The train appeared on the horizon: since 1943, the 23 government started the countdown in the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed train project, which is the outdated 32 minister; 29 is scheduled to open in October 2014. So what are the features of this line, how are the suburban connections established? Where it is scheduled new lines of Turkey? Why has the project been so long overturned on 71 years ago? Why didn't the AKP government use the line passing through the Ayaş Tunnel, where 100 has invested millions of pounds?
The high-speed train, which will reduce the trip between Ankara and Istanbul to three hours, is on its ears. The train, which has been used for about five years between Ankara and Eskişehir, is planned to be raised to the date of 29 October 2014. Trial trials have already begun. As such, the questions also multiplied. There is much to wonder about the characteristics of the high-speed train line, suburban connections, new lines, how the different governments changed from the start of the project, and the reasons for delay.
Last stop Pendik
The most curious mistake first; Let's look at the features of the high speed train (YHT) between Ankara and Istanbul. Fast trains departing from Ankara will reach Pendik in three hours. Pendik will be the last stop after passing nine stops between the two cities on a 533 km route. The train will reach the last stop by passing through Polatlı, Eskişehir, Bozüyük, Bilecik, Pamukova, Sapanca, Izmit and Gebze respectively. Then with the suburban line in Pendik Kadıköy-It will be integrated into Marmaray from Ayrılıkçeşme. A passenger who passes to Sirkeci in this way, from there via the suburban line HalkalıNo one will ever get into traffic. Thus, uninterrupted transportation from Europe to Asia will be provided. With Gebze Halkalı There will be 42 units stations in total including three deep stations (Üsküdar, Sirkeci and Yenikapı). Approximately 76.5 mileage 105 will be folded in minutes. On the 29 October 2013 in the Ayrılık Çeşmesi-Kazlıçeşme section via Marmaray, the train operation was already started; the entire line with interconnections will be completed in 2015. In other words, those who are suffering from the removal of the suburban train on the Anatolian side should wait another year.
71 annual dream
So-speed train in Turkey, as Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's frequent mention, laying the foundations of the project, opening a completely Is the AKP's project? Turkey is enough to browse the history of the railroad's response to the problem. Turkey's high-speed train adventure begins 71 years ago. In 1943, the tunnel between Ayaş and Ankara-Istanbul is planned to be reduced to two and a half hours and projects are prepared and studies are carried out. However, the Democratic Party, which came to power when these works were completed, did not initiate any kind of investment due to the fact that the United States stipulated the aid. Moreover, our country's railway investments are the focal point of the ideological debate for a long time. The end of the project is given by the Demirel government in 30 after the 1975 year break. Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel, the leader of the ruling partner MSP, in the 1976, Necmettin Erbakan, is laying the foundation of the Ayaş Tunnel and hence the high-speed train line. The project, which the World Bank does not find appropriate, aims to realize the government of the National Front with its own resources. The project, which is scheduled to be completed in seven years since then, is exactly what the 23 government and 32 looks like.
Military coup on the fast train
After the project started, the first obstacle was the military coup in 1980. After the civilian rule, Prime Minister Turgut Özal stopped the construction of the Ayaş Tunnel on the grounds that'n the railway is the work of the communist countries Sivil and does not allocate any funds to the project. On the top of the high-speed train instead of Ankara-Istanbul highway construction begins. The project is once again abandoned to its fate. After more than 10 years, the work begins again and new studies are needed to be updated. The report, prepared by the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) whose short name is JICA, compares the high level rehabilitation of the existing line and the construction of the new speed line, which also covers the Ayaş Tunnel, and the maximum speed of 260 km / h and travel time of two and a half hours is expected to be appropriate. . Moreover, this project is more appropriate than the rehabilitation of the current line. However, despite all these efforts, a single nail does not fall for the project during these years. In 1991, Demirel tries to win the project again, but it is not possible to complete the Ayaş Tunnel, which will implement the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed train.
Delete new project from the start
The years pass by when the Ayaş Tunnel is not earthquake resistant. During the period of DSP-MHP-ANAP, MHP Transport Minister Oktay Vural prefers the improvement project that is awarded to Alarko group instead of Ayaş Tunnel. Even the rehabilitation project, the Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit'a, such as the Ayas Tunnel, the rumors are presented and approved. In the 2003, the AKP comes to power in the tender phase. The tender is held in this government period. The tender is awarded by a consortium of three partners, one Japanese and two Turkish companies. Until that date, the 628 million pounds buried, 100 million pounds more allowance to be completed if the Ayaş Tunnel project is being abandoned. Instead of the 2004 in 300 budget allocated for the 1.6 million pounds, the total cost of 9 is estimated to cost $ 1 billion. At 2004 May 13 its foundation is laid and the construction of the new project is actually commenced. Ankara-Istanbul YHT line is launched at 2009 March 24 via Eskişehir. It is followed by 2011 August 23 Ankara-Konya and 2013 March XNUMX followed by Eskişehir-Konya lines. Now the Ankara-Istanbul line is over.
