Mehmet Salih Eroğlu: Transportation in Montreal

Montreal is the largest city in the province of Quebec, and the country is the second largest city after Toronto. Its name comes from the three-crowned Mount Royal in the central part of the city. The city is set on the island of Montreal, east of Saint Lawrence, east of the Ottawa rivers flowing.

The center (Montreal island) population 1,9 million. The official language is French and the island population is about 56,9u French,% 18,6 is English, and the 56 is both Fr and Eng. Montreal is the second most French-speaking city after Paris in the western world.

In 1976, although Montreal has been transformed into both population and economic power, Montreal today remains important in areas such as finance and business transactions, space technologies, pharmaceutical industry, design, culture and tourism.

Area: Central area 430 km2, ie the area where urban transportation services are provided.

Public transportation is done by bus, subway and suburban trains connected to the outside of the island. Metro and bus systems operate at Societe de transport de Montreal (STM).

A few important information about the bus network: 197 daytime and 23 night bus line, 2010, 1,347,900 on a weekday service was given to the average 30 passenger, currently 06 even in the bus interval morning 00: 21-00 evening: 10 2011 maximum 415 Applying the minute concept, we finally moved XNUMX million passengers in total in XNUMX.

Come to the subway. Opened in 1966, currently 68 station, 4 total line length over 69,2 km. One of the features is the rubber wheels. The main reason is the silence and a pre-tested Parisian example. Due to the heavy weather conditions, the 759 vehicle is completely underground. In 2011, the average number of passengers per day is 1,111,700, while 308,8 million passengers. In the same year, the system reliability is% 97,7.

Montreal Metro, Paris Metrobut he has also influenced the Lyon, Marseille and Mexico City subways, especially in the areas of tire wheel and station architecture.

The rubber wheel ensures that the Montreal subway not only runs quietly and has a low level of vibration, but also provides comfort when climbing ramps (6,5%) and higher speeds on curves. On the other hand, the noise of the traction motors somewhat disrupts the quiet advantage provided by the rubber wheels.

Montreal subway cars are the oldest trains still running in the world. The MR-63 (Canadian Vickers, the base model Paris MP 59) has been on the green and yellow lines since 1966, and the MR-73 (Bombardier) has been operating on orange and blue lines since 1976.

The technical specifications of the MR-63 tools are given below. In short, I would like to announce that these vehicles will start to be withdrawn from 2014 and MR-73 will continue to serve until 2017. The MPM-10 tender of the new vehicles was made at the end of 2010 and the work has taken the Bombardier-Alstom consortium (1,3 billion CAD), the 468 open concept vehicle, the commencement of delivery February 2014. The concept of open means; the development of new tools by providing information and exchange of information and opinions with the participation of operators (STM), subcontractors, suppliers and especially passengers. In addition to meeting 350 to accomplish such a thing, continuous control and feedback and specification requirements have been fulfilled.

MR-63 Vickers

The MR-1966 fleet has been extremely reliable (since the 63 has undergone revisions and upgrades, the average distance between 2004 year errors according to North American standards, MDBF 200.000 km). Over the years, the tire wheels and / or the condition of the line have been positively affecting the driving quality of the vehicle, while vandalism, aging of the parts and supply problems of the new ones have been adversely affected.

Service time 1966-present
Manufacturer Canadian Vickers
Year of manufacture 1965-1967
Revision GEC Alsthom (1993)
Amount 336 vehicle (37 team 9 array and additional 3 vehicle)
Capacity 160 passenger per vehicle, 39-40 passenger, (9 passenger in 1440 series)
operating STM
workshops Angrignon, Beaugrand
Working lines Line 1 Green, Line 4 Yellow
Technical specificationsCar body Steel Alloy
Width 2.5 m
Kapilar 4 pieces on each side
Maximum speed 70 – 72 km / h
Weight 26,080 kg / vehicle, empty
Trolley system 360 V, reactive traction motors, Canron-Jeument chopper
Power output 113 kW (152 hp)
Acceleration 4.8 km / h / s
Power supply 750 Volt DC 3. rail
Boji 2 tool / vehicle
Brake systems Wooden brake pad electromagnetic brakes
signaling ATC (ATO)
Rail range 1,435 mm

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