Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway has the function of combining all steel highways in Eurasia. Joining this network provides the full interest of all countries that establish their own policy with the principles of peace and development.
The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, which opened on October 30 at the Baku International Sea Trade Port, created a new outlook for the possibilities of developing the world transportation system. This is a very important issue that is currently suggesting economic experts: which projects can be considered perspective to unite railways in the Eurasian geography. In my opinion, Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway has no alternative and will not. The following evidence is available confirming this judgment:
The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway route is the most efficient and especially present line connecting the Caucasus region and the Central Asian region with the countries of Southern Europe and Southeast Asia;
Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway passing through Turkey, which is NATO countries are united directly to Southern Europe;
In the near future there are no problems in the integration of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway with Europe and Southeast Asia;
This steel highway completes the import and export interests of all countries in Eurasia etc.
Of course, one of the important indicators of the importance of every international economic project for the world is the interest shown by the world media. Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Azerbaijan to be presented to the use of the railway, for which Turkey and directly reflect the interests of Georgia can say without considering the news published in these three countries, the media, the opening of the steel iron the way we talk and reach successfully per housing of the first container freight train him out wide by the world media interpreted in the way. We can say that the photograph taken at the opening ceremony of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway on October 30th at the Baku International Sea Trade Port was presented in the "Best 13 photos of the week" project of Russia's TASS agency.
While sharing our views and thoughts on the perspectives of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway, first of all, it is not possible to touch the establishment of the railway network in the North-South transportation corridor, which is currently under construction. Because the original Astara (Iran) -Astara (Azerbaijan) railway line will be used and the road of the Republic of Azerbaijan will become a four-way junction on the steel highway of the Eurasian geography. According to the latest information, the Astara (Iran) -Astara (Azerbaijan) railway line is planned to be opened at the end of December 2017. According to experts, the tariffs applied for the carriage of loads can be reduced after this road line is put into use. This is the best attraction method for manufacturers and suppliers that carry out transit transportation. In this way, Iran plans to transport more than 2 million tons of cargo to Azerbaijan, Belarus and Russia until the end of next year. In addition, due to the official attitude of the Iranian side, the Reşt-Astara railway, which is the continuation of the Kazvin-Rasht railway, will be built and put into use within 3 years. Moreover, Belarus, the Baltic states and Finland's interest in the "North-South" international transport corridor will also accelerate the work carried out. Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway line and the start of operations of Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Afghan government to open the new transit corridor to Europe via Turkey is showing great interest.
In January-September 2017, the volume of the cargo transported in the Azerbaijan region of the European-Caucasus-Asian transportation corridor was 38911,8 thousand tons, and the cargo volume was 8343,7 million tons. According to the data of Azerbaijan State Statistics Committee, 24013 thousand tons or 61,7 percent of cargoes were transported by road transport, 9589,8 thousand tons or 24,7 percent by rail transport, 5309 thousand tons or 13,6 percent by sea transport. . Compared to the same period of 2016, the volume of cargo transported through the corridor increased by 4,7 percent. Transit cargoes constituted 19 percent or 7386,3 thousand tons of cargo transported through the corridor. We can add that the “North-South” International Transport Corridor is one of the important projects along with other routes that will increase the transit potential of Azerbaijan.
Recently, such news has been spreading that the Kazakhstan and Russia sides will create an alternative steel highway to the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway by getting a new exit to Europe by taking the railway from China. As we mentioned at the beginning, neither today nor in the future can any steel highway be an alternative to Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway. Because Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway is a direct speech transition to Caucasus, Anatolia and Southern Europe, especially for Kazakhstan and Russia. It should be noted that the Russian Federation has no direct land borders with Southern European countries. Russia can go to Southern Europe by land through the Baltic countries, Ukraine or Belarus. The most suitable option for railway transportation companies is that trains do not move emptyly in all directions. The economic resources of the countries where the steel roads connecting to the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway pass, and the products they import are different. In this way, there is no risk of empty movement of wagons. This allows Kazakhstan and Russia to participate effectively in their import and export as well as in transit transports. Secondly, for the first time in history, Kazakhstan and Russia, which have rich natural resources, had the opportunity to talk to the Middle East and Africa by rail via Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway. Of course, this, from Turkey in the near future towards its rail network to diversify its border policy and depending on the situation in the Middle East peace process. If this issue optimistic statements by officials of Turkey said that it is possible to hope to experience such a process.
Source : I www.yenialanya.co