Horses from the Fire / Hijaz Railway: Hamidiye Hijaz Railway, en
German Emperor 2. Wilhelm visits Istanbul for the second time, and 21 opens to Anatolia in October and goes to Damascus. While thanking Abdülhamit's hospitality in front of Selahattin Eyyubi's tomb, 300 emphasizes that it is a friend of millions of Muslims.
I miss when he didn't know with a dream.
Bus passing through the corner of Damascus,
Our language passes through the past,
our mind is our hearts, our dream passes through a whole different world.
Damascus: Abdulhamit's dream of it Hejaz Railway Ş
According to the recipes, the Hicaz Railway Damascus Station has been unearthed at the end of Câbirî Street when we crossed from Hıttin Square along the 29 Ayyar Street in front of the Central Bank of Syria and passed through Port Said Street.
We're standing under an overpass. Busy traffic, old-fashioned cars, we are twenty-thirty years ago. Ash-colored buildings, palm trees that accommodate buildings with elegance K
300-400 is walking up to the Hijaz Railway Damascus Station.
When the word anlam Hijaz ği is heard, I create meanings in the sound harmonic in which it is found and influenced. Hijaz, sand grain, for example. The harmony of camel caravans, hicaz, the breeze from the desert wind.
Hijaz, two long lines falling into the desert never leave each other.
They call it Nasr Street, waiting for the intersection points of business, we are in the center says.
The Ottoman architecture welcomes us with its sparkling, glamorous beauty. A black locomotive in front of the building. It's like he's gonna be moving. Stairs, introduction letter at the entrance, I do not read. The most beautiful example of ceiling wood workmanship, stained glass windows on the windows… Doors on the ceiling, heavy, easy doors that cannot pass easily… Stop heavy but always opened doors değ While we are worth the back windows, the steps are worth looking at, and we are sad about the view. A big pit in the back. This is the construction site. I've imagined a two-line, black smoke that stretches out into the horizons of this magnificent building. The mind is creative. With the seal of the present moment, he immediately established the grotesque bond of the past. The secret plans of this pit, Lawrance, had become Sherif Hussein's June 1916 Hicaz rebellion. This pit reminded us once again, we were awake, and the dream was over. Now I knew; thoughts gave birth to feelings. I thought about Abdulhamid. Knowing teaches to love again. I liked Abdülhamit again. I wished for the lights of the hearts of our brothers from India, Malaysia, Sumum, East Turkestan, who had made a donation for this railroad.
Hamidiye Hijaz Railway
The West experiences its first railway experience in 1830. The first railway experience of the Ottoman Empire is the Cairo line of Alexandria. 1851'da construction started at the 1856'de British to this line, 1870-1888 1279 XNUMX km with the track rail tracks Rumeli. Rumeli railways and Berlin, Vienna, Paris, such as capital cities are connected. The place is connected to the holy cities of Jerusalem, Medina and Mecca.
The industrial revolution has increased the importance of the Arab lands, and the opening of the Suez Canal has made the necessity of a railway line in the Ottoman lands, especially for the security of the Hejaz region.
Different proposals for the construction of the Hicaz region railway were presented and evaluated. The most important of these is the report of Jidde Evkaf Director Ahmet İzzet Efendi in 1891. The report focused on the backwardness and security of the Hijaz region, and the situation was evaluated. Ahmet İzzet Efendi was expressing the necessity of the railway line extending from the Damascus to the Hejaz for the economic development of the region.
In particular, the protection of the tomb and the prophet of the Prophet, the security of the pilgrimage of the number of visitors to increase the security, the support for the economy was indicated. This line will keep everything under control in the region, and the political position of the Ottoman state in Arabia will be strengthened. Finally, this document is presented to Sultan Abdülhamit in February 1892. Padişah, Erkan-ı Harbiye Feriki Mehmet Şakir assigns Paşayı to examine the document. The Pasha documents the document with the positive opinions of the Ottomans in the region that will strengthen the political domination and also presents the railway map.
