increased its competitiveness, sustainable, safe, secure, accessible, comprehensive, fast and innovative. For a cost effective, efficient transportation system; The integration of transportation and logistics emerged as the main recommendation. The Master Plan also offered more physical investment than the current project stock with a percentage of 15,4.
126 billion euros may benefit
In the Transportation Master Plan, the benefit to be provided if the proposed investments and projects are realized was also calculated. The calculation of the hesap Net Present Value abil (Potentially deducting the future expenditure) was calculated as a total benefit of 2016 billion Euro with 126 exchange rate.
matches and goals
In the National Transport Master Plan, the main purpose of 5 was determined and targets were set as a roadmap to achieve these objectives. Some of these goals and objectives are as follows:
Purpose 1. Being a regional center in the field of transport and logistics services
Turkey World Bank Logistics Performance Index (LPI) to enter the first 15 between countries. To develop alternative port and port facilities for Mediterranean container traffic to other ports of the country. Black and transfer to create links between Turkey and Middle Eastern countries. To provide transportation and logistics services that can compete with neighboring countries in terms of cost and quality.
Purpose 2. Focus on export: Supporting export-oriented system transition
The Master Plan, Turkey's xnumx't to 2023, until 500 billion and 2029 years until 700 2035 trillion dollars with the export volume, the world's first 1 according to location to target in the economy the strategy to create the transport infrastructure was adopted. Again, in this context, an efficient and cost-effective system was proposed using Eastern corridors, which suggested links with neighboring countries, especially the EU. the EU
In order to support exports, the aim was to create routes that would provide access to new markets with the EU's TEN-T (Trans-European Transport Network) network and neighboring countries, and to establish networks connecting East-Southeast provinces to foreign markets.
Purpose 3. Inter-regional harmony: an integrated transport system to ensure compliance with inter-regional support in Turkey.
all regions of Turkey, to be included in major cities, high-speed trains to connect with demiryoluv airline infrastructure, aiming to facilitate access to airports. In addition, the goal of 2035 is to develop road, railway, airway and maritime services that complement each other for passenger and freight transportation.
Purpose 4. Security: Ensuring security in the transport sector
To maximize safety for users, to prevent casualties, injuries. 2035 up to the annual loss of life to achieve a reduction of the target was adopted 50.
The goal is 5. Environment: give priority to the solution of environmental problems by reducing the carbon footprint allow Turkey
The aim was to increase the share of renewable energy and energy efficiency and to increase the share of more environmentally friendly rail and sea passenger-cargo transportation in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Policy recommendations: ”dry ports“ will be strengthened and rail and sea will be highlighted for strengthening logistics.
In the National Transport Master Plan, some policy proposals were developed to achieve each goal and goal. In the development of logistics, it has been suggested to establish logistics centers, which are called a dry ports “, as well as customs clearance operations near the ports, in addition to all kinds of investments including human resources. In order to increase the share of rail and maritime transport gradually in the passenger transportation, integration of urban transportation systems with high speed train, connection of airport, railway systems to city centers, intermodal transportation between modern modes of transport (intermodal, train, bus, ferry crossing transport) policies were determined. For freight transport, the policy of strengthening intermodal transport on the North-South and East-West axis was included.
The Transportation Master Plan also included proposals for increasing competition in railway and balance services and providing a suitable financial environment for investments. The plan also stated that the improvement of transport services contributed positively to the economy through socio-economic channels, and the policy of increasing mobility and giving particular importance to mobility of disadvantaged groups was also proposed.
Intelligent Transportation Systems
Emphasizing that the weight of intelligent systems in transportation and logistics has increased gradually, the National Transport Master Plan emphasized that these systems contributed to safety, efficiency and reducing the impact on the environment.
Republic of Turkey and the National Transport Master Plan
Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Strategy Development Department,
The Department of Transportation Planning was prepared by the EU Investments Department of the Directorate General for Foreign Relations and European Union. Project (EuropeAid / 136025 / IH / SER / TR), the European Union under the IPA program was funded by the EU and Turkey.
Future Projection in National Transport Master Plan
|Main Plan Highway Investment Program (Network Length in Km)|
|motorways||2 542||3 920||4 679||4 964|
|Split Roads||22 655||28 850||29 683||30 603|
|Total (km)||25 197||32 770||34 362||35 567|
|Railway Investment Program (Network Length in Km)|
|Estimates for Port Capacity
H / K = Cargo Amount Handled / Port Capacity - congestion threshold% 75
|Traffic||H / K||Traffic||H / K||Traffic||H / K|
|Dry Bulk (Million Tons)||236||150,5||64%||180,9||77%||213,3||90%|
|General Load (Million Tons)||108||87||81%||107,5||100%||130,2||121%|
|Liquid Bulking (Million Tons)||267||191,5||72%||233||87%||276||103%|
|Total (Million Tons)||611||429||70%||521,4||85%||619,5||101%|
|Container (Million TEU)||22,25||11,61||52%||14,3||64%||17,1||77%|
Source : www.milliyet