Have you ever looked at the railway map: There is a clear difference between the north and the east of the Mediterranean in terms of the rail network. Railways in North Africa are rarely available.
The process of economic development has something to do with the geography we live in. Could the United States be such a developed country if it didn't have so many, interconnected streams? Those who think about it, it says. Those rivers served directly to the emergence of a single market and market integration. The same is true for Europe. The main road system that connects the cities in the country is the 1740. The network of water channels is installed on 1790s. The railway network is built on 1840s. With the industrial revolution, bringing the market together has gained importance. It has become more important to connect the country and make people aware of each other. I like to look at the map of the railroad networks in the Mediterranean basin these days. I think the railway map is extremely useful in terms of understanding what is happening in our region today. Of course it is bad to do one observation analysis. But take a look.
When I look at the map, I think first of all. There is a significant difference between the north and the east of the Mediterranean in terms of the rail network. Clearly, there is a problem with connection level in North Africa. Railways in North Africa are rarely available. It does not surround the countries. It doesn't connect cities. Especially, it doesn't connect countries. A colonial period, a pier to the shore, a town where there is a natural source within the country, it looks like a railway connection trilogy. By looking at this map it is possible to compare the institutional capacity of countries roughly. For instance, there are no railways in Libya.
Second, Turkey's rail network remains back from Europe in terms of the prevalence of no state. Of course this is not about quality, but also about quality. Okay, I know: The railway network is all over the country, but we still have a number of problems, especially in the operation of freight trains. Rails are old. Especially in the East, there are trains with the train. It's just that the railroad line has been used. The country has a railway infrastructure. Thinkers did it in time.
Third, the region where the Northern Mediterranean countries are located is the region where the railway infrastructure is the most robust. This is the most advanced region of the Mediterranean in terms of market integration. European countries receive about one percent of the inputs of industrial goods from each other. This has to do with the European Union. However, the fact that Europe is physically connected to itself in the formation of this spontaneous division of labor has a considerable share. A mind that knows the importance of the single market, the cities first, then connects countries. The rate of using the same intra-industry industrial input is at the level of 60s in North Africa. Railroad maps tell the story of the same connection level. Within the country, you need to connect first to the single market between countries. The post spontaneously comes over time.
Is it enough to have a railroad? A few years ago, I showed a similar map at a meeting in the capital of India, New Delhi. The lower continent was knitted with railways. However, in the South and South West Asia, consisting of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Iran, the rate of intra-regional input use in the industrial sector was less than 5. Why is that? For political reasons, the container train passed from Pakistan to India, from India to Bangladesh. At the meeting, I said, ”This is an unbelievable situation Toplantı. I talked big.
Source : www.radikal.com.t is