Energy and automation in rail systems

Energy and automation in rail systems: In the 21 century, rail systems that will stand out in the area of ​​safety, speed, capacity and energy efficiency are developing in the area of ​​automation and energy efficiency. While the automation of rail systems will ensure the optimization of all processes in the transport process, the rail systems that will produce their own electricity will open the door to low-cost transportation independent of fossil fuels.
As the forerunner of the future of travel and transportation, rail systems are preparing for the coming years with new technologies developed by engineering companies around the world. Two main factors that will increase the safety, capacity and energy efficiency of rail systems appear as electricity and automation.
Automation, operation control systems, inventory and maintenance management, fleet management, personnel deployment planning and passenger information systems. Transport companies and states are shifting to computer-based systems to improve the control of train fleets, control of interconnected systems, load-bearing capacity of railways, safety in crossroads, communication and cargo automation.
Another factor that will significantly improve efficiency in rail systems that will be integrated with smart grids in the future is electric locomotives. Instead of conventional engines that convert fuel to energy, the system that will enable each unit to produce its own electricity will be the key to environmentally friendly and energy-optimized transport. Electric energy will be transferred to trains by rail lines and different trains will distribute energy to the railway network.
Voltage, current, and contact system based on three Paramter as 'electrification systems', today is spreading rapidly in European countries including Turkey.
Developing railway infrastructure management provides distribution of energy and voltage control in rail network networks. The electricity will be transferred to the wagons via the power line on a third rail or trains on the railway, while the surplus voltage will be controlled by advanced preventive systems.
Even though the infrastructure costs are high and the installation takes time, the electrification systems will make the railways independent from conventional fuels, the energy efficiency will be significantly increased, the maintenance cost will be reduced, the frequent technical faults will be eliminated and the system control and control will be easier. Moreover, engine wastes that cause air pollution will be eliminated, especially in residential areas.
Today in France, including Turkey, Britain, the Netherlands, Spain and Belgium 25 kilo volts (kV) high-speed train systems operating under the present.

Source : I

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