İzmir Transportation Master Plan, completed by the Izmir Metropolitan Municipality in August 2015, has been completed. With the plan, which was carried out with a large technical team under the control of 10 academic advisors with international expertise, the road map to be followed by İzmir until 2030 was determined.
The final scenario is planned to be increased to 15 km of the city's rail system network in the next 465 years, according to the plan announced to the public with the meeting attended by Metropolitan Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu. In the same process, a new transfer center will be established at 27 points, and 6 new lines will be planned for sea transportation, along with 11 new piers.
President Aziz Kocaoglu, evaluating the new plan and targets, gave important messages at the meeting:
“The Ministry of Transport has undertaken the rail system investments of certain cities. They say that they will make the Halkapınar-İzotaş line for 7-8 years. We have the power to do this, if necessary. ”
“While the subways and rail systems of other cities are made by the central government, even when we roasted our own oil and increased the 11 km metro to 170 km, even the authorization and signature support is denied. "
The Izmir Transportation Master Plan, which was created to prepare Izmir for 2030 and to meet the transportation needs of a city where approximately 6 million people will live, has been completed. The decisions, which included important investments that will shape the future of İzmir, which were included in the scope of the plan, were shared with the public. The final scenario of the Izmir Main Transport Plan, which is the most participatory plan among those realized until today, was explained in detail at the meeting attended by Metropolitan Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu.
We've covered more than half the road
Izmir Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Aziz Kocaoglu, one of the main objectives of the plan to take the necessary measures against increased car ownership, said:
“İzmir Metropolitan Municipality continues its will to run the city by taking the mind and science as a guide. This transportation master plan was realized at the end of such a study. As foreseen in the 2009 Plan, we are currently running the rail system network, which is 11 km, as 165 km. One month later, it will be 1 km after the Konak Tram. Three-fifths of the 180 km rail system network envisaged in the new strategic plan have now been easily passed. In other words, Izmir Metropolitan Municipality covered more than half the road. ”
If the Ministry doesn't, we'il do it.
Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu stated that, unlike some big cities, all rail system investments in İzmir are made with local management facilities, and continued as follows:
“In the past years, the Ministry of Transport has undertaken the rail system investments of certain cities. There was such a demand from us. In line with the request, we have suggested the Halkapınar-İzotaş and Buca metro lines by focusing on two projects. They say that they will make the Halkapınar-İzotaş line for 7-8 years. He went, he entered the high-speed train, he went outside. There is no information yet. If necessary, we will gladly realize this 4,5 km line with our own means. We connect the rail system to the Katip Çelebi University, on the one hand, to the Narlıdere campus of Dokuz Eylül University, and to the Tınaztepe Campus. We connected the airport with Izban. There is one remaining İzotaş. We had already done the project, handed it over to the ministry. We have the power to do this, if necessary. ”
We are waiting for approval for Mavişehir Pier
Expressing that they are aiming for important advances in sea transportation, Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu said, “We will build a pier in the area we have organized as a square on Mustafa Kemal Beach Boulevard. Mavişehir pier is what will enable us to make a leap in sea transportation. The location of the pier is clear. Their plans have been sent. Immediately after the plans are approved, which have been waiting for a long time, they will be made immediately and will create a significant potential in gulf transportation. We expect this from the Ministry of Environment. ”
We don't put it on the plan so we can get someone
Stating that they have implemented all the projects they put on the agenda after participatory processes and therefore accepted by the citizens, Büyükşehir Mayor Kocaoğlu replied to his criticisms that the Gulf Crossing Project was not included in the plan: We report our suggestions to the topics that the central government wants to do and say "I will" according to its own scientific studies, when asked how it should be. But if the central government insists on an investment, if there is nothing very vital, there is no great damage to the future of the city, we will not object. Trying to open the way for the project is another thing. This is the way of Metropolitan Municipality to do business with consensus. But if the scientists in the Transportation Master Plan do not foresee the gulf transition in the 2030 projection, if they do not find it feasible, we cannot put it in the transportation master plan so that someone can hear it. Put it to science, take it gladly, we defend it. We believe in reason and science. The absence of a Master of Transport plan strengthens this plan as a scientific document. Our stance is to support an investment in the public by the central government. It is not right to confuse the two. It was made for different manipulations that we will not be involved in those works. ”
