With the Trans-European Networks policy, the integration and interoperability of the European infrastructure in the Transport, Energy and Telecommunication sectors is aimed, and technical standards and priority common interest projects are identified and financing opportunities are developed for these projects. The main objective of the TEN Policy is to create a single market for these three sectors, as well as to facilitate the functioning of the European Single Market.
The TEN Policy also links regional and national infrastructure to create a harmonious European infrastructure system. The TEN policy is expected to increase efficiency and efficiency in the following areas:
-Economic and Social Integration
- Free movement of persons, goods and services
- Development of developed regions,
- Limiting environmental effects
- Strengthening links with neighboring countries
- Competitive energy production and supply
- Increasing renewable energy production
-Energy supply security and effectiveness
Trans European Networks (TEN) Moroccan transport consists of three sub-headings as transport, energy and telecommunications.
The main purpose of TEN-Transport (TEN-T) is to establish the physical infrastructure of the 'Single European Transport Area' in order to facilitate the free movement of persons, goods and services among the Member States. To achieve this goal;
Network understanding of infrastructure investments,
Intersection centers (nodes) are planned for intermodal connection of different transport types,
Technical standards for existing and planned investments,
In order to increase the efficiency and efficiency of the infrastructure to be established, ITS has been adopted to the highest level.
The aim of TEN-Energy (TEN-E) is to build the necessary oil and gas pipelines for the energy markets in the Caspian, Middle East and North Africa regions to reach EU markets. .
The aim of TEN-Telecom (TEN-Telecom) is to establish an integrated telecommunication network and information society across Europe.
The most recent legislation on TEN consists of four basic Regulations. Three of these Regulations regulate the development of infrastructure in the transport, energy and telecommunications sub-sectors, and one regulates the financing possibilities for the development of infrastructure:
- Trans-European Transport Network: 1315 / 2013 / 11 / 2013
- Trans-European Energy Network: Regulation (EU) No 347 / 2013 17 / 2013, (EC) No 1364 / 2006 and (EC) No 713 / 2009 Text with EEA relevance
- Trans-European Telecommunication Network: Regulation (EU) No 283 / 2014 / 11 / 2014 / EC
- Trans-European Network Financing Instrument (CEF): Regulation (EU) No 1316 / 2013 / 11 No 2013 / 913 and (EC) No 2010 / 680
THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORKS POLICY
The concept of Trans-European Networks was first mentioned in the Maastricht Treaty (1993). The aim of the TEN policy is esi to integrate the European infrastructure in the Transport, Energy and Telecommunication sectors, to ensure the interoperability, in this respect to identify priority common interest projects by determining technical standards and to develop financing opportunities for these projects T.
In the context of TEN-T, the concept of corridor determined by the Transport Infrastructure Needs Analysis (TINA) studies conducted in the mid-1990 years was developed. In this context, TEN-T inductive maps with continuously updated TEN-T load and passenger corridors were determined. In the TEN-T Core Network, the 9 Main Corridor has been designated to be primarily funded: 1.Baltic-Adriatic, 2.North Sea-Baltic, 3.Mediterranean, 4. 5.Atlantic, 6.North Sea - Mediterranean and 7. Ren - Tuna. In the White Paper entitled ine European Common Transport Policy for 8: Time to Decision ine published in 9, importance was paid to eliminate the imbalance between transport modes and to eliminate connection problems. In this context, the TEN-T Guidelines were revised in order to solve the connection problems in the transportation infrastructure and the investments were aimed to focus on the infrastructure connections, and the TEN-T financing rate on the project basis was increased from 2001 to 2010. In this context, the development of high-speed train infrastructure with TEN-T projects aimed at shifting airway connection and freight transportation from road to railway. Çekirdek Road Map for the Single European Transport Area kadar published in 10 The triple existing high-speed train lines until 20, and by the end of 2011 the European high-speed train network has been completed by the transfer of a large part of the middle distance passenger transportation to the railways and by the TEN-T core until 2030 The completion of the network and the provision of high-speed train connections to all core network airports until 2050 were among the priorities of the EU.
TEN-E is designed to contribute to the development of the energy internal market, to improve supply security and to contribute to the economic and social cohesion of the EU. The priorities taken into consideration in the realization of TEN-E are: Providing connections with isolated electricity networks in the electricity sector, developing connections between member countries, strengthening the connections between member countries and third countries; In the natural gas sector, the delivery of natural gas to new regions, the connection of isolated gas networks, the development of reception and storage capacity, the increase of the transportation capacity by increasing the supply of gas pipelines.
FASLIN CONTINUING IN THE NEGOTIATION PROCESS:
The Introductory Screening Meeting of the Trans European Networks Chapter was held on 30 June 2006 and the Detailed Screening Meeting was held on 29 September 2006. Portuguese presidency will focus on negotiations with our country 27 September 2007 letter dated stated that Turkey sufficiently prepared and Trans-European Networks were invited to submit its Negotiating Position Document on the Moroccan. There is no opening criterion for Morocco. Chapter 19 was opened to negotiations at the Intergovernmental Conference in Brussels on December 2007.
