The History and Development of High Speed Train: The trains were the only land transportation vehicles in the world until the invention of motor vehicles in the early 20th century and accordingly they were a serious monopoly. Europe and the United States have been using steam trains for high speed trains since 1933. The average speed of these trains was 130 km per hour, and they could do 160 km per hour at most.
High Speed Train Started Operating in Japan
In 1957, Tokyo's Odakyu Electric Railway launched 3000 SSE, Japan's own high-speed train. This train set 145 km per hour and broke the world speed record. This development has given Japanese designers a serious self-confidence that they can easily build trains faster than this. Especially the density in the number of passengers between Tokyo and Osaka played an important role in Japan's being a pioneer in high-speed train development.
The world's first high-capacity high-speed train (with 12 wagons) was the line developed by Japan and opened in October 1964, named Tōkaidō Shinkansen.  The 0 Series Shinkansen, developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, broke a new “passenger” world record in 1963 by speeding 210 km per hour on the Tokyo – Nagoya – Kyoto – Osaka line. It was able to reach 256 km per hour without a passenger.
The European public met with the high-speed train at the International Transport Fair in Munich in August 1965. The train called DB Class 103 made 200 trips between Munich and Augsburg with a speed of 347 km per hour. The first regular service at this speed was the TEE "Le Capitole" line between Paris and Toulouse.
THE WORLD'S HIGH SPEED TRAINS
- Railjet - Austria: Maximum working speed - 230 km / h. Speed record: 275 km / h.- Railjet is a high-speed rail service in Europe operated by the Austrian Federal Railways and Czech Railways.
- Sapsan - Russia: Maximum working speed - 250 km / h. Speed record: 290 km / h. Sapsan is a Siemens Velaro based high speed EMU train family developed by Siemens for Russian Railways. The trains run on the Moscow-Saint Petersburg railway in December 2009.
- Pendolino (PKP) - Poland: Maximum working speed - 200 km / h. Speed record: 291 km / h. -
- Thalys - France: Maximum working speed - 200 km / h. Speed record: 291 km / h. - Thalys is a French-Belgian high-speed train operator originally built around the LGV Nord high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. This track is shared by Eurostar trains with local TGV trains in France, from Paris, Brussels or Amsterdam to Lille, from the Channel Tunnel to London.
- TSH - Taiwan: Maximum working speed - 300 km / h. Speed record: 300 km / h.
- SJ - Sweden: Maximum working speed - 200 km / h. Speed record: 303 km / h.
- TOTAL - Turkey: maximum operating speed - 250 km / h. Speed record: 303 km / h.
- Italo - Italy: Maximum working speed - 300 km / h Speed record: 362 km / h.
- ICE - Germany / Belgium: Maximum working speed - 320 km / h Speed record: 368 km / h.
- Frecciarossa 1000 - Italy: Maximum working speed - 300 km / h. Speed record: 400 km / h.
- AVE - Spain: Maximum working speed - 320 km / h. Speed record: 404 km / h.
- KTX - South Korea: Maximum working speed - 300 km / h. Speed record: 421 km / h.
- Shanghai Maglev - China: Maximum working speed - 350 km / h. Speed record: 501 km / h.
- TGV - France: Maximum working speed - 320 km / h. Speed record: 575 km / h.
- Scmaglev - Japan: Maximum operating speed: 320 km / h. Speed record: 603 km / h.