The third airport will be the 7th in the world: When it is completed, Istanbul's new airport with a capacity of 150 million passengers / year, which is targeted to be one of the largest airports in the world, will be the seventh largest mega square in the world with an estimated 77 million square meters. For now, we can only compare the 3rd airport of Istanbul with similar squares with the size of the area. Undoubtedly, the main criterion is passenger and aircraft traffic, as it is easy to build the square, which can accommodate 150 million passengers / year, and it is difficult to operate it at full capacity. However, as of now, as we are unable to estimate the capacity utilization rate of the new square, we have ranked it among the airports that occupy the most space. As claimed, the 3rd airport will not be the largest in the world and will be among the 10 largest airports in terms of space. However, it has to be taken into account that there are vacant ones after it has been implemented as a big square.
In front of Istanbul's 3rd airport, there are squares from Saudi Arabia, Canada, the United Arab Emirates and the USA. Time will show how new the airport will sit in the passenger reception with a total of 6 runways and 500 aircraft parking areas. The fact that its location has a challenging geography, the stone and coal mines that open deep holes, the elimination of code differences are the most troublesome in the construction of the new airport of Istanbul. But it is necessary to underline that many big mega squares in the world share similar fate with the new airport to be built in Istanbul and that they are built on difficult areas. Now, if you are ready, let's take a look at the 10 biggest mega airports in the world.
1- King Fahd Airport (KFIA) (768 km2)
It is located 25 km from Dammam in Saudi Arabia. The airport is 768 km2, the largest in the world as an area. The airport, whose infrastructure was completed in 1990, was first used as a base by the 1991st Airborne Division in the Desert Storm operations in the Gulf War in 101. After the war ended, the airport was completed and put into service in 1999 by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia. The airport, still in operation today, is the third main hub (HUB) in Arabia. The airport hosted 2012 million 5 thousand passengers in 267. King Fahd is even larger than Bahrain with its footprint.
2- Montréal-Mirabel Airport (396.6 km2)
The largest airport in Canada, with 396.6 km2, Mirabel was opened on October 4, 1975. The port, which is currently used only for cargo purposes, was designed for passengers during the times when Canada experienced an economic boom. The airport, which was designed as a fairly large facility, was never completed. With the increase of long-range jets in the 1980s, the need to stop in Montreal on trans-atlantic flights led to the closure of the passenger section of the airport after a while.
3- King Khaled Airport (316 km2)
King Khalid Airport, established in 1983, has an area of 316 km2. Meeting the domestic and international flights of Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia, Halid includes two parallel runways, a mosque, a royal exhibition, a shopping center and a cargo complex. Since the airport is located on a large area, a city was created for the employees within the facility. During the construction of King Khalid, which spread over a wide area in the middle of the desert, serious problems were encountered with water. This airport was used as a military base by US forces like King Fahd during the Gulf War.
4- Dubai World Central Al Maktoum Airport (220 km2)
You may not have heard of Al Maktoum Airport, which opened on June 27, 2010, in Dubai. Because to date, it has only been used for cargo operations. However, with a new terminal added to the 220 km2 airport, it will begin passenger service on 27 October 2013. The project, which has just completed its first phase, is planned to have an annual capacity of 200 thousand tons of cargo and 5 million passengers. Although the construction phase of the airport was planned to be completed in 2017 when it first started, these plans for the facility were delayed for 2007 years due to the global crisis in 2012-10.
5- Denver Airport (141 km2)
Covering the largest area in the USA with 141 km2, Denver is one of the country's very busy airports with 6 runways that can be used simultaneously. The facility, which hosted 53 million 156 thousand passengers last year, became the 11th busiest airport in the world. At the same time, Denver, which has been chosen as the best airport in North America for 6 consecutive years by Business Traveler, has the longest civilian runway in the USA with 4 thousand 877 meters. However, this successful facility suffered serious difficulties during the construction phase due to poor planning and constant design changes. In addition, the airport, which was negatively affected by natural events such as snowstorm and hail due to its geographical location, had great problems with the luggage system just before its opening. It is useful to remind that Istanbul's 3rd airport has similar criticisms for the location.
6- King Abdulaziz Airport (105 km2)
The airport, which serves pilgrims to Jeddah and Mecca in Saudi Arabia, is one of the largest facilities in the desert. The airport, which is in a major expansion project, now covers a royal terminal, the facilities of the Saudi Arabian Air Force, and the lodgings of the airport officials, except for the normal passenger terminals, within its borders covering an area of 105 km2. The airport, which opened in 1981, is gradually growing in order not to experience any problems due to the increase in the number of passengers in the coming years.
