Giant moves on transport

The giant move in transport: Liberalization in the economy led to a great revolution in the transport sector. The moves started in Ozal period, then accelerated after 2002. Airports, highways and high-speed trains with Turkey were linked together

Located in a strategic geographical position as a transit point as Turkey, with the liberalization of the transport sector is provided in parallel with the development of the economy after 1980 has scored important breakthrough. After the September coup, the only one-party government that came to work was the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. The 12-1995 has come to a standstill following the 2001, which led to a new one-party rule, due to economic crises and terrorism. In the transportation sector, which experienced a real revolution with a total investment of 2002 billion pounds, big trains were made in high speed trains, air transport, highways and sea transportation.

In 2002 714 thousand 6 kilometers divided road, including one thousand 101 kilometers highway, while at the end of the 2014 2 thousand 282 kilometers of the total length of the road, including the highway 23 thousand 716 kilometers. The number of provinces connected to each other in the divided way went from 6 to 75. Turkey acquainted with the High Speed ​​Rail line, 213 the first time in nearly a thousand kilometers long high-speed railway network in the country was built. 13 10 959 2014 12 485 9 350 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX In addition, the XNUMX thousand XNUMX kilometer-long railway line was renewed.

Marmaray, the engineering project of the century, became a reality. Marmaray, which connects Asia to Europe with the rail system under the Bosphorus, has so far carried the 70 million 200 thousand people. Until 2002, there were only 4 metro lines in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Konya. By the year of 2014, the number of urban rail systems, 280 kilometers, 590 kilometers, rail system, the number of cities 4'dan 11'e rose. also rose to the top position in the maritime sector with investments made by Turkey. At the beginning of the 2000, the Turkish fleet, which was the 19 in the world rankings, ranked 13. The number of shipments with 37 is also 73. Turkey's total cargo stowage reached from the 150 383 million tons million tons. This year Kanal Istanbul, Ankara-Istanbul High Speed ​​Line, Istanbul New Airport, 3. Mega projects such as the Bosphorus Bridge will be transferred to hundreds of projects in hospital, transportation, road and education areas. In addition, 65 is planned to invest public fixed capital in a billion pounds.

The biggest share of 64.9 billion investment allowance to be transferred within the scope of the Investment Program was the transportation sector with 30.6. General Directorate of Highways, 8.5 billion pounds with the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, 8 billion pounds with the Ministry of National Education, 6.1 billion pounds was the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications.

20 billion pounds will be transferred this year for 7.3 large projects. 13.4 billion lira resources were envisaged for projects involving big collective and consolidated state hospital, bridge structure, organized industrial zone and small water works. 5 billion lira will be transferred for 2.3 urban transportation projects in Istanbul. Kadıköy-Kartal-Kaynarca Metro Line, Kabataş-Mecidiyeköy-Mahmutbey Metro Line, Mahmutbey-Bahçeşehir Metro Line, Üsküdar-Altunizade- Ümraniye-Dudullu Metro Line, Kirazlı-Halkalı Metro Line will be built.

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