TCDD General Manager Süleyman Karaman was the special guest of the November issue of Railway Private. We asked TCDD's expert about Marmara, which is discussed, wondered and discussed by not only the railway sector or transportation, but also not only the people of Istanbul, but also all parts of Turkey. TCDD General Manager Süleyman Karaman both told what was wondered about Marmaray and gave information about the vision of the railways in a broad perspective that extends not only to 2023 but to 2035.
We talked with Süleyman Karaman, General Manager of the Republic of Turkey State Railways, one of the most important names in the Turkish railway industry, about the Marmaray project, which has been on the agenda of our country with its grand opening and an ambitious slogan such as the “project of the century”. TCDD takes part in the project as the operator of the opened part of Marmaray. While General Manager Süleyman Karaman gave information about Marmaray, he also made statements about the present day of the Turkish railway industry and its targets until 2035. Karaman said that they expect approximately 700 million passengers will be transported annually when Marmaray is completed and that Istanbul's traffic problem will be solved to a large extent, and that they aim to increase the railway network to 2035 thousand kilometers for 31.
We would like to listen to Marmaray who is sitting on the agenda with its activity. How was the Marmaray project started and what kind of features was put into service?
The Marmaray Project is a world project that has been designed in 1860 in Istanbul, and has been a center of thought for more than a century and has been the cradle of many civilizations throughout history. Eci Engineering-Consultancy Services ”,” Gebze-Haydarpaşa, Sirkeci-Halkalı It consists of four sub-projects: dört Improvement of Commuter Lines ali, işi Construction and Electromechanical Systems ek and rom Railway Bosphorus Tube Crossing and Railway Vehicle Production B.
With this project, the Asian and European continents were connected to each other by rail between Beijing and London through a seamless railway network.
The Silk Road route, where trade routes have been found since centuries ago, has been combined with iron nets with the Bosphorus Tube Pass in the 2013 kilometer, where 29 Year 14 October Republic Day was passed to intercontinental passenger transportation.
What can you say if you want to give information about the technical details of Marmaray?
The project has a design life of one hundred years and is designed according to the 90 seconds train operating range. Within the scope of Bosphorus Tube Crossing Work, the railway is built in the 55 meter depth and is the project that includes the deepest railway and underground station in the world. With Gebze Halkalı 3 58 42 track station where 76,5 will be located in 105 deep station (Üsküdar, Sirkeci-XNUMXm. depth, Yenikapı) between XNUMX and XNUMX will take place in minutes and in many points (Söğütlüçeşme-Ayrılık Fountain-Üsküdar-Sirkeci-Yenikapı) will be integrated with transportation networks. Gebze-İbrahimağa and Kazlıçeşme-Halkalı The 3 line will be made between XIUMX and XIUMX line between Ayrılık Çeşmesi and Kazlıçeşme.
Can you give information about passenger transport, stops and other numerical data about the project?
With the completion of the project, approximately 700 million passengers will be transported annually and significant traffic will be provided in Istanbul's traffic from the largest metropolitan cities with a population of around 15 million. In a single direction, 75 carrying capacity of one thousand passengers per year, carrying more than 11 million tons of cargo per year (as of June 2015 freight transport can be carried out) capacity in the project all the calculations were made according to 2025 projection.
440 units of electric suburban series consisting of 54 vehicles and 100 train sets that will provide transportation in the project route are manufactured by Hyundai Rotem Company in South Korea. The Marmaray series for the remaining 340 vehicles were produced at the EUROTEM Factory in Adapazarı, a subsidiary of Hyundai Rotem Company and TCDD.
Since we are still carrying free transportation in Marmaray, it is not possible to provide the exact number of passengers. 29 15 10 06.00 24.00 216 1650 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX Approximately XNUMX passengers are moving at a time.
On the 29 October 2013 in the Ayrılık Çeşmesi-Kazlıçeşme section, train operations were started. Gebze-Halkalı 2015 is expected to be completed in mid-XNUMX.
What is the duty of TCDD in Marmaray?
The Marmaray Project is being constructed by the General Directorate of Infrastructure (AYGM). The part of the project, Çeşme-Kazlı Çeşme, was completed and transferred to TCDD for operation.
What will be the easiness of Istanbul transportation with the project?
29 The trip time between the two continents 13,6 fell to the minute with Marmaray, consisting of the Ayrılık Fountain, Üsküdar, Yenikapı, Sirkeci, Kazlıçeşme stations and an 4 kilometer route.
Kazlıçeşme-Halkalı and the separation of the Gebze lines and the separation of the Gebze lines, the integration of the stations to the metro standard and integration with the YHT line will increase the share of the rail system in the urban transportation of Istanbul from 12 to 28.
Marmaray, located on the international railway transportation corridor on the European-Asian axis, Ankara-Istanbul High Speed Train Project and Halkalı-Kapıkule High Speed Train Project and planned in the future (Kars-Tbilisi-Baku Railway Construction Project, railway projects between Edirne-Kars, etc.) will be an important part of the national and international railway transportation network integrated with other projects.
One of today's most important issues is environmental awareness and ecological balance. What is Marmaray's sensitivity to these issues?
With Marmaray, 425 thousand tons of toxic gas will not enter the atmosphere annually. Maximum environmental sensitivity was shown while carrying out this project. Many factors were taken into account, from the spawning period of the fish to the fact that they did not interfere with their migration routes. More than 35 thousand historical artifacts were brought to the history of world civilization. Istanbul began to be called before and after the Marmaray, because the known history of Istanbul increased from 6 to 8 years with the historical artifacts found.
Can we learn the 2023 targets of the railway from the most authoritative mouth of the sector like TCDD?
As determined in the 11th Transport Council held by the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, the 2023 and 2035 targets-projects of our railways will have a great role in the construction of a new Turkey. One of our goals is to reach a total railway length of 3.500 thousand kilometers in 8.500, by building 1.000 thousand kilometers of railways, including 13 kilometers of high-speed railway, 2023 kilometers of high-speed railways and 25 kilometers of conventional railways. Another target we focus on is the completion of the renewal of all lines by renewing 4.400 kilometers of lines, and increasing the share of rail transport to 10 percent in passenger and 15 percent in freight. In addition to these; We are working on completing the liberalization process of the railway sector, establishing national railway standards, ensuring the effective and continuous implementation of the Safety Management System at all levels of infrastructure and management, and making it a sectoral culture. Issues such as disseminating and branding the developed "National Signal System", making existing vehicles suitable for high-speed train lines, and manufacturing all kinds of railway vehicles in our country are of utmost importance. In addition, logistics centers with load potential, factories, industry, OIZ and ports by increasing the junction line connections, ensuring the development of combined and freight transport, establishing and putting the Railway Transportation Institute into operation, supporting the national railway industry and R&D, and providing all kinds of railway technology. We also have goals such as the development of international railway corridors and the development of international railway corridors.
Well, if we go beyond the 2023, we have a set of 2035 targets. What are these?
Yes, if we talk about our 2035 targets, 6 can be counted as a thousand kilometers by adding extra rail to 31 thousand kilometers, completion of the railway industry with high technology infrastructure and marketing of railway products to the world. Other important issues include the development of intelligent transport infrastructures and systems, the establishment and expansion of international combined transport and rapid supply chain management, as well as a global presence in the field of railway research, training and certification. Finally; 20 is one of the targets of the 15 to reach 2035 and XNUMX in rail freight transportation and to reach XNUMX in rail freight transportation by completing railway lines and connections in straits and gulf passages.