7- Dallas / Fort Worth Airport (69.6 km2)
Construction work on the airport, which is the second largest in the USA with 69.6 km2, was to begin in 1940, but due to World War II, all planned projects for Dallas/Fort Worth were delayed. After the end of the war, after many conflicts regarding the place of residence were resolved, the foundations of the airport were laid in 2 and finally completed and put into service in 1969. When a report on the environmental impact of Dallas/Fort Worth's expansion was published in the 1974s, the airport had to deal with lawsuits from surrounding cities, this time around. their case in 1990 kazanThe facility currently hosts approximately 7 thousand passengers every day with its 160 runways.
8- Dubai Airport (34.96 km2)
Dubai International Airport was a huge sand desert about 55 years ago. But today it is one of the most modern examples. It is the fourth busiest airport in the world, with 60 million passengers a year. When it was put into service in 1960, it did not even have a smooth runway aside, it was the second fastest growing airport in the world according to traffic statistics by the International Council of Airports (Airport Council International-ACI) in 2002. Dubai Airport also has a giant terminal called Concourse A of 540 thousand square meters, serving only the world's largest passenger aircraft, A 380.
Charles de Gaulle Paris (9 km32)
Charles de Gaulle Paris Airport started to be built in 32 on 2 km1966. Considering the need for expansion in the future, a very large area has been allocated. I had the opportunity to get to know this square, which hosted 2012 million 61 thousand passengers in 611, at the invitation of Air France this week. I personally saw the satellite city S2 opened at the 4E Terminal, which Air France uses for long-haul international flights. The S4 has an incredibly large and comfortable lounge with an area of 25 thousand square meters. 4 thousand square meters of S6 is reserved for shops and restaurants of very private brands. The S6, with a total of 380 gates, 16 for the giant jumbo jet A4, also has an outdoor area decorated with plants, PlayStation seats and a children's playground.
10- Beijing Capital Airport (29 km2)
China's square, covering 29 square kilometers, was a tiny airport when it opened in 2. Olympics in Beijing 1958 kazanConsidering that the current capacity will not be sufficient after the construction, the works of Terminal 2004 were started in 3, and the world's largest airport terminal building with an area of 4 square meters was built in 986 years and it was trained for the Olympics. The terminal, where Turkish Airlines (THY) also flies, gave its size to the 7 million 8 thousand square meters of Terminal 1 of Dubai Airport 980-2 months after its opening. The airport, whose design is similar to a Dragon, is one of the most crowded facilities with 3 million 81 thousand passengers last year.
Economy seats are approaching businessa
One of the most important arguments in competition with competitors for airlines seats. For this reason, we are frequently welcomed with the news that the airlines are carrying new designs with new seats in the cab. Because if you're not comfortable with your trip, if you're staying between the seats as two bends, there is no value for any other service offered to you.
This week, Air France officials invited me to Top Resa, a tourism and travel fair in Paris, introducing new economy class seats and economy class refreshments to be used on long flights. I tested the seats. With its thin, lightweight and ergonomic structure lying about 45 degrees, both passenger and airline are considered. The airline has decided to renew the economy class completely by consulting 500 passengers and thousand flight attendants with an investment of 2 million Euros. The new economy-class seats feature a new generation of 500 cm touch screens with 2.5 cm more legroom and a thousand-hour entertainment program. The new economy seat has an adjustable head rest, ergonomic sponges, a headphone holder, a USB port, a wider adjustable table, and a power outlet for the use of electronic devices. Seat pockets are also used in two parts to put personal items and visible material to prevent valuable items from being forgotten. It is also important that the handles can be adjusted on all seats.
Air France will serve a second meal on flights exceeding 8.5 hours and ice cream on flights exceeding 10.5 hours. It will also be the only airline offering free champagne in the economy class. Designed by Eugeni Quitlet, a student of renowned interior designer Philippe Patrick Starck, the weight will be reduced and new dinnerware will be used to reduce carbon emissions by 3 in 1. Little passengers were not forgotten on the plane. Special menus, games and spoons, forks and knives resembled to the plane will be served to children. The new 10 economy class seats will be implemented on 44 Boeing 777 aircraft between June 2014 and July 2016.
Source : I www.haberturk.co