Aya rack? What is the situation in Bursa-Izmir?
According to TCDD officials, the Ayaş line is not shelved; only the construction will proceed a little slow. Even a certain amount of money will be allocated to Ayaş route in each budget period (but no money has been allocated in recent years). They say, Konya It is best to reach Istanbul via Ayaş, but Eskişehir route also has other functions. Ulaşmak This line also benefits from the Konya high-speed train. In the next period, Bursa and Izmir routes will be connected to the same artery. Konya line until 2023 Antalya and Mersin until uzayacak.tcdd officials, the year of the establishment of the Republic of Turkey xnumx'ünc xnumx'ekad plan for the railways, which have made the case. Currently, the share of railways in freight transport is 100, while 2023 in passenger transport. It is aimed to increase these rates to 5 in 2 and to 2023 in freight transportation. The money to be spent in this process is calculated as 10 billion dollars.
628 MILLION TL HARCANAN AYAŞ TUNNEL
It was claimed that the Ayaş Tunnel project, which was not continued between Sincan-Ayaş, was spent on one billion dollars. The calculations of the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications show that the expenditure made is 628 million TL. According to the old plan, the construction of the tunnel, which is the most important part of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway, stopped after the 8 thousand meter was excavated and 78 was completed. Because the playful ground was found in the tunnel. The tunnel length, which was decided to be opened with the 'New Austrian Method', was increased from 7 bin 830 to 10 thousand 460 meters. This change increased the cost by 446 by the first discovery rate. In fact, when the tunnel was completed, the rest of the cost would not have been so large. Because the most appropriate route, as you can see from the map was understood here. But now the Ayaş Tunnel is in the abandoned construction site view. Rusted signs, workshops and hangars in ruins; The locomotives and wagons in the hangars are left to rot. Most of the rails are under ground. Tunnel Ankara Metropolitan Municipality wants to use as a cold storage depos Was it so much for the money store? Büyük he said.
THE FALL TO PAMUKOVA FROM THE KISS!
The Pamukova accident, which resulted in the death of an 2004 person in the 'Accelerated Train Project' and 41, is still alive in memory. The question cevap Is 132 speeding to the speed of the train engineer, guilty, or the current or even speed management? But we know this: In fact, the high-speed train project has already survived some things. Year, 1952 motorlu TCDD management bought two motor trains from Germany. Until 1954, 18 was also launched. The trains from MAN were composed of three wagons. Of course, they were far behind the current technology. They started to work in Ankara-Istanbul line. The train went up to 140 mileage at that time. Yeah, you didn't read it wrong, it did a full 140 mileage. At first everything went well. However, two months later, the locomotives' axles were cracked. Immediately the Germans were called and the review started. In the meantime, despite the crack in the axles, rails were observed to be tangential. After long research, the cause of the cracking was found. The weight of the locomotives was 15.5. In the agreement with the Germans, however, the weight was determined as 13.5 tons. The 2 surplus has caused the 140 mileage to crack and has brought passengers to the brink of disaster. When the situation was discovered, Kamil Necati, chairman of the reception committee who bought the trains, resigned immediately. Although there was no accident, the president's honorable behavior was accepted by the then administration. Then, the axle weights of the trains were lowered and the speed was lowered. Let's get back to the Pamukova accident. Although there was no radical change in the present, trains were ordered to speed. Moreover, the weight of the locomotives used at that time was no longer the 13.5 tone, but the 22 ton. There is a lot of difference between the 'high-speed train' and the 'accelerated train', especially the itinerary, but this is the first hand shot of Prime Minister Erdogan's railways. Then the Spanish were shaken hands, and the start of the current high-speed train.
