Tender preparations for Kanal Istanbul began: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that preparations for tenders for 'Kanal Istanbul' have started.
The Channel Istanbul project, which was announced in 2011 and has been controversial until now, was accelerated. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan recently announced that the tender process for the project will start soon. The international legal dimension of Kanal Istanbul project, in which the Black Sea and the Marmara will be connected by an artificial strait, is on the agenda again. So, do international agreements prevent the construction of Kanal Istanbul? What is the effect of Canal Istanbul on the Montreux Convention? Who determines the rules in the Channel? According to the news of Gülistan Alagöz from Hürriyet, Istanbul Bilgi University, Faculty of Law, Member of the Department of International Law; Assoc. Dr Dolunay Özbek said there is no provision prohibiting the construction of Kanal Istanbul in the sense of international law. Signed in 1936 and regulating the passage of the Bosphorus in the Montreux Convention, which does not hinder the channel project Özbek, the channel after the construction of the contract could be problems, he noted. Özbek said that the area of application of the Montreux Convention is not just the Bosphorus, but between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. Oğ The canal project covers only a part of this route. The merchant ships leave the center of Montreux in a sense. The applicability of the transition to the non-channel part of Montreux can generally create problems, as well as a concrete example. Turkey is the last ship of Montreux taxes and fees. These are applied to a round trip from the Straits. Will the fees for vessels using the Canal Istanbul be determined both as a channel fee and as a Montreux fare? Or will a 'half-wage açıkça be taken from the procedure explicitly set out in the Annex I of the Montreux Convention? All these have to be determined by Turkey. This is a multilateral contractual arrangement was brought to an area with Turkey's accusations that it is contrary to the law of unilateral intervention which led to his face again. They can also lead to questioning the rights gained in the year 1936 Turkey, "he said.
THROUGH NO BODY
Even if the channel constructed in Istanbul, Istanbul Uzbek emphasis can not legally ban the passage of the Strait, "termination of the Montreux Convention also does not have the power to ban commercial ships crossing the Turkey. On the other hand, in order to reduce the risk and traffic in the Bosphorus, the companies that want to give the channel fee and who are actually at risk will choose the Bosphorus again. Then the risk will not decrease. How to finance this project will be provided even if there is no fee. Ücret
Are warships through the channel
Information from the University Nilüfer Oral said, tr With the Montreux agreement signed at 1936, the border came from the Bosphorus. So what will happen in Kanal Istanbul? Mı We need to work to answer questions like whether warships will switch. Savaş Stating that the ships and tankers will not be obliged to use Kanal Istanbul, Oral said the use of the channel would be encouraged. indicating that the right to determine the details of the channel in Turkey oral, "Crossing boundaries and fee determination powers in Turkey. A good legal infrastructure is essential. The Montreux Convention should be protected. Mon
Kanal Istanbul properties
No alternative between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean The artificial waterway between the Black Sea and the Marmara will be opened in order to relieve the ship traffic in the Bosphorus. The length of the channel 40-45 mileage; The width will be 145-150 meter on the surface, and 125 meter on the base. It is stated that the excavation will be used for filling quarries and closed mines in airport and port construction.
The legal infrastructure of the Turkish Straits was determined by the 1936 Montreux Convention. Commercial and contract regulates the passage of military ships through the Straits, including Turkey, it is applied to countries not party as important for all parties. In the 1936 from the Bosphorus, an average of 4 thousand 700 ships were passing annually. Today 50 has exceeded one thousand. Oil transportation also increased to 150 million tons.