Marmaray | Sultan Abdulmecid dreamed, Erdogan realized: Marmaray, one of the biggest projects in the world, is coming into service on October 90, the 29th anniversary of the Republic. Sultan Abdülmecid's dream “The Project of the Century” will be opened by Gül and Erdoğan.
Marmaray, one of the largest projects in the world, is coming into service on October 90, the 29th anniversary of the Republic. Sultan Abdülmecid's dream “The Project of the Century” will be opened by Gül and Erdoğan.
Turkey between the continents of Europe and Asia, is counting the days for the Marmaray of the world's largest and most important project that will provide an uninterrupted transport under the sea.
The giant project, which will open with the summit of the state at the summit of the state on October 90, the 29th anniversary of the Republic, has already attracted the attention of the whole world in terms of its technological infrastructure, economic size, the momentum it will bring to railway transportation and many other innovations. However, the meeting with Turkey's age-old dream of 1,5 it was not that easy. Also known as 'The Project of the Century', Marmaray has a long and challenging production story of 153 years.
Sultan Abdulmecid imagined
The first thought about a railway tunnel that would pass under the Bosphorus was expressed in 1860 by Sultan Abdülmecid. The passage under the Bosphorus was first planned as a tunnel placed on the columns built on the seabed. This idea was evaluated further in the following period and a design was developed in 1902.
This design envisaged a railway tunnel under the Bosphorus, but a tunnel placed on the seabed was mentioned in the design. Since then, many different ideas and thoughts have been tried and new technologies have turned into design. The desire for a railway public transport connection that passed under the Bosphorus increased gradually in the early 1980s and the first comprehensive feasibility study was carried out in 1987.
As a result of the studies, the route determined in today's project was determined as the best route. The project, which was outlined in 1987, was discussed in the coming years and in 1995 it was decided to carry out more detailed studies and studies and to update the feasibility studies, including passenger demand forecasts in 1987.
First digging hit in 2004
These studies were completed in 1998, showing the accuracy of the results obtained before, revealing that the project will offer many advantages to people working and living in Istanbul and will reduce the rapidly increasing problems related to traffic jams in the city. In 1999, Turkey and Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) signed a financing agreement between.
This loan agreement formed the basis of the financing envisaged for the Istanbul Bosphorus Crossing section of the project and tender documents were prepared for the project in March 2002. In the same year the throat tube passage and with the approach tunnel 4 station construction covering contract BC1 Railway Bosphorus Tube Crossing Construction, Tunnel and Stations work has been tendered, signed with May 2004, contractual joint venture of the tender in August 2004, Turkey 1,5 centenarians The first pickaxe was hit for his dream.
First tube tunnel was sunk in 2007
The first of the 11 tunnel, which will ensure the passage of Marmaray under the Bosphorus, was immersed in the sea at 24 March 2007 with the participation of Transport, Maritime and Communications Minister Binali Yıldırım and the General Director of DLH General Director Ahmet Arslan.
The last of the tunnels placed deeper under the sea in the world was also attended by Minister Yıldırım.
Prime Minister Erdogan made the first rail source
Turkey's 150-year dream, a new milestone in Ayrılıkçeşme on January 15, 2012 held at the tunnel entrance. Prime Minister Erdogan made Marmaray's first rail source in Ayrılıkçeşme on January 15 last year.
Prime Minister Erdogan, in the engineer's seat
The first test drive 4 was held on August 2013 in the Marmaray Project, which will connect not only the Anatolian and European sides, but in a sense between Beijing and London. Prime Minister Erdogan sat on the first test drive. Erdogan, using the train he traveled from the Asian side of the Bosphorus to the European side of the Bosphorus.
Turkey, counting the days to the age-old dream of 1,5
Turkey, the imaginary to wait 150 years, thousands of workers, technical experts and engineers in 1343 as a result of the study will have the 90th anniversary of the Republic. Marmaray, which will connect Asia and Europe with a rail link from under the sea, will be opened on October 29 by President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Erdogan.
The Marmaray Project consists of 5 stations, three of which are underground. The first station of Marmaray is Ayrılıkçeşme, Kadıköy-It will be integrated with Kartal-Kaynarca metro line.
2 continental 4 minutes
Travel time in Marmaray, Gebze and Halkalı 105 minutes between XnUMX minutes between Bostancı and Bakırköy, 37 minutes between Söğütlüçeşme and Yenikapı, 12 minutes between Üsküdar and Sirkeci.
In Marmaray, which aims to transport 75 thousand passengers per hour in one direction and an average of 1 million 200 thousand passengers per day, ticket prices are determined as 1,95 lira, as in urban transportation. Citizens will be able to use Istanbulkart in Marmaray. After the opening, Marmaray's business will be transferred to the General Directorate of TCDD.
The share of rail systems in urban transport will increase significantly
Marmaray, which will increase the share of rail systems in urban transportation to 28 percent and significantly reduce the traffic problem of Istanbul, will be connected to the Istanbul Metro as well as the Istanbul-Ankara High Speed Train Line.
Historical works to be exhibited
In the archaeological excavations carried out in the Marmaray excavations, 35 shipwreck was removed from the 13 with more than a thousand historical monuments.
These historical values will be exhibited in the Arkeopark and Marmaray Museum, which will be established in the region that is described as Yenikapı 100 islands.
Source : gundem.milliyet.com.t is