The world's longest tunnel opened the Gotthard Base: the longest and deepest railway tunnel in the world opened the Gotthard Base, with 57 mile length and 2 bin 300 meter depth, passing under the Swiss Alps and shortening the distance between north and south of Europe.
100 has been accredited as a media member at 300 to the opening ceremony where a thousand people are expected.
Christian, Muslim and Jewish clerics took part in the ceremony also took place.
The opening ceremony, which started at Rynacht, near the Uri Canton, was attended by Swiss Confederation President Johann Schneider-Ammann and many ministers.
Schneider-Ammann will be accompanied by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, President François Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi at the ceremony next to the canton of Ticino.
Construction began in the year 1999 and Turkey's Renaissance Construction also 10 billion euros have been spent for the construction of the tunnel was completed by the consortium are among them.
The project, which is expected to be completed in 2020, is estimated to cost 20,8 billion euros.
More than 17 thousand 2 workers took part in 500 construction.
During the construction of the tunnel 28,2 million tons of rock was removed from the underground.
Johannes Dotter, Chief Executive of Heitkamp Swiss, one of the Rönesans Group companies, explained that the 57 tunnel, consisting of two parallel single-line tubes with a length of one kilometer, exceeded the total length of the 152 kilometer along with cross passages, access tunnels and shafts.
The tunnel has a daily 65 passenger and 240 freight train capacity, Dotter said, adding that since last October there has been a test drive going around the world around 2 times.
A shortening distance between Europe's south and north of the tunnel, the city of Zurich from Switzerland to Milan, Italy will decrease by one hour to 2 hour 40 minutes.
The Gotthard Base tunnel crosses the 54-kilometer Seikan Tunnel in Japan and has achieved the title of an the longest railroad tunnel in the world Got.