Creating monopoly from iron
The Draft Law on the Liberalization of Rail Transport is being discussed at the General Assembly of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. While the Minister of Transport, Binali Yildirim says ıla freedom yap is not privatization, the bill clearly envisions that d service can be made by third parties Ulaştırma. There are many complaints from the state monopoly, but one can clearly say that there are no two companies on the track. In other words, it seems to be a special monopoly instead of a state monopoly in the name of tek competition ”as in other privatizations. Here we talk about these issues, 'liberalization' will bring to the users and employees of the service and we talk to Yavuz Demirkol, the President of the United Transport Union (BTS) affiliated with KESK.
What will this bill bring?
The national monopoly is removed, and the private sector monopoly is being replaced. International monopolies will be able to take over. For example, German Railways (DB) have captured freight transport in the Netherlands and Denmark. Even now, we are hearing that the DB is trying to make efforts to cooperate with some companies.
What does this bring?
We were lifting a monopoly, but this time the international monopoly prevails. A foreign monopoly can enter this area.
So, what does the AKP want to do on railways?
What they call 'reconstruction' in railways, this is liberalization, and what we call privatization is not an application that started with the AKP. Reflection of neoliberal policies in the world, that is, privatization fury on railways. This was particularly emphasized in the reports prepared by international capitalist organizations (eg the World Bank). Similarly, in other countries, the so-called 'liberalization' is the fact that third parties are also involved in train operation. In other words, by removing the state monopoly on railways, the private sector enters into this area.
Is railroad transportation so good today?
The situation is very bad. The share of railways in the transportation sector has decreased by 50 up to 1.5 in freight transportation. The bill does not foresee anything for liberation from this situation in which it was dropped into the railway.
It's called "liberalization", it's like sözcük magic and everything will change in an instant. It is as if many different actors will enter, freight transport will increase, passenger transport will increase. However, if we count the high speed train lines of TCDD, there are 12 thousand kilometers of railway lines. 9 percent of these lines are double lines, 91 percent are single lines.
The electrified line rate is 26, the signaling line is 32. I mean, there's no capacity to carry a load even if there's a load now.
What should be done first?
Turkey should primarily a transportation master plan, it does not. . We have a transport master plan, it's currently being implemented, it's over, and we're going to do a new master plan, Ulaştırma the Transport Minister said at the meeting. However, the main strategy report on transportation is not the main plan. Even in that report Ankara-Istanbul; There was objection to the Eskişehir-Istanbul route.
First of all, it is necessary to have a transportation master plan and to act in a way to coordinate all sectors in line with this plan. In other words, where to do what to do, to which area the railway will be built… How, how far will you make this connection, how the port connection will be, all these should be done within the framework of this master plan.
But at the moment, you're looking for a place to train fast, but on the same route a highway is planned. That won't happen. So the unplanned dominance. 11 has a thousand kilometers of conventional lines, but unfortunately has been abandoned.
PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION WITH THE AKP REDUCES 1.5
Eskişehir – Ankara, Ankara – Konya, Ankara – İstanbul high speed train services and their works… It seems as if the government gives great importance to railways?
Yes, there is an investment of 4.7 billion, high-speed train lines are also being made, but these studies are being done while 11 has a conventional line of one thousand kilometers, this is being ignored. Think about the 10 1.5 4.5 for years, but our share in passenger transport to XNUMX, our share in freight transport falls to XNUMX'e. Many passenger trains have been removed. In other words, the AKP raises the high speed train, but the process on the actual conventional lines does not work very well.
CUSTOMIZATION IN THE UK
When it comes to the privatization of railways, England comes to mind.