ANKARA-ISTANBUL YHT PROJECT WITH MILESTONES
Ankara-Istanbul (Pendik): 533 kilometers
Eskisehir-Istanbul (Pendik): 266 kilometers
1- Eskisehir-Inonu: 30 kilometers
2- Inonu-Kosekoy: 124 kilometers
(YHT + 36 kilometers conventional)
3- Köseköy-Gebze: 56 kilometers
(Done with IPA funds)
4- Gebze-Pendik: 20 kilometers
(Under Marmaray Project)
Productions made within the scope of the project:
Ankara-Eskisehir tunnel length (1 pieces): 470 meters
Ankara-Eskişehir viaduct length (4 pieces): 4 km
Eskişehir-Köseköy tunnel length (34 pieces): 58 mileage 988 meter
Eskişehir-Köseköy drop tunnel length (27 pieces): 37 mileage 844 meter
Total Viaduct length (22 pieces): 10 mileage 230 meter
Total number of overpasses: 13
Total number of underpasses: 50
Total number of culverts: 180
There are 560 pieces locomotives, 179 pieces electric and diesel arrays, and eight fast train sets on the railways. The number of passenger cars is 997, while the number of freight cars is 19 bin 690. 11 and 28 thousand kilometers of the signal line rate of the 410 percent and nearly half of the renewed condition. Currently on these lines is the 3 gar and the station, 555 bin 270 level crossing. 2023 station's renovation work has been completed. TCDD's 22 year projection: The length of the railways will be 504 thousand 6 kilometers, and this will be the 792 thousand 49 high-speed train line. 600 will increase the number of freight cars to more than 74 passenger cars and the XNUMX high speed train set. Thus, a large part of the passenger transport will be provided by high-speed train.
The goal is to enter the world's first 10
One of the government's 2023 targets is to carry the 488 million passengers per year with the 70 voyage per day. Turkey's high-speed rail plans, Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications Minister Lutfi Elvan, we asked to.
How much resources have been transferred to the railway sector to date?
During the 2003-2013 years, approximately 32.5 billion TL was transferred to the sector. As in the first years of the Republic, we are building an 172 kilometer railway line in a year with the construction of the railway.
Eskişehir - Ankara - Konya triangle has a YHT ring. What has changed with this core line?
It is possible to differentiate the life of the high-speed train in Ankara, Eskişehir, Konya and the transportation system of our country before and after the HRC. The share of train transportation, which is 8 on the Ankara-Eskişehir line, increased to 72. YHT plus train connection to Kütahya and Afyonkarahisar, YHT plus bus connection to Bursa with a significant drop in travel time combined transport. Travel rate also started to increase. In the 200 coefficient while traveling in Europe, this figure in Turkey 20. Reasons to travel with YHT are diversifying. Previously, the travel for tourism purposes was 15, while this rate increased to 30. With YHT, it is possible to travel day by day. reasons, instead of moving his house, commuting / commuting began to be preferred. This contributed to family unity and budgets. Together with YHT, culture, art and sport organizations have also increased from the most important elements of urbanization. Especially young people discover cities with YHTs. It was easy to reach Ankara from the Mediterranean; YHT plus train from Konya to Karaman and Eregli, plus YHT plus bus connection to Antalya and Alanya. Konya-Eskişehir between five and six hours by bus to travel time decreased to two hours, again this connection was provided with Bursa connection. Research shows that HRCs transform the remaining cities within the 300-kilometer diameter into a suburb of each other.
2023 million passengers in 70 When finished, could you inform us about the number of passengers planned to be transported on the YHT lines?
With the realization of Ankara - Istanbul, Ankara - Izmir, Ankara - Sivas and Bilecik - Bursa projects, the total population of 46 of 36 million will be linked by high speed train. In the 15 targeted YHT annual passenger numbers; 2023 million between Ankara and Istanbul, 17.7 million between Konya and Istanbul, 4 million between Sivas-Istanbul, 1.8 million on Bursa - Ankara, 2.6 million on Bursa - Istanbul line, 3 million between Ankara - Izmir. 3.5 YHT passenger projection will be annually 6 million passengers with 2023 voyages every day.
Are trains run on high-speed rail lines?
High-speed train operation 250 requires infrastructure and train sets suitable for kilometers / hours. The 12 high-speed train set has been provided for the evaluation of the high-speed train lines opened to date. In addition, one of the seven sets of speeds of 300 per hour were taken, and six of them were under construction.
continue to build our high-speed and high-speed rail lines into operation when, how a table in the transportation system in Turkey will emerge?
The train is not just loved, but a preferred means of transportation. Our core YHT line is spreading from west to west, from north to south. The next stops of the high-speed train will be Sivas, Bursa, Izmir. The construction of these lines continues. YHTs will reach Erzincan in the east, Konya - Karaman - Mersin - Adana - Osmaniye in the south and Gaziantep and Şanlıurfa in the south. In summary, until 2023; 3 thousand 500 mile high-speed rail, 8 thousand 500 mile speed rail and a thousand kilometers of conventional railways 13 thousand kilometers by making the railway total 25 thousand kilometers to reach the rail length; renewal of all lines, completion of modernization; We aim to realize the national train project, to increase the rail transportation share to 10 on the passenger and to 15 on the load. Our aim is to be among the first 10 countries in the world.