Second Abdulhamid's Hejaz Railway Project

According to Sultan Abdulhamid II, who said için My old dream için for Hicaz Railway, this project would have many material and spiritual services. “The pilgrimage will be facilitated,, 18 would be brought to the day as a round trip between Damascus and Mecca, including the months of pilgrimage and the performance of the pilgrimage.

Ömer Faruk Yılmaz's book, “Sultan Hejaz Railway Project of Sultan Abdülhamid II çıktı was published by Çamlıca Yayın Yayın. This work, prepared by selecting from thousands of photographs, maps and documents, reveals how strategic and forward-looking the services rendered by Abdulhamid Khan.

Throughout history, people have realized many inventions to make transportation and transport faster and easier. The most important of these inventions is the invention of the wheel, which provides the transportation work faster. Then, by combining the wheel with the machine and the motor, the distances are shortened and both human and commercial relations have increased rapidly among the remote geographical regions. This increase has brought more activity and trade. Railways have provided the most serious ease to some nations, which use this development and trade in order to establish a colonial domination.

It is known that before the steam railway operation in the world, non-motorized wagons operating on railways are used in various mines. The invention of the steam engine has also changed the face of railway transportation. The development of the railroad showed differences between regions in the world. Although the industry progresses more rapidly where the industry has progressed, the land conditions are harder and even in the regions where the economic opportunities are limited,
developed late in the year. In addition, it is seen that the railway in the exploited land is built and operated by the exploiting states as a means of exploitation. For example, the railways established in India as a result of the activities of private companies with the support of the British government opened the geography of India to British capital until it reached its most remote corners. The development of the railways has led to the beginning of a new era in terms of world history, albeit in order to ensure colonialism, reconstruction or economic prosperity.

The Ottoman Empire served the people of the region

The First Railways in the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire never took part in the colonialist activities carried out by the states other than its own in the face of the rapidly changing world conditions, and always strived to maintain the lives of the communities under its rule in peace. The exploitation of the colonial states by using cheap raw materials obtained from their colonies to the world market by means of slaves and cheap labor force affected the economic life of the Ottoman Empire and the state faced a great depression. Thanks to the cheap manpower and labor force of the colonial powers and the raw material, it succeeded in achieving the goods and services at almost zero cost, and left the states and nations trying to properly repay the labor and the raw material face economic crises.
According to Sultan Abdulhamid Khan, who said H My old dream için for Hicaz Railway, this project would have many material and spiritual services. “The pilgrimage will be facilitated,, 18 would be brought to the day as a round trip between Damascus and Mecca, including the months of pilgrimage and the performance of the pilgrimage. By connecting the railway to Jeddah, it would be possible to reach all parts of the world easily by sea. In addition to this, it would be much easier for the state to strengthen the liaison between Muslims and to provide a more rapid and powerful order.

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