Fasla one Technical Closure Criteria convenience for Turkey and the European Commission, 1692 / 96 numbered according to the state Decision modified on the future TEN-T network and said TEN-T network are being Europe have agreed interests on priority projects in the framework.
As a result of the work to meet the Technical Closure Criteria, the European Commission andHalkalı-Ankara-Sivas-Kars Railway Line Project has been agreed and met. European Commission Directorate General for Enlargement of the Trans-European Networks of No. 21 letter that Turkey meets the technical criteria for closing the chapter was sent to Turkey in March 18 2011.
On the other hand, the European Union published the revised TEN-T guidelines at the end of the year. In this context, Turkey has initiated in the framework of comprehensive network compliance activities to revise the TEN-T guidelines.
WORKS CONDUCTED IN THE SCOPE OF
Trans European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
The aim of the TEN-Transport, contacts between Turkey and the EU, creating a good transport infrastructure in order to facilitate the free movement of goods and services is to ensure that the articulation of the Trans-European Transport Network. Turkey, fast and reliable transport infrastructure and multi-modal transport network to be created and the Black Sea, Asia, attaches great importance to the provision of the necessary transport link between the Middle East and the Mediterranean regions of Europe.
In this framework, a Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment (TINA) Study was conducted in line with the relevant EU legislation and a uyumlu Core Network Data Update File ede was prepared based on this study. With the TINA study, priority infrastructure investment needs have been identified in order to link our country to the European infrastructure. Infrastructure projects aiming at strengthening the connection of our country with TEN-T and construction of its core network are carried out under IPA (2007-2013) under the Transportation Operational Program. Therefore, the projects under the Transportation Operational Program are prioritized based on the TINA study. Projects prepared within this scope are as follows:
Projects under construction:
- The Construction of the Ankara-Istanbul High Speed Line Köseköy - Gebze Section Project: The groundbreaking ceremony of the project was held on 27 March 2012 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2015.
- Rehabilitation and signaling of Irmak - Karabük - Zonguldak Railway Line Project: The groundbreaking ceremony of the project was carried out on 15 May 2012 and is expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2016.
Projects under planning:
- Samsun - Kalın Railway Line Project: The project is at the tender stage.
- Halkalı - Kapikule Railway Line Project: The project is planned to be financed under IPA II (2014-2020).
Projects in the Project Pool:
- Malatya - Narlı Railway Line Project
- Alayunt - Afyonkarahisar - Konya Railway Line Project
Trans European Energy Networks (TEN-E)
The EU wants to strengthen the electricity and gas networks between its borders and to ensure their integration and ensure a regular electricity and gas flow. With its strategic location between East resources with Western markets, Turkey attaches great importance to the realization of the said infrastructure projects.
Half of the energy consumed in the EU is imported from third countries. This rate is expected to reach% 2030 in 70. One of the objectives of the EU energy policy is that supply is not interrupted. There is an ever-increasing energy requirement for the EU to maintain its current development and continue its development. In order to overcome the energy problem, the EU attaches great importance to projects related to resource diversity and makes great efforts to realize these projects.
Turkey in the energy field with other countries in the region will enable closer co-operation and the facility in the context of energy security with the Southern Gas Corridor, which constitutes one of the EU's priorities life passed in Turkey and plays a major role in contributing to the EU's energy security. That's including gas transmission and interconnection projects provide integration with Turkey while Turkey's EU market, will contribute to the EU's security of supply and diversification of sources.
The European Union focuses on the 4 main target within the framework of the Southern Gas Corridor:
- Establish a physical connection between Caspian natural gas resources and Europe,
Reducing the risks related to transit transport,
Wholesale enhancing competition.
In this context, linkage studies in the field of natural gas between EU countries and Turkey is an ongoing work is being carried out to adapt the trading of energy resources. Turkey's energy consumption and west of the country with oil and natural gas producer position, serving as a bridge between the countries, when viewed in terms of energy security of our country is increasing its importance. Our country Turkey - Greece gas interconnection, the Baku - Tbilisi - Ceyhan and Kirkuk - have undergone large-scale projects such as Yumurtalik oil pipeline to life, Nabucco West, TANAP, Baku - Tbilisi - Erzurum gas pipeline Samsun - Ceyhan projects such as oil pipeline also carries out the necessary studies to realize.
Studies on the dissolution of the completion of the legal framework and technical problems related to the realization of cross-border electricity trade between the EU and Turkey are continuing. In this context, on September 18 2010, Turkey's electricity system ENTSO-E (European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity) Continental Europe Synchronous Area and connected to the parallel run test trials have been initiated. Trial Parallel Study consists of three stages: ”Period of Stability“ (period of non-scheduled energy exchanges), Dön Non-commercial electric exchange period arl and ır Commercial Electricity Exchange Period Deneme. The period of stabilization was completed in mid-February 2011, the non-commercial electricity shopping period started in February 2011 and completed in March 2011 and the commercial electric shopping period started in June 2011 and was extended to 2013 Autumn. ENTSO-E approved the decision on the permanent synchronous connection of the Turkish electrical system with ENTSO-E in April 2014. TEİAŞ-ENTSO-E connection will become a permanent connection with the signing of a long-term agreement. Negotiations on the draft Draft of the Agreement continue.
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