Turkey's first domestic locomotive Karakurt

karakurt the first turkish locomotive
karakurt the first turkish locomotive

Turkey's first locomotive Karakurt: Starting for the first time in England in 1825 years 25 the world and spread all over Europe in rail transport, even though it was not easy spread quite early compared to many technological innovations have entered the Ottoman Empire. The construction of the railway and the production of locomotives and wagons working on that road required the highest technology of the period. For this reason, the first railways in Anatolia could be built with the privileges given to various states. The 1866 kilometer Izmir-Aydin line, built by the British initiative and launched in 130, was the first railway in Anatolia. Outside this line, there were two more lines between Constanta-Tuna and Varna-Ruse. Sultan Abdülhamit, who looked at many innovations with suspicion, was particularly supportive of rail transport. In fact, the Ottoman government was planning to connect Istanbul to Baghdad and thus to pass the line which will link India with Europe.

In 1871, the construction of the Haydarpaşa-İzmit line was started by the state and the 91 km line was completed in 1873. However, the financial means of the Ottoman State, which was already in debt, were not enough to implement such a project. Therefore, German capital stepped in. With the edict dated October 8, 1888, the construction and operation concession of the İzmit-Ankara section of the line was given to the Anatolian Ottoman Şimendifer Company with German capital. The same company built the Eskişehir-Konya, Alayunt-Kütahya sections and put them into operation. The railway line reached Konya on 29 July 1896. 1894 While the construction of the railway continued rapidly, the Germans established a small workshop called Anadolu-Ottoman Kumpanyası in Eskişehir for the repair of steam locomotives and wagons operating on the line. In fact, minor repairs are made in this workshop, the locomotives kazanThey were sent to Germany to be repaired. The Anatolian-Ottoman Company, which was captured by the British during the occupation of Anatolia in 1919, was taken back by the Kuvayi-Milliye on March 20, 1920, and its name was changed to Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi. This small workshop had become a big trump card in the hands of the national forces against the occupying armies. İsmet Pasha wrote in his memoirs: “My first fundamental duty was to prepare the army. I had the wedges of the balls that I found in the form of pipes, the wedges of which were taken in various warehouses, made in Eskişehir Railway Workshop and used them in Sakarya”. Atelier, which was captured by the Greeks on July 20, 1920, was taken back on September 2, 1922, never to change hands again, and as the beginning of the entry into modern technology in the new Turkey, the first step was taken from an agriculture-based economy to a technology-based economy.


of the National Liberation War kazanAtatürk declared that the struggle had just begun in the country where the industry was not even the core of the struggle by saying “The real war is the economic war”. The young Turkish Republic was still dependent on the enemy it had cast into the sea. All the needs of the railways connecting fields to markets, mines to factories, and factories to ports were met from Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Czechoslovakia. In Eskişehir Cer Atelier, which reached an indoor area of ​​1923 square meters in 800, units to produce bridges, railway switches, weighbridges and road safety materials were put into service until the end of 1928, and foreign dependency was tried to be reduced to some extent. Now, 3-4 locomotives and 30 passenger and freight wagons could be repaired annually. II. During World War II, a mobilization was launched in the Cer Workshop. First, new workers were trained in six-month courses, replacing the conscripted workers. Day and boarding Apprentice Art Schools were opened. A handful of specialist workers who remained in the workshop, while providing full support to the railways and the army, on the one hand, taught new workers and apprentices, on the other hand, they pursued new projects in order to overcome the difficulties caused by the difficult conditions of mobilization in our country, where there is no industry yet. As a result of this superhuman devotion, many machine parts and even tools were produced that were not done before. Also in this period, the Welding House, which was established within the body of Cer Atölyesi, also became a center that trains world-class welders in Turkey. II in 1946. After the end of World War II and the abolition of mobilization, Cer Atölyesi had become a factory with its increased production capacity with the returning workers. In 1951, the first mechanical weighbridge in Turkey was manufactured in Cer Atölyesi, which grew with the addition of new facilities, without obtaining a license or know-how. Atelier, which has become one of Turkey's favorite institutions, was now ready for a real breakthrough. The long awaited opportunity has finally arrived.


In order to increase the love of the people's railway, Eskişehir Cer Workshop was instructed to produce two small steam locomotives. The locomotives were to be operated at Youth Park in Ankara. 4 April 1957 Adnan Menderes attended the opening ceremony of the Çukurhisar Cement Plant in Eskişehir and 5 visited the Cer Workshop in April. All the factory outbuildings of the factory, especially the Apprentice School; Menderes met with artisans, trade unions and federation delegations, and then got into one of the locomotives of üret Mehmetçik Gençlik and es Efe ler miniature trains produced for Youth Park. The applicant was so pleased with the small locomotive; . Can you do the biggest of this locomotive? Abilir he asked. The Cer Workshop was already waiting for this instruction for years. In 1958, the workshop was organized for new and large targets under the name Eskişehir Railway Factory. This goal was to manufacture the first domestic locomotive. After nearly 3 years of work, in the year of 1961, Karakurt, which was the work of Turkish workers and engineers, was ready to set off. 1915 horsepower, 97 tons of weight, 70 km / h speed capable of the first Turkish steam locomotive Karakurt, 25 10 year of service foreseen in the year, 1976 farewell to railways in the year. Currently, Eskisehir in Eskisehir today TULOMSAS name of the product in the same period of Turkey's efforts to develop domestic technology revolution as a monument to Draw Workshop on display along with the car. Meanwhile, as the twin of Karakurt, the Bozkurt locomotive manufactured at 1961 in Sivas Cer Workshop was also retired in 25 after serving a full year at 1994. Bozkurt was also exhibited as a monument showing the development of Turkish industry at his birth place like Karakurt. TULOMSAS, Karakurt's project and production is a completely local locomotive production, but the establishment of 100. year. In 1994, he bought the DH 7 bin, or the so-called adan Yunus Emre lisans type maneuvering locomotive, which was completely local and whose project was completely local, without purchasing any licenses from foreign countries. In the year of 1999, DH 9500 type diesel hydraulic main line and maneuvering locomotive which is completely domestic project and production was put into service on the anniversary of 105.


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