Since the mid-1990 years, Armenia has been continually bringing this issue to the attention of Georgia and Russia. Kocharian 16-18 discussed this issue with President Vladimir Putin during his visit to Moscow on January 2003.
At the same time, Kasharyan, who met with Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze in Kiev on 29 January 2003, evaluated the relations between the two countries and brought the opening of the Abkhazian railway. Shevardnadze explained that it was possible to open the railway but that simultaneously, Georgian refugees should return to Abkhazia.
Considering that the return of Georgian refugees to Abkhazia is not possible in the short term, and especially after the Russian attack on Georgia in August 2008, and the recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by independence, the opening of the Abkhazian railway line will bring serious problems in Georgia.
In recent months, Russia and Armenia have requested every opportunity to open a railway line from Georgia through Abkhazia. After Armenia declared its independence, the civil war in Georgia and the railway lines passing through Georgia and Azerbaijan were closed due to Armenia's occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. For this reason, transportation to the north is carried out by road via Georgia (Verkhnıy (Upper Lars)) and it is very costly to Armenia. This highway is also closed due to problems between Russia and Georgia and is generally closed in winter.
Georgian Foreign Minister Grigola Vashadze, in his statement before visiting Armenia in June 2012, said that the opening of the railway crossing over Abkhazia did not coincide with Armenia's interests. After Vashadze's statement, there was no explanation from Russia about the issue. The issue has recently been on the agenda and the opening of the Abkhazian railway line only for passenger transport has been negotiated. However, the opening of the railway line only for passenger transportation does not fully solve the transportation problem facing Armenia.
What is important for Armenia is the resumption of transit cargo transportation through Abkhazia railway. As the debates continued, the President of the Republic of Abkhazia, Aleksandr Ankvab, reported that it was not possible to open the railway line in the near future. Armenia and Russia are in contact with some people and organizations in favor of the opening of the Abkhazian railway line in Georgia and continue lobbying.
Emzar Djegerenaya, professor of Tbilisi State University, also reported favoring the opening of the Abkhazian railway line. Djegerena to, the opening of the Abkhazian railway line when replying to the question of Turkey and how to follow a policy of Azerbaijan, 'I am one hundred percent sure it would not be against Ankara. I have close acquaintances among businessmen in Ankara and I am sure that the Turks will not oppose it. Azerbaijan may be disturbed. But this is Georgia's strategy interests and no one will be allowed to intervene. He said.
Even though Djegerenaya is a university professor, he has gone so far as to speak so clearly about Turkey and Azerbaijan. First of all, Djegerenaya should know that the business world does not appear and implement Turkey's foreign policy. Turkey, as well as Georgia, has strategic interests in this regard, and of course, it will inform Georgia of its dissatisfaction with the issue. When it comes to Azerbaijan, the new government of Georgia, which is completely dependent on Azerbaijan for natural gas consumption, is responsible for transit transportation. kazanIt is not correct to compare the money he will receive with the importance of the natural gas he receives from Azerbaijan. If the new Government of Georgia wants to reorder its relations with Russia, then it cannot ignore the interests of Turkey and Azerbaijan.
Georgia's new Government has not yet realized its political responsibility. Turkey and reconsider its relations with Azerbaijan and Armenia easy to imagine they are in favor of change, it is not as it seems never situation. Azerbaijan and Turkey trying to stand up thanks to the investments of Georgia, these investments will stop if faced with economic and unemployment problems. Of course, neither Armenia nor Russia will help Georgia to tackle these problems. Georgia, Turkey and Azerbaijan should definitely not allow it to be spoiled.
As regards the opening of the Abkhazian railway line, Russia is at the forefront of the economic problems Armenia faces, but its main objective is 102, located in Armenia. It is thought that the basic needs of the Russian military base are to be met through the Abkhazia railway which is a cheaper and easier way.
19 2011 31 2006 102 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX April XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX The problem of reinforcing the Russian military base is seriously disturbing Russia. Until recently, Russia has made this military base a reinforcement in Iran, but it is costly and time-consuming.
Turkey and Azerbaijan for the opening of the railway through Abkhazia must show the necessary response to the Georgian government and should not be pressured. If this railway line is opened, Armenia will have solved the problems encountered in transportation significantly. This should not be allowed. Because Armenia's handling of the transportation problem means that it handles economic problems. It is also important to remember that this time Armenia will also have a superior position in the security context.
Armenia, which handles its economic problems, will accelerate its propaganda on the so-called Armenian genocide throughout the world, and will have an even more uncompromising attitude in the negotiations on the return of the occupied Azerbaijan territory.
In this case the opening of the railway in Abkhazia to Turkey and Azerbaijan remain silent would be a strategic mistake. Armenia has isolated itself because of its militarist policy. The so-called Armenian genocide until the back of his propaganda vazgeçmeyince and the occupied territories of Azerbaijan on Azerbaijan and Armenia to Turkey çekilmeyince all kinds should benefit from the print mechanism.