The Eurasia Tunnel Marmaray: 29 Marmaray, which started its operation on October 2013, is one of the most important projects in the world that provides continuous rail transportation between the Asian and European sides under the sea. Sirkeci station, which is the deepest station of Marmaray line, was not opened due to incomplete preparations.
The preparations were completed and the 1 was launched as of December 2013. The first 15 days were free of charge, and in order to participate in the historic journeys that were being held between the two continents, the intensity was undesirable. After waiting for the density to decrease and the environment to calm down, I decided to make my historical journey between the two continents.
I entered Sirkeci Station with a depth of 60 meters from Sirkeci Station. I used 4 escalators and passed through long corridors to reach the perennial. It took me more than a minute to reach the perimeter. A route organized by young people and energetic. First I took the train to Yenikapı platform.
I wanted to see and take pictures of the entrance to Yenikapı Station. After a few minutes, we reached Yenikapı. Marmaray's Yenikapi Station is almost like a museum. The walls adorn the artifacts that reflect the history of the city to the 8 thousand 500 years ago. It's beautiful, I like it. I felt as if I was touring a museum.
I have learned that a protocol has been signed between Kadir Topbaş, Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, and Ms. Rakip Avdagiç, President of the Executive Board of Istanbul European Capital of Culture, to turn Marmaray Yenikapi Station into a an Museum Station Marmar. To be able to grasp the view of the museum with the turnstiles at the entrance of the station
In 2004, Istanbul Archaeological Museums started a major rescue excavation in Yenikapı within the scope of Marmaray Metro projects, one of the most important projects of the city. Archaeological excavations were carried out in one of the Byzantine ports for the first time in Istanbul's history. The ancient harbor, which was built in the mouth of the Lykos / Bayrampaşa Stream extending into the city, presented to archaeologists some of the world's greatest treasures. In the excavation area above the total 58 000 m2, traces of Ottoman were found.
Then, just a meter from the current sea level, one of the most important ports of Kostantinopolis and one of the largest known ports of the ancient world, Theodosius Port was reached. The port of Theodosius came to light. 37 found the 47 bin 8 footprint of the 500 thousand 2 years before 68 submerged ship as well as XNUMX bin exhibited work.
Some of the items that symbolize archaeological excavations that have uncovered thousands of works have decorated the walls of Yenikapı Station. I must say I like it a lot. According to the information I received from the Internet, the sculptor and glass artist Reyhan Çezik and chemical engineer Oktay Güner'in station decorated with a one-year work. One of the imitations of the wrecks near the station is the shipwreck known as YK12. YK12, which can survive to the present day by protecting a large part of its burden without being dispersed, has a special importance among the wrecks found.
The sunken YK8 12, which is about 9 meter long and has a small cargo boat. century. The boat that sank with many amphoras, even the captain's personal belongings, sank in the heavy storm, which is probably called the iht Leak Birçok and seen in summer.
In the captain's compartment, there was a straw basket with a stove, a casserole bowl, a cup and a cherry kernels. The cherry kernels in the wicker basket offer clues about the time of the boat sinking. Accordingly, the boat sank in May, perhaps bringing goods to the city's celebration celebrations.
Based on the shapes and structures of the amphoras found, it was estimated that they came from Ganos / Tekirdağ or from Crimea and carried wine. This replica, YK12's imitation of the 25 reduced by one-to-one. It is placed on a sea of hot glass to make it look better and attract attention.
2 bin 500 glass parts are made by hand and glued here. The station also contains stone books and finds. After taking my pictures, I went down to the peroe to take me to Üsküdar. I was very interested in the glass mosaics on the walls of the corridors that I walked down to the perona and they took their place in my photo archive.
Since we were in a time zone during working hours, the platforms and wagons were quite secluded. We reached the Üsküdar platform after 5 minutes. That was a great result. It was really great to reach the Asian continent from the European continent in five minutes under the sea. We would like to take a brief look at the history of Sultan Abdülmecit.
One of the dreams of Sultan Abdülmecit in 1860 is the Marmaray project. Thought, designed, but the real step of Marmaray was thrown by Sultan 2.Abdülhamit Khan. 1892, 1902, 1904 in the French, British, the Germans have prepared projects. They were all interrupted when they were dethroned at the 1909. At the end of the 1970 years in the Republican period, the project came up as follows.
However, the actual project work was carried out during the Turgut Özal period for the passage of rubber wheeled vehicles. It could not take place. In 1999, during Bülent Ecevit, opinions about being a rail system were overwhelmed and a contract was signed with the Japanese. However, the 1999 earthquake has caused our country to be devastated. Finally, the works started in 2004 were completed in 29 October 2013, even though they were delayed due to Yenikapı excavations.