Marmaray | Sultan Abdulmecid imagined, Erdogan realized

Marmaray | Sultan Abdulmecid imagined, Erdogan realized: Marmaray, one of the world's largest projects, the Republic's 90. Anniversary 29 is launched in October. Gül and Erdoğan will make the opening of the açıl Century Project Erd, the dream of Sultan Abdülmecid.
One of the world's biggest projects Marmaray, the Republic's 90. Anniversary 29 is launched in October. Gül and Erdoğan will make the opening of the açıl Century Project Erd, the dream of Sultan Abdülmecid.
Turkey between the continents of Europe and Asia, is counting the days for the Marmaray of the world's largest and most important project that will provide an uninterrupted transport under the sea.
90 of the Republic. 29, the foundation year of which will be opened with the participation of the world's leaders and the summit of the state in October, has already attracted the attention of the whole world for its technological infrastructure, economic size, the acceleration of railway transportation and many other innovations. However, the meeting with Turkey's age-old dream 1,5 it was not that easy. Marmaray, also called the 'Project of the Century', has a long and challenging construction story at 153 annually.
Sultan Abdulmecid imagined
The first thought about a railway tunnel going under the Bosphorus was expressed by Sultan Abdulmecid in the year of 1860. Passage under the Bosphorus was planned as a tunnel over the columns built on the seabed. This idea was further evaluated in the following period and a design was developed in 1902.
This design envisions a railway tunnel passing under the Bosphorus, but in the design, a tunnel over the seabed was mentioned. Since then, many different ideas and ideas have been tried and new technologies have evolved into design. The desire for a public transport link under the Bosphorus has increased steadily in the early years of the 1980 and the first comprehensive feasibility study was carried out at 1987.
As a result of the studies, the route determined in the present project was determined as the best route. The project, outlined in the 1987, was discussed in the following years, and it was decided to update the feasibility studies at 1995, including further detailed surveys and studies and passenger demand estimates at 1987.
First digging hit in 2004
These studies were completed in 1998, and the results showed the accuracy of the results obtained and showed that the project would offer many advantages to the people living and working in Istanbul and would reduce the rapidly increasing problems associated with traffic congestion in the city. In the 1999 Turkey and Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) signed a financing agreement between.
This loan agreement was the basis for the project's financing for the Istanbul Bosphorus Crossing and the tender documents were prepared for the project at March 2002. In the same year the throat tube passage and approach BC4 contract covering the 1 station construction with tunnels Railway Bosphorus Tube Crossing Construction, Tunnel and Stations work has been tendered, signed with the May xnumx't contractual joint venture of the tender in August for xnumx't Turkey's 2004 centuries-old dream first digging was hit.
First tube tunnel was sunk in 2007
The first of the 11 tunnel, which will ensure the passage of Marmaray under the Bosphorus, was immersed in the sea at 24 March 2007 with the participation of Transport, Maritime and Communications Minister Binali Yıldırım and the General Director of DLH General Director Ahmet Arslan.
The last of the tunnels placed deeper under the sea in the world was also attended by Minister Yıldırım.
Prime Minister Erdogan made the first rail source
150 years, Turkey's dream, a new milestone in January 15 2012 Ayrılıkçeşme was held at the tunnel entrance. Prime Minister Erdogan, last year 15 January in Ayrilikçeşme Marmaray made the first rail source.
Prime Minister Erdogan, in the engineer's seat
The first test drive 4 was held on August 2013 in the Marmaray Project, which will connect not only the Anatolian and European sides, but in a sense between Beijing and London. Prime Minister Erdogan sat on the first test drive. Erdogan, using the train he traveled from the Asian side of the Bosphorus to the European side of the Bosphorus.
Turkey, counting the days to the age-old dream of 1,5
Turkey, 150 years to wait for that dream, thousands of workers, technical experts 1343 and 90 Republic as a result of the work of the engineers. anniversary. Marmaray, which will connect Asia and Europe with sea rail connections, will be opened in October by President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Erdoğan.
The Marmaray Project consists of 5 stations, three of which are underground. The first station of Marmaray will be integrated with the Kadıköy-Kartal-Kaynarca metro line.
2 continental 4 minutes
Travel time in Marmaray, Gebze and Halkalı 105 minutes between XnUMX minutes between Bostancı and Bakırköy, 37 minutes between Söğütlüçeşme and Yenikapı, 12 minutes between Üsküdar and Sirkeci.
75 thousand per hour in one direction, 1 thousand passengers per day 200 thousand passengers in the targeted transportation prices in Marmaray 1,95 pounds as in urban transportation was determined. Citizens will be able to use Istanbulkart in Marmaray. After the opening, the operation of Marmaray will be transferred to the General Directorate of TCDD.
The share of rail systems in urban transport will increase significantly
Marmaray will increase the share of rail systems in urban transportation to 28 and will significantly reduce the traffic problem of Istanbul. Marmaray will be connected to the Istanbul-Ankara High Speed ​​Train Line as well as the Istanbul Metro
Historical works to be exhibited
In the archaeological excavations carried out in the Marmaray excavations, 35 shipwreck was removed from the 13 with more than a thousand historical monuments.
These historical values ​​will be exhibited in the Archaeopark and Marmaray Museum, which will be established in the region called Yenikapı 100 island.

Source : is

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