Fast trains are currently being used in European countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea. Leading the fast train lines, Japan is also the country with the highest passenger density. More than 120 trains carry 305 million passengers annually. The need for increased capacity in Japan Railway has led to the emergence of a high-speed train in both Japan and France. Japan is the first country to use fast trains. For the first time, the construction of the Tokaido Shinkansen High Speed Train Line started in 1959, Tokyo-Osaka.
The opening of the Shinkansen line in 1964 is the world's busiest high-speed train line. The 210 km journey at 4 km / h speed at 553 hour, when the line is first opened, takes 270 hours with 2,5 km / h speed. 30 30 trains transport 44 million passengers a year on this high-speed train line.
Shinkansen, including all other lines in Japan
carries more passengers. Japan continues to be the first in high-speed train. In the 2003, only a few millimeters above the track, ”Maglev,” a direct contact-free rail with the track, reached a speed of 581 per hour, setting a new world record in this field.
France France followed France. Fast train idea in France (TGV, très grande vitesse-
High Speed Train appeared with the construction of the Japanese Shinkansen line. French State Railways, which renew the existing railway line and manufacture lighter private wagons, reached an average of 1967 kilometers per hour in 253 and 1972 in 318. TGV, 1981 was opened in September between Paris and Lyon.
TGV was very fast compared to normal trains and cars. Trains quickly gained popularity. Later on, new high-speed train lines were opened in many parts of France. The Eurostar service, which started at 1994, tied its continental Europe to London via the Channel tunnel. This line has been manufactured in accordance with TGV tunneling. Fast trains from London to Paris take 2 hours to 15 hours.
Between London and Brussels, only 1 hours can be received in 51 minutes.
After the Japanese Shinkansen, TGV went down in history as the world's second commercial high-speed train line. High-speed trains are used today in France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, England and Italy, as well as in Japan, China and South Korea. China, which is at the end of the general ranking until 2007, aims to become the world's biggest alan High Speed Train Line m after the completion of the 832 km line which is under construction with the 3404 km line that is opened between various cities. In addition, high speed train lines are planned in the Netherlands and Switzerland, while in some countries new high speed train lines are planned.