I won't be populist
Izmir Metropolitan Mayor Aziz Kocaoglu, Turkey's foreign policy and processes where economic indicators also pointed out that excessive rises in recent years because of the cost of credit. Emphasizing that the Metropolitan Municipality has realized investments such as metro, with the credits it has obtained from international markets thanks to its high credibility, Mayor Kocaoğlu said, “This is the part of central policies that touches us. İzmir Metropolitan Municipality is currently one fifth of the number that the world financial environment calls 'borrowable'. But in order to carry out a sustainable financial policy, we have the problem of waiting for the loan to normalize and the loan interest rates to decrease. Because now these prices are excessive. If I was to be a populist, I haven't done it for 14 years, I get it at a high price. But in this conjuncture, I do not want to pay these credit costs to İzmir. For this reason, Buca metro will go slowly until the loan interest rates are normal for a certain period of time. I am saying this with all my heartiness. ”
Iller Bank barrier to cheap loan
Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu said that they could not evaluate the loan proposal from a financial institution for the Narlıdere subway, which is planned to cost 180-200 million Euros, because of Iller Bank's attitude. Expressing that the interest rate was 1.34 percent according to the offer submitted at that time, Mayor Kocaoğlu said:
“They made a protocol with Iller Bank. We applied to Iller Bank. 110 million Euro loan. We wrote and went to Iller Bank General Manager. We went to the minister he was affiliated with. We asked for an appointment from our Prime Minister. Since the last days of the last Ramadan I remembered, we have renewed our request for an appointment to the Prime Minister. Then I met with the General Manager of Iller Bank. He said they would use this loan in urban transformation. We made an appointment with the credit institution the next day. They said 'this loan cannot be used in urban transformation'. Today no interest in such a credit in Turkey. Now the offers are going at 4-4,5 percent. ”
1 penny did not receive support
Stating that Izmir Metropolitan Municipality did not receive any 1 Kurus support from the central government for any projects other than the income collected from the city dwellers and that should be given according to the law, “Let support is a free support for this loan issue. Only approval will be given. While the subways and rail systems of other cities were made by the central government, I wanted to share the authorization and signature support with our İzmir nationals on this occasion while we roasted our own oil and increased the 11 km rail system to 170 km. You know that I do not want to talk much about these issues, and that I work with a job focus. But I think it is useful to share some issues from time to time. ”
Who does it benefit from not increasing the capacity in Izban?
Izmir Metropolitan Mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu said that the arrangements that will increase the passenger capacity in Izban have not been implemented since the protocol they made in 2005 with TCCD. Stating that the view supported by the Minister of Transportation of the period, Binali Yıldırım and TCDD General Manager Süleyman Karaman, is that the freight trains enter the port only at night, the passengers coming from the north are included in the system in Menemen and the ones coming from the south in Torbalı continued as follows:
“There is no signaling in line with the requirements of this age. Signalization needs to be renewed in order to tighten the trips. This issue has been the task of TCDD since 2005, when the protocol was made, but has not even been tendered yet. The complaint that came to us the most today is Izban's congestion. Who is it worth not to double the number of passengers on this perfect line that connects the north to the south after spending so much money? I have not understood this for 8-10 years. Flour, oil, sugar are all ready. We will make a halva. Always on our agenda. 8 of 4 board members are from us, 4 are from TCDD. The Chairman of the Board is one of them. This project is made by the Republic of Turkey sample projects with local governments on a public institution. It has received awards in the world. I do not understand who benefits from not taking advantage of this capacity. ”
The technical details of the Izmir Transportation Master Plan were made by Kader Sertpoyraz, the Head of the Transportation Department of the Izmir Metropolitan Municipality, and Mert Yaygel, the Director of the Transportation Planning Branch. Professor working on the project. Dr Haluk Gercek and Prof. Dr Serhan Tanyel emphasized the importance of this scientific study.
