A city whose life changes with a train: There are cities, smelling history, taking you in and sharing its past, allowing you to settle accounts with yourself… Just like Germany's second largest city in Bavaria, Nuremberg.
Nurnberg is a city built on both sides of the 14 km long Pegnitz River. There are magnificent churches, historical artifacts and magnificent works in the city center. Located high in the city, Kaiserburg Castle is considered the symbol of the city. Outside the castle, modern life and skyscrapers are rising rapidly, defying recent history. It is a train that changed the fate of Nuremberg, one of the brightest cities of the 1800s. A train station was established in Nürnberg in the early 1800s. The mayor of the time ordered a locomotive from England. It took nine weeks to build this locomotive in England and eight weeks to bring it to Germany. The locomotive brought to Nuremberg with 100 boxes was assembled by carpenters and in 1835, a train journey from Nuremberg to Fürth was made for the first time in Germany's history. This event was a very difficult dream to come true at that time. Because the journeys were made only with phaetons and horse carriages. For example, it takes five days from Munich to Nuremberg by phaeton. The cost of this trip was as much as the annual rent of a three-bedroom apartment. With the arrival of the locomotive Nürnberg made a rapid exit. While the population of Nuremberg was around 1800 thousand in the early 22s, it was 1850 thousand in 55 and 1900 thousand in 250. The economy developed rapidly, new businesses opened and Nuremberg had its brightest days.
HITLER'S PROPAGANDA BASE
These trains changed the fate of the city centuries later. Because the famous dictator Adolf Hitler chose Nuremberg, his favorite city, as his base. In the 1930s, hundreds of thousands of people from all over Germany took the train and came to this city to listen to Hitler. About a million people would attend these rallies to see Hitler, even for a minute. Hitler used Nuremberg for propaganda from 1933 to 1938. The building where the dictator held their rally was to be a center where party members held their congresses, but it was left unfinished. This convention center actually reflected his personality. Because the congress center was surrounded by high walls and ceilings. This was a consciously chosen architectural style. Hitler, seeing himself in the giant mirror, wanted the people who entered to feel worthless. The center, which was one of the first bombed places with the war, was opened to tourists as a documentation center in the 2000s after being used as a warehouse for a long time. Nuremberg is now on its way to becoming a globally open metropolis with a 20 percent foreign population. Approximately 50 fairs are held annually in Nuremberg, one of the fastest growing exhibition centers in Europe. Known as the city where Siemens was founded, Nürnberg is also known as the center of Adidas and Puma. Nuremberg stands out with its music festivals and museums. There are about 10 museums in the city.
TWO SYMBOLS OF THE CITY
Nuremberg is known for its two world-famous foods. These are lebkuchen and bratwurst. We can call Lebkuchen gingerbread. Unable to find sugar in the Middle Ages, the people of Nuremberg made spicy breads with the honey they collected from the forest.