Yes, the most obvious example of this is England. In England, both infrastructure and train operations were privatized. However, due to the frequent occurrence of accidents, the privatization of the infrastructure was abandoned and it was again nationalized. 16 has a thousand kilometer line of 200 in England. Britain is a country where the railroad was born and developed, and this system is bankrupt. Increases. 16 200 27 3 1995 company is a passenger transport in a railway line. If we include companies that are subcontractors, 4 companies operate and this causes a chaos. In one of the UK accidents, rail breakage is detected, it is decided to change these rails, but it is a separate firm that supervises, it is a separate company that decides, and it is decided which company will do it. Then even the company that runs the passenger train that says şimdi this season there are many passengers in this season, let's do this now, let's do this month Sonra. Of course there is an accident. At present, it can be decided immediately when there is such a thing in TCDD. There are fewer actors. From the XNUMX, the World Bank, the European Union funds XNUMX large work was done. American, German, Canadian companies have come and studied, prepared four reports. This draft law is to be fulfilled in this report.
TICKET PRICES INCREASE
What happens to the enactment of this bill, namely the privatization of the citizen and the passengers?
TCDD was the state economic enterprise. It was transformed into an economic state enterprise (IDT). In other words, it was a KIT that produced a monopoly and a service in monopoly. If the difference is commercial, according to him will work, to cover their expenses. In other words, the service of the service produced by the train operators must take the money. Their income should set a high price to cover their expenses. This means higher prices for the passenger. Passenger can benefit from the service by paying the higher price. However, the freight forwarders can also benefit from this service by paying a high fee.
Non-profit lines can also be closed. There are lines running train with the obligation of being a social state; These lines will not be able to run passenger trains because they do not bring any profit. The authority will be on the Council of Ministers. For example, a train going to the east, 'No need to run' will not run the train.
Since it is the IDT, staff expenditures will be mentioned more in the near future. In order to reduce the cost, it will be envisaged that these works will be carried out by subcontractors and not by public officials.
Do you currently have a subcontractor company on railways?
There are about 4 thousand subcontractors working on the railways. The 'Reconstruction' works were first started in the 1995 with the 50 bin TCDD employee, now this number has fallen to a thousand 28. In addition, the private sector makes the operation of dining wagons.
One thing that was said in these reports was, dı Remove the lines that do not bring profit ın, and a lot of passenger trains were removed, their flights were reduced. These were the things that were always envisaged and were realized in the process.
AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR IS PRINTED
So why is the railroad important? In other words, is it important for a country to show its level of development?
Absolutely important. There is also a separate importance for Turkey. So we could not go to the places, the first period of the republic, railroad has gone. A more rational policy was followed at that time. The Zonguldak line, which we call a coal line, has been constructed, the copper line is to Ergani and the iron line to Divrigi; Founded facilities next to them.
After the 1950s, the transportation system was developed mainly by road. This consumes oil. Oil is one of the most important reasons for our current account deficit. One feature of the railway is that it consumes less energy. It is the only transportation system that can consume electricity. There are many advantages, less damage to the environment, safer compared to the highway. Such a system.
Could the pressure of the automotive sector in Turkey?
The Deputy Director General of Highways has arrived in the United States. He worked here. A war from the United States, this is a market, they sent a car, they made the road. Even the General Directorate of Highways' 50'de is established. Of course, the automotive sector is growing in the next process, the railway is not given much importance.
IF THE TRANSPORTATION PLAN IS NOT
What do you suggest as a solution?
- You need a transport master plan. You have built a railway in one line, but it is said that "a highway should also be built on the same line". Therefore, a transportation master plan should be made.
- Railway should be given importance, decisions should be taken in this field and the incoming governments should comply with it. For example, in Germany, with a law called the Maber Law (Minister of Transport at the time), they made the following decision: "The transportation of these cargoes will be done by railways, other than that, it is prohibited to transport them. These things can happen.
- Single-line operation is carried out on the railway, double-line as much as possible.
- Returning to electrification, making electrical lines.
- Increasing the number of signaled lines.
- In-service training is very important in railways. Re-opening of TCDD high school, good in-service training.
- The staff working on both the station and the train, which we call active personnel, have many problems. Working hours should be reduced to a certain level by keeping wages high.
- In 2013, overtime pay was abolished. Payment is not made. This is also a problem. We are against overtime, yes, no overtime, but currently our friends are employed even though they do not receive overtime pay.
- The number of staff should be increased.
- Paying attention to occupational safety and making risk analysis ...
Source : evrensel.net