Everything about MARMARAY from A to Z is here

A to Z information on the Marmaray everything right here: the 90th anniversary of the Republic of Turkey's first 13.5-kilometer section of the Marmaray tunnel opens into service. The project, which has been ongoing for nine years, will connect Kazlıçeşme to Söğütlüçeşme in 15 minutes, and the distance between Üsküdar and Sirkeci will be reduced to four minutes. So what will the 'project of the century' add to our lives? Whose rent will increase, whose road will be shorter? What are the criticisms made to the giant investment? Will it really be a solution to Istanbul traffic?
What is Marmaray?
A 76-kilometer-long metro to the city, which connects the railways on both sides of Istanbul with the tube tunnel built between Üsküdar and Sirkeci. kazanThe name of the project to run. Its foundation was laid in 2004, it was expected to be finished in 2009. But it opens on October 29, 2013, with a four-year delay.
Which routes will work?
Marmaray; Except for the Istanbul Bosphorus crossing, it will work on the route of the existing suburban line. However, Istanbulites only for now Kadıköy will benefit from an underground section of 13.5 km between Kazlıçeşme. Because the rest Kazlıçeşme-HalkalıAccording to the official announcements for the 62.5 mileage between Haydarpaşa and Pendik, we need to wait two more years. Many stations were still unfinished, the construction activity was continuing at full speed.
Which stations will be opened in the first stage of Marmaray?
Kazlıçeşme, Yenikapı, Sirkeci, Üsküdar, Ayrılıkçeşmesi and Söğütlüçeşme.
How many minutes, where?
Gebze-Halkalı 105 from Bostancı-Bakırköy, 37 from Söğütlüçeşme-Yenikapı and 12 from Üsküdar-Sirkeci will be between 4. The authorities are currently in Gebze and Halkalı 185 minutes between the time, Marmaray'la this time is half by half, he says.
What is the cost of Marmaray?
The cost of Marmaray, funded by the Jica-Japan International Cooperation Bank, the Council of Europe Development Bank and the European Investment Bank, is expected to reach 9.3 billion. For the project so far 5 billion 192 million 158 thousand TL was spent. Only this year, 1 billion 504 million 140 thousand TL will be spent more.
What are the handicaps of the project?
It is stated that the immersed tube tunnel between Üsküdar and Sarayburnu is worrisome by liquefaction in an earthquake, and the millennium is placed in rotten sludge layers that can cause tunnel disasters. The world's most intense time ship, which hosts the speed of the 11 kilometers per hour flow rate, the North Anatolian Fault Line 16 kilometers and 30 7.5 65 in the next year and the possibility of an earthquake up to XNUMX XNUMX also expressed the other concerns.
Will Marmaray cover the travel movements of Istanbul?
The number of motor vehicles in Istanbul has increased rapidly over the last year. During the early hours of the morning, the rates of travels to the historical peninsula, Bakırköy and Zeytinburnu districts on the European side decreased, while travel rates for the Küçükçekmece, Büyükçekmece and Avcılar districts at the western end of the city increased. During the last 10 year, during the peak hours of the morning, the journeys to the south of the European side fell from 10 to 40, while 31 to 57 went from 66 to XNUMX. This is due to new employment areas on the European side, in the districts north of the Golden Horn, and especially on the axis of Zincirlikuyu-Maslak.
How real is the promise that Marmaray will carry 75 thousand passengers an hour?
It is claimed that the number of 2 million 700 thousand passengers claimed to be transported by Marmaray project is unrealistic. According to experts, this figure is the capacity of Marmaray. The total number of passengers of all Bosphorus crossings is 1 million 25 215 maximum XNUMX.
Will Marmaray harm the ecological balance of the Bosphorus?
Hydrobiologist Bülent Artüz, one of the leaders of the Project on Monitoring Oceanographic Conditions in the Sea of ​​Marmara, said that Proj The tube passage was constructed to form a threshold on the ground. The threshold threshold of the dirty wastes poured into the Bosphorus and the length of the obstacle increased. Therefore, the pollution in the Bosphorus became more and more kept. The effects of this will be felt for several years more. Bun
Will rents increase with Marmaray?
This increase in real estate values ​​with the effect of the rail system, Kadıköy and 20% rent in Pendik and 36% increase in Umraniye. www. According to the data of sahibinden.com; KadıköyWith the influence of the metro line that will be integrated into the Marmaray and metrobus line, it has become the transportation hub of both the Asian and European sides. In Pendik Kadıköy-It is the favorite of tenants with its proximity to the Eagle metro, zero housing projects and proximity to the airport.
Marmaray with figures
76.3 km-Total line length
1.387 m-Tube tunnel length
9.8 km Drilling tunnel length
100 km / h - Maximum speed
13.6 km- Underground tunnel length
% 1.8 Maximum-inclination
10 minutes - Maximum time interval
440 (2014) - Number of wagons available
Average station range - 1.9 km.
Number of stations on the surface 37

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