The preparation process of the Izmir Main Transportation Plan has been carried out with methods that comply with both national and international standards. A comprehensive transportation research was carried out and a database, which has not been formed until today, was obtained. Participation of stakeholders such as civil society representatives, professional chambers was ensured outside the relevant institutions and organizations at every stage of the study. Both the existing development plans and the existing 2009 Transportation Master Plan decisions were reassessed over the problems identified. In addition, new scenarios and suggestions were developed by taking into account other national scale investments. These suggestions were evaluated with 10 different workshops, 16 different scenarios were developed. These scenarios were reduced to 4 main scenarios and the results were presented to non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders. The plan was created by making choices among the alternatives.
40 thousand 100 thousand people in more than one thousand, 6 thousand drivers, passengers and pedestrians were surveyed.
Traffic counts at 135 section and 114 junction point, special vehicle speed study at 6 route, minibus speed study at 15 route were performed.
327 personality research team, 20 administrative staff and transportation-related units of the Metropolitan Municipality served in the study.
200 stakeholder meeting was held with 4 institutions and organizations within the scope of İzmir Transportation Master Plan.
With Izmir Transportation Master Plan;
Reducing dependence on the car
Promotes motorized transport by supporting bicycles and pedestrian access,
Focused on public transport,
High capacity public transport systems,
Considering environmental impacts,
Targeting public health and safety,
Supporting economic development and considering disadvantaged groups,
A participatory and transparent plan was created.
After informing the members of the council in the next period, the plan will be presented to the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications General Directorate of Infrastructure Investments (AYGM) for opinion. It will then be brought to Parliament and the UKOME General Assembly for approval.
What does the plan predict?
The Transportation Master Plan, which aims to make the city ready for 2030, reveals the problems and measures that İzmir will face in terms of transportation in 2030. After detailed projection calculations made on the zoning plans, the population of the city is expected to be 2030 million in 6.2. The amount of travel demand that this population will generate is calculated over 10 million. In parallel, it is emphasized that the most important change will be seen in the ratio of the number of cars and ownership of cars, and the number of cars in the city, which is around 642 thousand today, will be 1.4 million in the target year. The rate of increase in the number of cars thus exceeds the population growth rate.
Generally expected problems and risks in the city;
Increase in the number of automobiles,
However, the shift in demand for transportation to private vehicle transportation
Failure of the road network to develop sufficiently and increase of 47 in main arteries,
Single-center development and therefore increased average travel distances and durations,
Reduction of bike and pedestrian journeys without motor transport
Industry in the central area etc. functions are transformed into business centers and therefore change of travel profile on the center.
Here are 2030 objectives:
Within the scope of the Transportation Master Plan created within this framework, it is planned to create a 15 km rail system network by adding another 153 km to the 312 km network in the next 465 years. With the Narlıdere line, where the current construction tender process is continuing, the construction tender will be launched soon.Bayraklı The project processes of the continuation line will start and will be included in the priority investment program.
The most important backbone of this network is the extension of İZBAN to Bergama in the north and to Tire, Ödemiş and Bayındır in the south.
However, in order to meet the future demand, the separation of İZBAN and conventional line enterprises on the existing line and the ability of İZBAN to work without interfering with other systems are shown as an inevitable need for İzmir. In the event that the freight line using the same line as İZBAN is separated, İZBAN, which can carry a maximum of 10-10 thousand passengers per hour with a frequency of 13 minutes, is expected to reach 3 thousand passengers per hour by making a trip for 40 minutes.
After that, it is aimed to start the extension of Çiğli-AOSB and Katip Çelebi University in the short-term rail system network by first completing the Mavişehir connection of Karşıya Tramway. It is aimed to start construction of the existing metro line in the west for Narlıdere extension in the west and Evka3-Bornova extension in the east. Another major investment in the short term will be the newly approved Buca-Üçyol metro.
