Nuclear trains are returning
Russia began the production of railway missile complexes for war purposes. The analog of such a system has been in the arms of the USSR and Russian Armed Forces since 1987 until 2005. Railway missile complexes in 1993 were not used in accordance with the Strategic Arms Reduction Agreement signed between Russia and the United States. In 2002, Russia withdrew from the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty after the US withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems Treaty. Experts evaluate the advantages and use perspectives of the railway missile system.
Mobility - a form of protection
The first intercontinental ballistic missiles R-7, which was developed in the Soviet Union and produced the famous carrier rocket family, was launched with an open start. The disadvantages of this ejection method were obvious: the explosion wave from any ordinary bomb exploding or exploding next to it could render the missile unworkable.
In the middle of the 60s, it was the turn of a new method, the guarded rockets were protected by specially designed multi-meter reinforced concrete and tens of centimeters of armor. The rockets in the containers inside the hobs could have been thrown out of the nuclear explosion that occurred very soon.
Nevertheless, the increasing accuracy of both the nuclear and asynchronous ammunition caused the rockets to be brought back to the surface. But they were already thrown by the high-mobility rocket launcher mechanism. In the 70, the deployment of mobile ground missile complexes in the USSR and in the 80 of combat rail missile complexes began in XNUMX. The advantage of the mobile floor missile system is that it can be deployed almost everywhere. The advantage of railway missile complexes is its high mobility. The nuclear train could go over a thousand and a half thousand miles in a day.
Both types of missile complex were difficult to discover. Of course, it was almost impossible to simulate the movable ground missile complexes, but the very large deployment area and the specific weather conditions in Russia (a significant part of the territory of the country covered with constant clouds) and the narrow viewing angle of exploration satellites gave great opportunities to avoid the discovery of coplications.
Nuclear trains produced on the basis of standard wagons were also hard to discover, but it had a major flaw - the nuclear trains were tightly attached to the railway.
1993 had to abandon Russia's rail missile complexes in accordance with the Strategic Arms Reduction Agreement. In 2002, the US withdrew from the Russian Strategic Arms Reduction Agreement on the withdrawal of the 1972 year from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems Treaty, but the process of decommissioning railway missile complexes came to an unstoppable point. As a result of the 2005 year, these complexes were completely removed.
New Rocket, Old Insight
After the development of the Yars RS-2000 missile system at the end of the 24s, the possibility of the return of railway missile complexes came into question. Thanks to Yars' 45 tonal mass, railway missile nomination seems to be more suitable than the one hundred-tonne 'Skalpel' missile developed before it. The development of the railway type of the 'Pioneer' missile complex can also be a good decision. According to the information obtained, the missile complex has a land type of the sea missile named Bulava, which is smaller in size and smaller in size than Yars. The effectiveness of missile defense systems in the fight against modern mobile missiles falls sharply. In this context, the modern nuclear train capable of carrying 3-4 missiles could be an important element of Russia's nuclear shield and an effective tool of the missile defense system.
Source : the turkish.ruvr.r