In London, the night underground will cost billions of dollars to the economy: In London, the capital of England, 19 The night-time flights that start on two evenings from Friday to Friday are expected to contribute a total of 15 billion pounds to the national economy in the coming 5,4 year.
153, the world's first metro, 19, will be available on 24 for two hours on weekends (Central & Victoria). In the autumn months, the expansion of the 5 line (Jubilee, Northern and Piccadilly) is planned at night.
Under the decision to launch London's night-time metro, 18,6 million foreign tourists visit the city's desire to strengthen the economy every year. The research of international companies also shows that the night metro will make a significant contribution to the city economy.
According to the calculations for Transport for London (TfL), which operates railways in London, the annual contribution of operating the metros on 24 hours on Fridays and Saturdays is at least 360 million pounds. In the 15 annually, additional support for the London economy is expected to be worth a total of 5,4 pounds.
According to the study by Ernst & Young, the contribution of the night metro to the economy in London can reach 2 billion pounds per year. It is estimated that businesses, cafes, bars and restaurants open until late in the night in London, with a population of approximately 8,6 million, have contributed to the British economy at around 2014 billion pounds, according to the official data of 17,7 year. The total volume of 66 billion in the whole UK is the London 40 alone. The size of the city's night economy is expected to reach around 2029 billion in 30.
- Tourists will be able to shop at night
Considering the aforementioned projections, the economic value of the night metro is also emerging for London. Foreign tourists who visit London every year spend an average of 15,6 billion pounds. In London, the metro line will be able to shop at night and continue spending on 24 hours.
The start of the night metro will make the city a much more attractive destination in terms of tourism, according to research by London-based research firm Volterra. I 1 of 78 in London pays for foreign tourists, UM the company said in a survey.
In the UK, the total number of employees in the service sector until late at night is estimated to be 720 bin. With the launch of the night metro and the updating of the licenses of the enterprises, the total employment is expected to reach around 2026 million in 1,6.
The need for night-time metro in London is not only due to entertainment demand. At night in the city around 101 thousand people working in health institutions, hospitals and retirement homes. The number of employees in the transport and transportation sector is about 107 thousand.
In London, which is one of the most expensive metropolises in the world, wage scale is higher and night jobs are preferred especially among immigrants. According to official data, about 2004 thousand new jobs were created at night in London between 2006-109.
- ”Metro will be the driving force in supporting hundreds of enterprises in increasing night employment ol
One of the first acts of Sadık Khan, the first Muslim Mayor of London, was to realize the promise of its predecessor, Boris Johnson, as the night metro. As a result of ongoing negotiations with the unions of subway employees for months, 19 decided to start the night metro at the beginning of the week in August.
In regard to the economic potential of the night metro, the Khan stated on the official website of the City of London, internet It is a very exciting opportunity for London to start the night metro. In this way, London's economy will reach its full potential during the night. In addition, the metro will be the driving force in the support of hundreds of enterprises in increasing their employment at night. M
Yaklaşık The night economy accounts for about 10 of London's total economy, ın says John Dickie, director of London First, London's first-ever business representatives. I Turning London into a city where the 24 hour continues is going to increase employment and increase well-being. X
- 153 annual history of the London Underground
For the first time, the idea of taking the trains from the underground was proposed by Charles Pearson, the lawyer of the City of London in 1845. When it is considered that the first steam train in public transport is used in 1830 in the UK, it can be said that it is a very early time for the same service to be given underground.
Pearson, who initially reacted to his ideas, succeeded in getting the metro project Kam trains from water canals ”to the House of Commons at 1853. Finally the construction of the world's first subway line began in March of 1860 in London. The desi Metropolitan Railway “between Paddington and Farringdon Street, the world's first subway, was opened in 10 January 1863.
Approximately 4 years later, the British Parliament and the ministries of the Westminster and South Kensington home to the lines were opened. Today these lines are known as District and Circle.
It is known that subway engineers started excavations under the ground by starting from the ın bedbugs lar progression system and formed the subway line by supporting the side walls and ceilings of small and simple tunnels.
The subway line that reaches the Bank The Bank ”area in London, which is still known as the center of global finance today (called Twopenny Tube) 1900 started its operations in. The numbers 20. In the first half of the century, the rapidly growing metro stations would have a function other than transportation. From September to 1940, where World War II took place, from May to 1945, almost all subway lines and stations were used as shelter. Today, some parts of Holborn and Aldwych stations are protected by the British Museum because of their historical significance.
By the end of 1977, it was possible to reach all terminals of Heathrow Airport, which is the biggest airport in London, by metro line. In 2003, da Oyster da, which is still used in London, is now being used. In 2007, the number of people using the London subway in a year reached 1 billion.
Today, the London Metro, which has a total length of 402 kilometers, serves with the 270 station. With approximately 10 million pounds of advanced drilling machines, new stations are opened almost every year and the metro lines are extended according to the speed of development of the city.