In the medium term, Alsancak-Halkapınar and Bayraklı It is planned to be extended on the route. With an extension of approximately 10.7 km, the Buca line will have reached the city center and the new central business area. The line is also aimed to be extended for the IZBAN connection in the south. Another important line is the Eskiizmir line starting from Sarnıç and on the route Gaziemir, Eskiizmir, Eşrefpaşa, Çankaya, Basmane, Yenişehir, Halkapınar. The 27.6 km long line will connect the most important residential and working areas.
Bornova-Bayraklı the route Karşıyaka and the Northern line passing through the north of Çiğli and integrated with the existing lines at Katip Çelebi University were planned to meet the demand from this direction.
Halkapınar-Otogar line, planned to be built by the Ministry of Transport, is also in the plan and it is stated that this line should be extended to Pinarbasi.
Among the long term plans is the extension of the Bornova-Narlıdere metro line to Güzelbahçe. In the north, it is envisaged to extend the North line until Menemen. A special importance is given to this extension since very serious developments are expected in this region in terms of population.
In the east, it is aimed to extend the Pınarbaşı line to Kemalpaşa OSB and Kemalpaşa center.
Karşıyaka a new tram is planned in the center of Kyrenia corridor. In this period, it is aimed to add a total of 56 km lines and to increase the rail system line to 2030 km in 465.
Short, medium and long-term planned rail system lines are as follows:
* Karşıyaka Çiğli Extension of the Tram
11,0km / 14 station
* Bornova-Narlıdere Extension of Evka3-F.Altay Metro Line (Stage 1 & 2)
8,1km / 8 station
* Buca Metro (1.Etap)
13,5km / 11 station
* İzban-Ödemiş-Tire extension
75,2 km / 19 station
* İzban-Bergama extension
54 km / 15 station
In the medium term:
* Buca Metro 2. and 3. stages
12,3 km / 12 station
* Oldism Metro line
27,6 km / 24 station
* North Metro line
21,6 km / 21 station
* Halkapınar-Kemalpaşa Metro line (1 stage)
8,9 km / 10 station
In the long term:
* Evka3-F.Altay metro line Guzelbahce extension
13,6 km / 11 station
* North Metro line (menemen extension 2. Stage)
14,2 km / 13 station
* Halkapınar-Kemalpaşa metro line (2. And 3. Stages)
23,7 km / 13 station
* Girne Tram
4,4 km / 10 station
Transfer centers were considered as the most important complementary element of the rail system network within the scope of İzmir Transportation Master Plan. having the most powerful integrated public transport networks İzmir transfers in special centers in Turkey redesigned with a new vision, of all the technical infrastructure needs to be resolved with a beautiful architectural approach was envisaged. In addition to the existing 24 transfer centers and points, new transfer centers were planned at 27 points. 52 "park-continue" areas will be established in order to reduce the use of private vehicles and encourage public transportation.
6 new scaffold, 11 new line
In line with the identity of İzmir's port city, 6 new lines will be planned along with 11 new piers to improve sea transportation. Thus, the number of scaffolding will increase to 17, and the number of lines to 10 with the 21 lines available.
The most important approach of the plan was to develop new bicycle routes and to develop new pedestrian areas.
In total, the 350 km cycling route was planned and the 670 ha area was also determined for pedestrianization.
110 junction area that can be arranged with small touches in the urban road transportation has been re-projected. Along with these, approximately 200 km road axis has been rearranged in the medium and long term.
18 reduction in carbon emissions
It is aimed to integrate all the operators in the city with İzmirimkart and to coordinate with a holistic approach.
Considering the medium and long-term benefits of the plan within the framework of all targets, a reduction of 4 score is projected for private vehicles. It is planned that the use of the rail system will increase by 2. In this framework, the reduction of CO2 in the morning peak time is aimed at a reduction of 2030 in 18.