At the 1897, Ahmet Muhtar Pasha drew attention to the negative activities of the British with the report he presented to the sultan and stated the danger of occupation of some points in the interior of the African coast which is located in front of the Hijaz coast. It also focused on the importance of the railway line from the Damascus to the Suez Canal, where political relations with the British were corrected. Thus, the power to protect the caliphate will be increased. In the same year, Muslim journalist Muhammet İnşaallah discussed the idea of supporting the idea of a railway that would be the world's Muslims from Medina to Mecca and Yemen from Damascus. Railway construction is important. The problem, however, is the distribution of railway concessions. A correct policy should be applied in this distribution, one of the Western competitors should not override the other, and our state must protect its own material interests. Germany's search for a market, the lack of intentions to dismantle the Ottoman lands, makes it easier for the construction of the Baghdad railway. 1898 is the German concession of the Baghdad railway. German Emperor 2. Wilhelm visits Istanbul for the second time, and 21 opens to Anatolia in October and goes to Damascus. While thanking Abdülhamit's hospitality in front of Selahattin Eyyubi's tomb, 300 emphasizes that he is the friend of millions of Muslims. With this journey, he performs a body show against European states. The memory of this is hung in the temple of Jupiter in the ancient city of Baalbek in Lebanon. The single copy of the text was written in both German and Ottoman Turkish.
Finally, Sultan Abdülhamit Hicaz publishes the will of the railway on 2 May 1900. Construction works are carried out by commissions. The commission is the center of all works and Damascus, Beirut and Haifa commissions are added to this commission. Although there are various opinions on the determination of the railway route, it is decided that the Hejaz line will be built on the historical pilgrimage route at the request of the sultan. The line would extend from Damascus to Mecca, from Mecca to Jeddah, to the Gulf of Aqaba, to Yemen from Baghdad to Aclun and Jerusalem.
According to the plan, the construction will start between the Damascus Maan, and the Maan Medina line was to be completed. The Hijaz Railway is actually launched in 1 September 1900 with an official ceremony in Damascus.
This beginning brings a lot of rumors. While the Islamic geography is greeted with enthusiasm, it is not only an interpretation of Europe as an impossible dream, but also with the missionaries it sends to provoke the Bedouins.
The cost of the project was calculated as 4 million pounds, the amount of foreign debts, the calculated amount of the state budget of twenty per cent of the state has kept the general opinion of the general opinion. The Sultan has long since found shelter in the devlet imdad-ı spirits getir of the Lord, 2.5 started to work with millions of gold donations, and the state officials have brought back. Sacrifice skins were collected, donation funds were created, and postage stamps and medals were donated. The donations from the Muslim Muslims were collected in the muş Hijaz Şimendifer Hatan İanesi oluşturul. Sultan Abdülhamit promised that no bribes were worth the sacred service. For this purpose, monthly presentations were distributed and donations were made publicly to the public. Abdülhamit accepts the donations of some non-Muslim Ottoman citizens, Europeans, except for the Muslims, and does not accept the aid from Zionist societies abroad.
Priority was the Medina line of Damascus. From Sham to Der. Then Amman, Maan Sonra
In order not to occupy anyone's land, and to make the construction cost cheaper, the 1 meter wide track is first laid as 1.5 km per day and then goes to 3 km. Only Muslim workers were employed in this way with spiritual concerns, and a railway class was opened for the safety of construction and materials were produced in Istanbul.
The biggest obstacle to the progress of the construction was that workers could not withstand the heat of the desert, and they suffered from health problems due to climate change. In order to encourage the workers, the 13 1904 is finally issued with the personnel health service regulations, and arrangements such as free treatment, medication and the right to retirement are introduced.
The dream that Europe calls the Panislamic utopia becomes one way or another. The line 1 in the 1904Eylül460. The Haifa line, which reached Maan in kilometers, and the connection of the Hejaz railway to the Mediterranean, was completed in September 1905.
The Hejaz line found the 1906 kilometer in the 750, the 1 1906 233 kilometer Maan Tebuk, and the 288 kilometer Tebük-El-Ula sections were completed one year later. Finally, the line reaches Medina in 1908.
Source : www.dunyabulteni.net