New York is one of the top tourist cities of America and the world. The New York subway facilitates transportation for the people of New York as well as for tourists. So, when did the New York Metro open, how did it come to its present? The answer to these questions comes from New York correspondent Aslı Pelit.
The New York metro, opened in 1904, is one of the oldest public transport systems in the world. The New York Metro is one of the most used systems in the world, as well as the system with the most stations. New York's subway, known as 'the city that never sleeps', does not sleep. The 24 is open every day of the year. Polly Desjarlais, Transit Museum Education Officer says:
Dı The world's first subway was built in London. They started at 1868 to put the subway systems in place. This was actually good for New York because all the technical problems were solved when we started construction of the subway here. But New York had understood that the subway had to be built long before it was built. Businessmen, politicians, they all agreed that New York needs a subway. The city was full of thousands of immigrants who came in every day, and the streets were not walking, almost in a chaos. Newcomers were living in buildings in the center of the city, and somehow a new and practical transportation system was required in the city. Yeni
Although politicians and businessmen pressed for the construction of the metro, it was a snow storm that eventually made the subway, freezing the northeast of America in 1888 and causing the death of 200 thousand people. After the plans approved in 1894, the pickaxe was laid in 1900. The first metro line started to serve on October 27, 1904. After building all the tunnels and subway lines, New York City has given its business to private companies. In those days, while the cost of getting on the metro was 5 cents, only two metro lines were working. These lines belonged to private companies and only IRT or Interborough Rapid Transit and BMT, Brooklyn Manhattan Transit, served the entire city.
From the year of 1953, the subway system collected under the roof of MTA started to be operated by the City of New York. By the 60 years, New York entered a difficult time and the 1970 had a crash. In this period, the subway turned into a film set that the gangs fought and covered with dangerous and graffiti.
Desjarlais said, “This train we are in is the R30, this train served in Brooklyn. The first movie that comes to my mind when I think of this train is Saturday Night Fever. But in that movie, the train was covered with graffiti. So much so that the passengers could not see through the window. Not only windows, but also ceilings and seats were covered with graffiti. Movies on this train include French Connection, The Taking of Pelham 123 and of course The Warriors. “It was that gang's train and they'd get on it and go to Coney Island to fight.”
The graffiti period of the New York subway ended at the end of the 90s. The municipality hired hundreds of cleaners and security guards to fight graffiti. Graffiti artists couldn't stand to wipe them off without seeing anyone doing their jobs. But the New York subway didn't move away from being a big picture that artists always exhibited. In the past, the artists who adorned the trains continue to turn the metro into a museum with the works they have made in the stations in recent years.
Desjarlais said, “2. Passing a subway under the street is not a new plan. It was originally decided to be made in the 1920s, but this plan was put on the shelf due to the economic depression the country was entering. After the crisis, World War II came and plans were frozen again. But after the war, New York again rolled up its sleeves for the 2nd Avenue subway, but this is not complete, except for the million dollar train and a few tunnels where we sit. ”
Coins collected for 2.Tarem subway 1960'i years spent on the correction of other lines could not be completed. New York's economic problems continue until the 90'li years, this line has been forgotten. However, in the middle of the 2000, the construction of the line started again, and the first three stops were opened to the public at 31 December 2016. After a long wait, New York City Council, New York City Council, Chuck Close, Sarah Sze, Vik Muniz and Jean Shin decided to decorate the new stations.
A worker who works in the construction of the 2.Cadde subway says: işçi It was a very difficult time. We worked hard, we had challenges. One thing caught my attention, all the neighbors hated us because we've been here for years and we've turned the streets into chaos, and the pavements and streets that are closed are pretty hard. Bir
New York is an unthinkable city without a metro. There is no other city in America where public transport is so important. With its musicians, artists, rats and hundreds of different subway stations, the New York subway is a mirror of history and life. - American voice