History and Development of High Speed ​​Train

the fastest trains in the world
the fastest trains in the world

History and Development of High Speed ​​Train: Trains early 20. Until the invention of motor vehicles in the 19th century, they were the only land-based public transportation vehicles in the world, and consequently they had a serious monopoly. Europe and the United States have used steam trains since 1933 for high speed trains. The average speed of these trains was 130 km per hour, and they could make 160 km per hour at most.

High Speed ​​Train Launched in Japan

At 1957, Odakyu Electric Railway in Tokyo launched Japan's own high-speed train, the 3000 SSE. This train broke the world speed record by speeding 145 miles per hour. This development instilled serious confidence in Japanese designers that they could do faster trains. The intensity of the number of passengers, especially between Tokyo and Osaka, has played an important role in Japan being a pioneer in fast train development.

The world's first high-capacity high-speed train (with 12 wagon) was T–kaid Heavy Shinkansen (Japan) developed and launched in October 1964. [1] 0 Series developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Shinkansen Tokyo speeding up a new ”voyage“ world record. As a passenger, he had reached 1963 km an hour.

The European public was introduced to the high-speed train at the International Transport Fair in Munich on August 1965. The DB Class 103 train made a total 200 voyage between Munich and Augsburg with an 347 km speed per hour. The first regular service at this speed was the TEE Capit Le Capitole yapılan line between Paris and Toulouse.

THE WORLD'S HIGH SPEED TRAINS

  • Railjet - Austria: Maximum operating speed - 230 km / h. Speed ​​record: 275 km / h.- Railjet is a high-speed rail service in Europe operated by the Austrian Federal Railways and the Czech Railways.
  • Sapsan - Russia: Maximum operating speed - 250 km / h. Speed ​​record: 290 km / h. - Sapsan is a high speed EMU train family based on Siemens Velaro developed by Siemens for Russian Railways. Trains run on the Moscow-Saint Petersburg railway on December 2009.
  • Pendolino (PKP) - Poland: Maximum operating speed - 200 km / h. Speed ​​record: 291 km / h. -
  • Thalys - France: Maximum operating speed - 200 km / h. Speed ​​record: 291 km / h. Thalys is a Franco-Belgian high-speed train operator originally built around the LGV Nord high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. This track is shared by Eurostar trains with local TGV trains from France, Paris, Brussels or Amsterdam to Lille, Canal Tunnel to London.
  • TSH - Taiwan: Maximum operating speed - 300 km / h. Speed ​​record: 300 km / h.
  • SJ - Sweden: Maximum operating speed - 200 km / h. Speed ​​record: 303 km / h.
  • TOTAL - Turkey: maximum operating speed - 250 km / h. Speed ​​record: 303 km / h.
  • Italo - Italy: Maximum operating speed - 300 km / h. Speed ​​record: 362 km / h.
  • ICE - Germany / Belgium: Maximum operating speed - 320 km / h. Speed ​​record: 368 km / h.
  • Frecciarossa 1000 - Italy: Maximum operating speed - 300 km / h. Speed ​​record: 400 km / h.
  • AVE - Spain: Maximum operating speed - 320 km / h. Speed ​​record: 404 km / h.
  • KTX - South Korea: Maximum operating speed - 300 km / h. Speed ​​record: 421 km / h.
  • Shanghai Maglev - China: Maximum operating speed - 350 km / h. Speed ​​record: 501 km / h.
  • TGV - France: Maximum operating speed - 320 km / h. Speed ​​record: 575 km / h.
  • Scmaglev - Japan: Maximum operating speed: 320 km / h. Speed ​​record: 603 km / h.

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