The train ticket that sheds light on history: The original documents and photographs of Son Calif Abdülmecid Efendi's exile journey and exile life appeared. Among the documents, there is a train ticket that exiles Abdulmecid and his family. Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu (Abdülmecid II) was the last Islamic Caliph. On 18 November 1922, the caliph was elected by the vote in the parliament and his duty ended on 431 March 3 with the law number 1924, which ended the caliphate. The law also included the removal of the Ottoman dynasty abroad. For this reason, Abdulmecid and his family were exiled abroad like other Ottoman dynasties.
Their journey with Simplon Express (Old Orient Express) was actually an exile with an unknown beginning and end for a new life for Abdulmecid and his relatives. When Switzerland and France were mentioned, the exile life of Caliph Abdulmecid ended when he died in Paris in 1944. To date, hundreds of articles from this period have been written, information has been shared, documents have been uncovered. Numerous photographs were also brought to the public agenda. However, new documents and photographs of these periods are still emerging from various archives. With these new details, the appropriate pieces of the puzzle fit in place.
The new information and documents reached by SABAH came out of the researcher Taha Toros archive, who died four years ago. New documents and photographs of the exile that Abdülmecid exited with his train by his relatives, will shed light on history. The most important of these documents is the ticket of the train they used to travel to Europe, where the caliph and his family were deported. Abdülmecid and his family opened the door of a new era from a comfortable life with magnificent palaces and a train journey. There was unclear information about when Abdulmecid and his companions set out. Thanks to the seal on the ticket, the history of this journey has been finalized.
ONE PIECE OF ALL GROUP
The caliph, his family and close colleagues, who took three taxis from Dolmabahçe Palace, were brought to Çatalca Train Station to go to Europe. Çatalca Train Station was chosen instead of Sirkeci to avoid any turmoil. New details about this historical journey have been reached. The ticket of the journey is like how many days the group arrived in Hungary… With this ticket we have reached, it turns out that he arranged a single ticket on behalf of the group. The information on this train ticket, such as the date, the city to be reached by the train, the city to be reached, and the number of people were filled in by handwriting. On the ticket, the numbers 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 11- 12, 13-14, 15-16 and 17 draw attention. These numbers are thought to belong to the seat or compartment. In the history part of the ticket, the seal stamped on the ticket as of March 4, 1924 contains the same date. The number of the ticket is 014645. The large size ticket, with its lower part, is filled with the world's leading hotel advertisements.
725 KILOLUK LUGGAGE
The family with all the comforts living in the palaces naturally left behind all their assets for a new journey. According to this new document and information, the last caliph and the accompanying people have a trunk of 725 kg in this journey. It is revealed by a pencil drawing study dated March 6, 1924, that the Ottoman dynasty, who was also the only painter member, and the train carrying the accompanying person, arrived in Hungary two days after the trip. In this pencil drawing, Abdulmecid describes a mountainous and wooded place. While passing through Hungary, Abdülmecid took advantage of the train stopping at a station and wrote the landscape on paper. The caliph also dropped the "Hungary, where my great ancestor was victorious" in the right-hand corner of the pencil drawing. When Abdulmecid and his friends arrived in Switzerland, the Bomonti Family welcomed them. The family settles in the Grand Alpine Hotel on the shore of Lake Leman (Lake Geneva).
I've never gone through politics
Another note that Abdülaziz's son wrote about in the press about the last Caliph, in his own handwriting, is among the new documents. In this note, Abdülmecid explains that he has never dealt with politics and preserves his neutrality.
WALKING IN THE NICE BEACH
After staying at the Grand Alpine Hotel on the shore of Lake Leman, Abdulmecid passed the coastal city of France in October 1924 and completed the rest of his life in France. In another new photo, it is seen that Abdulmecid, his daughter Dürrüşehvar and his private pen Hüseyin Nakıp Turan took a walk on the coast of Nice. In the photo, the elegance of Abdülmecid and his daughter draw attention. In the meantime, let us remind you that Dürrüşehvar was married to Azam Cah, the son of Hyderabad Order, one of the richest rulers of the world in 1931, and with this marriage he received the title of Berar Princess. Another photo from the archives is the portrait of Abdulmecid. What makes this photo special is that it has a note written by Abdülmecid in his own handwriting on the bottom left of the photo. In these lines written by Abdülmecid, “I am in love with my clerk Hüseyin Nakip Bey who attended my disastrous days like Ecdadı Gazi Turhan Bey. There are 10 zilhicce 1342 expressions and Hijri calendar information.
DOCUMENTS FROM NAKIPP BEY
We have accessed this historical document and information from İstanbul Şehir University, which has an archive of researcher writer Taha Toros. Ayhan Kaygusuz, the Library Director of the university, which gives a special importance to archiving, said that they are working on the file of Abdülmecid in the archive of Taha Toros and said: “This document and the information was conveyed to the great researcher Taha Toros. When we open the files, we encounter a very rich document and information. We are planning to open an exhibition for this period when the work of the Abdulmecid file is completed. ” We also learned the explanations about documents and photographs in Ottoman language from the History Student and Researcher Abdullah Karaaslan. - In the morning